>>>welcome visitor, haven't logged in. Login
Subscribe Now Contact us  
Font Size:  A A A Search “Fabao” Window English 中文 = 简体  繁体
  Favorite   DownLoad   Print
 
Rules of Obtainment of Electronic Data as Evidence by Public Security Authorities in Handling Criminal Cases [Effective]
公安机关办理刑事案件电子数据取证规则 [现行有效]
【法宝引证码】

Rules of Obtainment of Electronic Data as Evidence by Public Security Authorities in Handling Criminal Cases 

公安机关办理刑事案件电子数据取证规则

(Ministry of Public Security 2019) (公安部 2019年)

Chapter I General Provisions 

第一章 总 则

 
Article 1 For the purposes of regulating the obtainment of electronic data as evidence by public security authorities in handling criminal cases, ensuring the quality of the obtainment of electronic data as evidence, and improving the efficiency of the obtainment of electronic data as evidence, according to the Criminal Procedure Law of the People's Republic of China, the Provisions on the Procedures for Handling of Criminal Cases by Public Security Authorities, and other relevant rules, these Rules are hereby developed.   第一条 为规范公安机关办理刑事案件电子数据取证工作,确保电子数据取证质量,提高电子数据取证效率,根据《中华人民共和国刑事诉讼法》《公安机关办理刑事案件程序规定》等有关规定,制定本规则。
Article 2 Public security authorities shall, when handling criminal cases, comply with the statutory procedures, follow the relevant technical standards, and collect and take case-related electronic data in a comprehensive, objective and timely manner, so as to ensure the veracity and integrity of the electronic data.   第二条 公安机关办理刑事案件应当遵守法定程序,遵循有关技术标准,全面、客观、及时地收集、提取涉案电子数据,确保电子数据的真实、完整。
Article 3 The obtainment of electronic data shall include without limitation:   第三条 电子数据取证包括但不限于:
(1) collection and taking of electronic data; (一)收集、提取电子数据;
(2) examination and investigative reenactment of electronic data; and (二)电子数据检查和侦查实验;
(3) inspection and appraisal of electronic data. (三)电子数据检验与鉴定。
Article 4 Where the obtainment of electronic data as evidence by public security authorities involves state secrets, police work secrets, trade secrets, or individual privacy, confidentiality shall be preserved; and any material obtained that is not relevant to the case shall be returned or destroyed in a timely manner.   第四条 公安机关电子数据取证涉及国家秘密、警务工作秘密、商业秘密、个人隐私的,应当保密;对于获取的材料与案件无关的,应当及时退还或者销毁。
Article 5 The electronic data accepted or requested in accordance with the law by public security authorities which is collected or taken by another state agency in accordance with the law in the course of administrative law enforcement or investigation and handling of cases may be used as evidence in criminal cases.   第五条 公安机关接受或者依法调取的其他国家机关在行政执法和查办案件过程中依法收集、提取的电子数据可以作为刑事案件的证据使用。
Chapter II Collection and Taking of Electronic Data 

第二章 收集提取电子数据

 
Section 1 General Rules 

第一节 一般规定

 
Article 6 The collection or taking of electronic data shall be carried out by two or more investigators. When necessary, a professional technician may be assigned or engaged to collect or take electronic data under the auspices of investigators.   第六条 收集、提取电子数据,应当由二名以上侦查人员进行。必要时,可以指派或者聘请专业技术人员在侦查人员主持下进行收集、提取电子数据。
Article 7 Electronic data may be collected or taken by one or several of the following measures or methods as needed by the circumstances of the case:   第七条 收集、提取电子数据,可以根据案情需要采取以下一种或者几种措施、方法:
(1) Impounding or placing seal on and preserving the original storage medium. (一)扣押、封存原始存储介质;
(2) Taking electronic data on site. (二)现场提取电子数据;
(3) Taking electronic data online. (三)网络在线提取电子数据;
(4) Freezing electronic data. (四)冻结电子数据;
(5) Requesting electronic data. (五)调取电子数据。
Article 8 Under any of the following circumstances, relevant evidence may be fixed by printing, photographing, video recording or any other means:   第八条 具有下列情形之一的,可以采取打印、拍照或者录像等方式固定相关证据:
(1) The original storage medium cannot be impounded, and the electronic data cannot be taken. (一)无法扣押原始存储介质并且无法提取电子数据的;
(2) The presence of a self-destruct function or device for electronic data entails the timely fixing of the relevant evidence. (二)存在电子数据自毁功能或装置,需要及时固定相关证据的;
(3) There is necessity for exhibiting and examining relevant electronic data on site. (三)需现场展示、查看相关电子数据的。
Upon the relevant evidence being fixed by printing, photographing, video recording or any other means according to the provisions of the sub-paragraphs (2) and (3) of the preceding paragraph, the original storage medium shall be impounded if possible; and if the original storage medium is impossible to impound but the electronic data can be taken, the electronic data shall be taken. 根据前款第二、三项的规定采取打印、拍照或者录像等方式固定相关证据后,能够扣押原始存储介质的,应当扣押原始存储介质;不能扣押原始存储介质但能够提取电子数据的,应当提取电子数据。
Article 9 Where relevant evidence is fixed by means of printing, photographing or video recording, the contents of the electronic data shall be clearly represented, the relevant transcripts shall specify the reason for fixing the relevant evidence by means of printing, photographing or video recording and information on where the electronic data is stored and the characteristics and place of the original storage medium, and the investigators or the electronic data holder (provider) shall affix signature or seal; and if the electronic data holder (provider) is unable to sign or denies signature, a note shall be made in the transcripts, and the witness shall affix signature or seal.   第九条 采取打印、拍照或者录像方式固定相关证据的,应当清晰反映电子数据的内容,并在相关笔录中注明采取打印、拍照或者录像等方式固定相关证据的原因,电子数据的存储位置、原始存储介质特征和所在位置等情况,由侦查人员、电子数据持有人(提供人)签名或者盖章;电子数据持有人(提供人)无法签名或者拒绝签名的,应当在笔录中注明,由见证人签名或者盖章。
Section 2 Impoundment and Placing a Seal on and Preservation of Original 

