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Wang Deqin v. Yang Desheng and the No. 2 Automobile Team of Luzhou City (Case on Dispute over Compensation for Damage in a Traffic Accident)
王德钦诉杨德胜、泸州市汽车二队交通事故损害赔偿纠纷案
【法宝引证码】
  • Type of Dispute: Civil-->Tort
  • Legal document: Judgment
  • Judgment date: 05-28-2003
  • Procedural status: Trial at First Instance
  • Source: SPC Gazette,Issue 3,2006

Wang Deqin v. Yang Desheng and the No. 2 Automobile Team of Luzhou City (Case on Dispute over Compensation for Damage in a Traffic Accident)
(Case on Dispute over Compensation for Damage in a Traffic Accident)
王德钦诉杨德胜、泸州市汽车二队交通事故损害赔偿纠纷案

Wang Deqin v. Yang Desheng and the No. 2 Automobile Team of Luzhou City

 

王德钦诉杨德胜、泸州市汽车二队交通事故损害赔偿纠纷案

(Case on Dispute over Compensation for Damage in a Traffic Accident) 【裁判摘要】
 民法通则一百一十九条规定的“死者生前扶养的人”,既包括死者生前实际扶养的人,也包括应当由死者抚养,但因为死亡事故发生,死者尚未抚养的子女。
 
