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Beijing iQIYI Technology Co., Ltd. v. Shenzhen VST Technology Co., Ltd. (Case about disputes over other unfair competition)
  • Type of Dispute: IPR-->Others
  • Legal document: Judgment
  • Judgment date: 04-26-2016
  • Procedural status: Trial at Second Instance
  • Source: SPC Gazette, Issue 12, 2016 (No. 242)

Beijing iQIYI Technology Co., Ltd. v. Shenzhen VST Technology Co., Ltd. (Case about disputes over other unfair competition)
(Case about disputes over other unfair competition)
Beijing iQIYI Technology Co., Ltd. v. Shenzhen VST Technology Co., Ltd. (Case about disputes over other unfair competition) 


[Judgment Abstract] [裁判摘要]
The actor develops and operates the relevant software, and realizes functions of directly playing videos of other online video platform without playing the former advertising. This act has violated the principle of good faith and impaired the lawful rights and interests of other online video platforms that seek business profits by depending on their justifiable business models. Therefore, it constitutes unfair competition. 行为人开发并运营相关软件,实现无需观看片前广告即可直接观看其他网络视频平台视频的功能,该行为违背了诚实信用原则,损害了其他网络视频平台依托其正当商业模式获取商业利益的合法权益,构成不正当竞争。
Plaintiff: Beijing iQIYI Technology Co., Ltd., domiciled in No. 1 Haidian North Street, Haidian District, Beijing Municipality. 原告:北京爱奇艺科技有限公司,住所地:北京市海淀区海淀北一街。
Legal Representative: Geng Xiaohua, Executive Director of the Company. 法定代表人:耿晓华,该公司执行董事。
Defendant: Shenzhen VST Technology Co., Ltd., domiciled in Bantian Sub-district, Longgang District, Shenzhen City, Guangdong Province. 被告:深圳聚网视科技有限公司,住所地:广东省深圳市龙岗区坂田街道。
Legal Representative: Hu Wenshen, Executive Director of the Company. 法定代表人:胡文深,该公司执行董事。
Plaintiff Beijing iQIYI Technology Co., Ltd. (hereinafter referred to as “iQIYI Company”) filed a lawsuit with the People's Court of Yangpu District, Shanghai Municipality for disputes over other unfair competition against defendant Shenzhen VST Technology Co., Ltd. (hereinafter referred to as “VST Company”). 原告北京爱奇艺科技有限公司(以下简称爱奇艺公司)因与被告深圳聚网视科技有限公司(以下简称聚网视公司)发生其他不正当竞争纠纷,向上海市杨浦区人民法院提起诉讼。
Plaintiff iQIYI Company alleged that as the legitimate operator of a famous Chinese large-scale online video platform, iQIYI, iQIYI Company provided network terminal users with VOD services of online videos and advertising production and release services for advertisers in the industry. Users acquired the content of videos for free at the cost of watching video advertising. By charging advertisers advertising fees, iQIYI Company made a profit and such advertising fees were its main business income. Defendant VST Company developed a piece of software “VST Quanjuhe,” which may be downloaded and operated on its official website and in other ways. This piece of software had a “function of filtering video advertising.” After a user installed the software, he may directly watch videos on the iQIYI platform without watching the video advertising, which caused decrease in iQIYI Company's website visits, downloads of the player client, and exposure rates of advertising of advertisers run by iQIYI Company. Furthermore, the interests of iQIYI Company were impaired and its legitimate rights and interests were infringed. Therefore, iQIYI Company requested the People's Court of Yangpu District to order that: (1) VST Company should pay iQIYI Company CNY 992,000 as compensation for its economic losses, the lawyer's fee of CNY 50,000, and the notarial fee of CNY 14,250; and (2) VST Company should publish a statement on its act of unfair competition on the top of the homepage of its official website (http://www.91vst.com) for consecutive 72 hours to eliminate adverse effects. 原告爱奇艺公司诉称,其系中国知名大型网络视频平台“爱奇艺”的合法经营者,通过该平台向网络终端用户提供在线视频的点播服务,同时向行业广告客户提供广告的制作和发布服务。用户以观看视频广告为代价获得免费的视频内容,其以向广告主收取广告费作为主要营业收入,以此实现盈利。被告聚网视公司开发了“VST全聚合”软件,通过其官方网站等途径提供涉案软件的下载和运营,该软件具有“视频广告过滤功能”,用户在安装该软件后,可以直接通过该软件观看“爱奇艺”平台的视频内容,而不再需要观看视频广告,导致爱奇艺公司网站访问量以及播放器客户端下载量的下降,降低了广告主在爱奇艺公司处投放广告的曝光率,进而导致爱奇艺公司的利益受损,侵害了爱奇艺公司的正当权益,故请求判令:1.聚网视公司赔偿爱奇艺公司经济损失人民币992 000元 (以下币种均为人民币)、律师费50 000元、公证费14 250元;2.聚网视公司就其不正当竞争行为在其官方网站(http://www.91vst.com/)首页上端连续72小时刊登声明,消除影响。
