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People v. RAI DIPRAJ (case of smuggling drugs)
冉·迪普热走私毒品案
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People v. RAI DIPRAJ (case of smuggling drugs)
(case of smuggling drugs)
冉·迪普热走私毒品案
[Key Terms]
minors ; smuggling drugs
[核心术语]
已满十六未满十八周岁;未成年;走私毒品
[Disputed Issues]
Where a foreigner under 18 years old smuggles marijuana out of the country by avoiding the customs regulation, how shall the actor be convicted and sentenced?
[争议焦点]
已满十六未满十八周岁的外国人,逃避海关监管,走私大麻出境,应如何定罪量刑?
[Case Summary]
Pursuant to the Decision of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress on Narcotics Control, the term “narcotic drugs” refers to opium, heroin, morphine, marijuana, cocaine and other narcotics and psychotropic substances that are liable to make people addicted to their use and that are controlled by relevant regulations of the State Council. Smuggling of drugs is strictly forbidden by the law of our country. Where a foreigner under 18 years old smuggles marijuana out of the country by avoiding the customs regulation, such act constitutes the crime of smuggling drugs. Under Article 14 of the Criminal Law (1979), any person who has already attained the age of 16 when committing a crime shall bear the criminal liability. Any person who has reached the age of 14 but under the age of 16 when committing a crime of homicide, serious injury, robbery, arson, habitual theft, or any other crime seriously undermining social order shall bear the criminal liability. Any person who has reached the age of 14 but under the age of 18 who commits a crime shall be given a lighter or mitigated punishment. Thus, the actor under 18 years old when committing a crime may be given a mitigated punishment according to the law.
[案例要旨]
《全国人大常委会关于禁毒的决定》中所指的毒品,是指鸦片、海洛因、吗啡、大麻、可卡因以及国务院规定管制的其他能够使人形成瘾癖的麻醉药品和精神药品。我国法律严禁走私毒品。行为人逃避海关监管,走私大麻出境,其行为已构成走私毒品罪。依照1979年《中华人民共和国刑法》第十四条规定,已满十六岁的人犯罪,应当负刑事责任。已满十四岁不满十八岁的人犯罪,应当从轻或者减轻处罚。因行为人犯罪时已满十六未满十八周岁,对于走私毒品的行为应当负刑事责任,但可以依法减轻处罚。

Full-text Omitted.

 

冉·迪普热走私毒品案

 被告人 冉·迪普热(英文名RAI DIPRAJ),男,18岁,尼泊尔人,无固定职业,住香港九龙
 冉·迪普热因走私毒品嫌疑于1995年7月16日被深圳市公安局立案侦查并刑事拘留,同年8月23日经检察机关批准被依法逮捕。
 1995年10月16日,深圳市人民检察院以走私毒品罪向深圳市中级人民法院提起公诉,起诉书认定被告人冉·迪普热犯罪事实如下:
 被告人冉·迪普热于1995年7月11日晚10时许,身藏4块黑色膏状物,经深圳罗湖海关绿色通道出境时,被海关人员当场查获。经鉴定,上述4块黑色膏状物品系大麻,净重1514克。
 1995年12月14日,深圳市中级人民法院对该案依法进行不公开审理。认为被告人冉·迪普热无视中国法律,逃避海关监管,走私大麻出境,其行为已构成走私毒品罪。应依法惩处。但考虑到冉·迪普热犯罪时未满18岁,且认罪态度较好,依法可减轻处罚。1996年1月30日深圳市中级人民法院依照《中华人民共和国刑法》第十四条第三款、第三十条以及《全国人大常委会关于禁毒的决定》第二条第一款第(一)项、第十二条之规定判决:
 一、被告人冉·迪普热犯走私毒品罪,判处有期徒刑十二年,附加驱逐出境(刑期自判决执行之日起计算,判决执行前先行羁押一日,折抵刑期一日,即从一九九五年七月十一日起至二00七年七月十日止)。
 二、缴获的毒品大麻1514克,予以没收,交有关单位处理。
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