BASIC FACTS 原告:王德钦,男,1岁,住四川省泸州市江阳区蓝田镇。
Plaintiff: Wang Deqin, male, 1 year old, dwelling in Lantian Town, Jiangyang District, Luzhou City, Sichuan Province 法定代理人:牟萍,女,22岁,原告王德钦之母,住址同上。
Legal Representative: Mou Ping, Female, 22 years old, mother of Wang Deqin, dwelling in the same place as Wang Deqin 被告:杨德胜,男,39岁,住四川省泸州市纳溪区棉花坡乡。
Defendant: Yang Desheng, male, 39 years old, dwelling in Mianhuapo Township, Naxi District, Luzhou City, Sichuan Province 被告:四川省泸州市汽车二队,住所地:四川省泸州市龙马潭区。
Defendant: the No. 2 Automobile Team, Luzhou City, Sichuan Province, domiciled in Longmatan District, Luzhou City, Sichuan Province 法定代表人:肖开红,该队经理。
Legal Representative: Xiao Kaihong, manager of the Team 原告王德钦因与被告杨德胜、四川省泸州市汽车二队发生道路交通事故损害赔偿纠纷,由其法定代理人牟萍代理向四川省泸州市江阳区人民法院提起诉讼。
Wang Deqin had a dispute over compensation for damage in a road accident with Yang and the No. 2 Automobile Team (hereinafter referred to as the Team), Luzhou City, Sichuan Province and thus Mou Ping, his legal representative, filed an action on his behalf with the People's Court of Jiangyang District, Luzhou City, Sichuan Province. 原告王德钦的法定代理人代为诉称:在一次交通事故中,原告之父王先强被挂靠在被告泸州市汽车二队的被告杨德胜驾驶的汽车轧死。交警部门认定:杨德胜负此次交通事故的主要责任。依照《中华人民共和国民法通则》(以下简称民法通则)第一百一十九条、《中华人民共和国继承法》(以下简称继承法)第二十八条的规定,原告必要的生活费、教育费,应当由杨德胜赔偿,泸州市汽车二队应当承担连带赔偿责任。由于杨德胜的反对,此项赔偿在原交通肇事一案的刑事附带民事判决中未解决。请求判令:(1)被告给原告支付生活费、教育费18458元;(2)被告给原告支付精神抚慰金10000元;(3)本案诉讼费由被告负担。
Mou Ping alleged that: In a road accident, Wang Xianqiang was run over and killed by an automobile driven by Yang Desheng, who was then subordinated to the Team. The department of traffic police confirmed that: Yang shall bear the principal liabilities in this traffic accident. According to Article 119 of the General Principles of the Civil Law of the People's Republic of China (hereinafter referred to as the General Principles of the Civil Law) and Article 28 of the Succession Law of the People's Republic of China (hereinafter referred to as the Succession Law, as to the expenses for living and education necessary to the plaintiff, Yang shall make compensation and the Team shall bear the joint and several liabilities of compensation as well. Because of Yang's objection, the issue of compensation failed to be solved in the civil judgment attached to criminal litigation for a previous case involving the road incident. So the plaintiff pleaded the court to adjudicate that: (1) The defendant shall pay to the plaintiff 18, 458 yuan of expenses for living and education; (2) The defendant shall pay to the plaintiff 10, 000 yuan of compensation for mental sufferings; (3) The case acceptance fee of this case shall be borne by the defendant. 原告王德钦提交的证据有:
The evidences as presented by Wang Deqin are as follows: 
1. A Confirmation of Road Accident Liabilities No. 2002065, a Mediation on Compensation for Damage in Road Accident as produced on June 8 and July 1, 2002, a Final Mediation on Compensation for Damage in Road Accident No. 2002003, Civil Judgment Attached to Criminal Litigation No. 234 (2002) of the Intermediate People's Court of Jiangyang City, Civil Mediation Attached to Criminal Litigation No. 101 (2002) of the Intermediate People's Court of Luzhou City, proving that, although Yang had assumed 90% of the liabilities for compensation in the case, it did not cover the compensatory items as claimed by the plaintiff. 1.第2002065号道路交通事故责任认定书一份、2002年6月8日和7月1日的道路交通事故损害赔偿调解书各一份、第2002003号道路交通事故损害赔偿调解终结书一份、泸州市江阳区人民法院的(2002)江阳刑初字第234号刑事附带民事判决书一份、泸州市中级人民法院(2002)泸刑终字第101号刑事附带民事调解书一份,用以证明杨德胜在交通肇事一案中虽然承担了90%的赔偿责任,但不包括原告请求赔偿的项目。
2. Two copies of certification of Fenghuangshan Agricultural Cooperative, Shangba Village, Lantian Township, Jiangyang District, Luzhou City, transcripts of investigation into Mao Xihua and Wang Shulin, respectively, certifying that Wang Xianqiang had been in love with Mou Ping for several years and cohabitated together and that Wang died when they were going through the procedures for marriage with Mou Ping, who was pregnant at that time. 2.泸州市江阳区蓝田镇上坝村凤凰山农业合作社的证明两份、对证人毛西华、王树林的调查笔录各一份,用以证明王先强和牟萍自由恋爱多年,二人一起同居生活;王先强在与牟萍办理结婚手续的过程中死亡,其时牟萍已怀孕。
3. A medical record of birth and 15 medical invoices, certifying that Wang Deqin was borne in the Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital of Luzhou City, Sichuan Province, for which the relevant medical expense was 3238 yuan. 3.出生医学记录一份、医疗发票15张,用以证明牟萍于2002年10月22日在四川省泸州市中医院生育王德钦,为此支出医疗费3238元。
4. Testimony of Mou Ping, Tang Huali, Deng Jianhua, Gao Xiaohong and Mou Yong, Authentication Report of Medical Jurisprudence No. 2003-077 as produced by Huaxi Medical Authentication Center, Sichuang Province and 2 authentication invoices, proving that Mou Yong collected blood sample from Wang Xianqiang and delivered it to the traffic police for preservation, and that Wang Deqin is, upon a paternity test, Wang Qiang's son. 4.证人牟萍、唐华丽、邓建华、高晓红、牟勇的证言各一份、四川华西医学鉴定中心物2003-077号法医学鉴定报告书一份、鉴定发票两张,用以证明牟勇从王先强身上提取血样交民警保存,以及经亲子鉴定,王德钦确系王先强亲生儿子。
5. Certification as produced by the Civil Affair Bureau of Luzhou City, Sichuan Province, proving that the minimum maintenance fee for living is 130 yuan for each local person per month. 5.四川省泸州市民政局的证明一份,用以证明当地最低生活保障费为每人每月130元。
...... 被告杨德胜辩称:王先强死时未婚,没有配偶,何来子女。民法通则九条规定:“公民从出生时起到死亡时止,具有民事权利能力,依法享有民事权利,承担民事义务。”原告即便算王先强的遗腹子,王先强死亡时其尚未出生,不是具有民事权利能力的、能够行使请求权的民事主体。继承法二十八条规定:“遗产分割时,应当保留胎儿的继承份额。胎儿出生时是死体的,保留的份额按照法定继承办理。”本案是交通肇事损害赔偿,不是继承案件,赔偿金不等于遗产,保留胎儿份额的规定不能在本案适用。民法通则一百一十九条规定:“侵害公民身体造成伤害的,应当赔偿医疗费、因误工减少的收入、残废者生活补助费等费用;造成死亡的,并应当支付丧葬费、死者生前扶养的人必要的生活费等费用。”在交通肇事一案中,王先强生前扶养人的经济赔偿问题已经附带解决。原告不是王先强生前扶养的人,不能依照这条规定来请求赔偿,其诉讼请求应当驳回。
 ......

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