Defendant VST Company contended that: It and iQIYI Company were not in the same industry and there was no competition between them; when playing a video of iQIYI Company on “VST Quanjuhe,” the former advertising failed to be played because the video and advertising had different film sources. “VST Quanjuhe” could only acquire the content of the video, but the former advertising failed to be grabbed. VST Company did not shield the former advertising of iQIYI Company by technical means, the technologies it used were innovative and neutral, and its act did not constitute unfair competition. Therefore, VST Company requested the People's Court of Yangpu District to reject all claims of iQIYI Company. 被告聚网视公司辩称:其与爱奇艺公司不处于同一行业,不存在竞争关系;通过“VST全聚合”软件播放来源于爱奇艺公司的视频时不播放视频前的广告是由于视频内容和广告内容分处两个不同的片源造成的,其只能获取到视频内容,无法抓取视频前广告。其并没有通过技术手段屏蔽爱奇艺公司视频前广告,其使用的技术是创新、中立的,不构成不正当竞争。据此,聚网视公司请求驳回爱奇艺公司的全部诉讼请求。
After a trial of first instance, the People's Court of Yangpu District, Shanghai Municipality found that: 上海市杨浦区人民法院一审查明:
Plaintiff iQIYI Company was established on March 27, 2007. As a famous domestic video content provider, iQIYI Company provided network users with video play services through the website (www.iqiyi.com), computer client, mobile clients (Android and iOS). iQIYI Company maintained its normal business operations mainly by relying on the business model of “advertising + free videos” (that was, it charged advertising fees by playing advertising before playing a video and by watching the former advertising with different durations, a user may watch the video for free) or charge of membership fees (that is, after a user became a member by paying fees, it was unnecessary for him to watch the former advertising before watching the video). In this way, iQIYI Company paid such expenditures incurred by video copyright, band width, and popularization with the advertising fees and membership fees. 原告爱奇艺公司成立于2007年3月27日,系国内知名视频内容提供商,通过“爱奇艺”网站(www.iqiyi.com)、电脑客户端,安卓、苹果等移动平台客户端,向网络用户提供视频播放服务。爱奇艺公司主要依托“广告+免费视频”(即在视频内容播放前播放广告以收取广告费,用户通过观看时长不一的片前广告,获得免费视频观看)或者收取会员费的(用户支付费用成为会员后,无需观看视频前广告即可观看视频)经营模式,通过广告费、会员费收取支付视频版权、带宽、推广等支出,以维持其正常运营。
Defendant VST Company was established on November 22, 2013. The software “VST Quanjuhe” developed and operated by it gathered content of 18 video websites including the website of plaintiff iQIYI Company and it could be installed on Android-based clients as Pads, mobile phones, TV boxes, and smart TV. 被告聚网视公司成立于2013年11月22日,其开发并运营的“VST全聚合”软件是聚合了十八个视频网站包括原告爱奇艺网站内容,可以安装于安卓平台的PAD、手机、电视机顶盒和智能电视的客户端软件。
From May 4, 2014 to March 26, 2015, upon notarization for multiple times, plaintiff iQIYI Company testified that without playing the former advertising of videos, the content of videos on the website of iQIYI Company may be directly played through such media as smart TV, Tmall Box connected to TV, and smart phones after the software “VST Quanjuhe” of VST Company was installed. 2014年5月4日至2015年3月26日,原告爱奇艺公司通过多次公证的方式,证明在安装聚网视公司的VST全聚合软件后,通过智能电视、天猫魔盒连接电视机、智能手机等媒介,可以直接播放爱奇艺公司网站视频内容而不播放视频前广告。
On April 8, 2015, in the notary way, plaintiff iQIYI Company used the software “Wireshark” to demonstrate the video play principle: After a user made a request for watching the content of a video to the server, the server checked the source of the requested platform according to the code of the client making the request (SRC value). In this way, a secret key of the corresponding video data interface (Key value) was acquired. According to the access time value (Time ID) in the access request and the video code (Video ID) and in the sequence of Time ID + Key + Video ID, an SC value was generated by using the MD5 encryption algorithm. If the SC value was consistent with that generated in the access request, it passed the verification and the content under access request would be pushed to the user. In the video source data grabbed by the software “Wireshark,” only the access time value (Time ID), video code (Video ID), client code (SRC value), and SC value could be displayed. iQIYI Company adopted the encryption measure of setting a secret key (Key value) to the content of its videos and the secret key (Key value) was undisclosed.

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