第二节 扣押、封存原始存储介质

Storage Media 
 
Article 10 For electronic data discovered in the investigation activities evidencing that the criminal suspect is guilty or innocent or commits a trivial or grave crime, if the original storage medium is possible to impound, the original storage medium shall be impounded or preserved by placing a seal, and transcripts shall be prepared to record the preservation status of the original storage medium.   第十条 在侦查活动中发现的可以证明犯罪嫌疑人有罪或者无罪、罪轻或者罪重的电子数据,能够扣押原始存储介质的,应当扣押、封存原始存储介质,并制作笔录,记录原始存储介质的封存状态。
When a crime scene related to electronic data is investigated and examined, the relevant equipment shall be disposed of in accordance with relevant rules, and the original storage medium shall be impounded and preserved by placing a seal. 勘验、检查与电子数据有关的犯罪现场时,应当按照有关规范处置相关设备,扣押、封存原始存储介质。
Article 11 The original storage medium impounded shall be preserved by placing a seal in accordance with the following requirements:   第十一条 对扣押的原始存储介质,应当按照以下要求封存:
(1) Ensuring that if the state of preservation by placing a seal is not terminated, the original storage medium cannot be used or activated, and if necessary, electronic equipment with data and information storage functionality and built-in storage media such as hard disks and the memory cards may be separately preserved by placing a seal. (一)保证在不解除封存状态的情况下,无法使用或者启动被封存的原始存储介质,必要时,具备数据信息存储功能的电子设备和硬盘、存储卡等内部存储介质可以分别封存;
(2) Photographs of the original storage medium shall be taken before and after placing a seal for preservation. The photographs shall show the state of the original storage medium before and after placing a seal and clearly indicate the state of the place where the seal is placed; and if necessary, the photograph shall also clearly represent the details of the built-in storage media of the electronic equipment. (二)封存前后应当拍摄被封存原始存储介质的照片。照片应当反映原始存储介质封存前后的状况,清晰反映封口或者张贴封条处的状况;必要时,照片还要清晰反映电子设备的内部存储介质细节;
(3) When an original storage medium with wireless communication functionality such as mobile phone is preserved by placing a seal, measures such as signal jamming, signal blocking and power cut shall be adopted. (三)封存手机等具有无线通信功能的原始存储介质,应当采取信号屏蔽、信号阻断或者切断电源等措施。
Article 12 The original storage media impounded shall be clearly inventoried in conjunction with the witness present and the original storage medium holder (provider), and an Impoundment Inventory shall be made in triplicate on the spot, specifying the title, serial number, quantity, characteristics and sources, among others, of the original storage media, signed or sealed by the investigators, the holder (provider) and the witness, with one copy given to the holder (provider), another one delivered up to the custodian of the public security agency, and the remainder attached to the file and made available for inspection.   第十二条 对扣押的原始存储介质,应当会同在场见证人和原始存储介质持有人(提供人)查点清楚,当场开列《扣押清单》一式三份,写明原始存储介质名称、编号、数量、特征及其来源等,由侦查人员、持有人(提供人)和见证人签名或者盖章,一份交给持有人(提供人),一份交给公安机关保管人员,一份附卷备查。
Article 13 Where an original storage medium holder (provider) cannot be determined, or the original storage medium holder (provider) is unable to affix signature or seal or refuses to do so, a note shall be given in the relevant transcripts and signed or sealed by the witness. If it is impossible for a qualified person to act as a witness for objective reasons, a note as to the situation shall be given in the relevant transcripts, and a video recording of the whole process of impounding the original storage medium shall be made.   第十三条 对无法确定原始存储介质持有人(提供人)或者原始存储介质持有人(提供人)无法签名、盖章或者拒绝签名、盖章的,应当在有关笔录中注明,由见证人签名或者盖章。由于客观原因无法由符合条件的人员担任见证人的,应当在有关笔录中注明情况,并对扣押原始存储介质的过程全程录像。
Article 14 In the impoundment of an original storage medium, evidence related to the original storage medium such as witness statement and criminal suspect suspect's confession and defense.   第十四条 扣押原始存储介质,应当收集证人证言以及犯罪嫌疑人供述和辩解等与原始存储介质相关联的证据。
Article 15 When an original storage medium is impounded, the following information may be requested and collected from relevant persons and stated in the relevant transcripts:   第十五条 扣押原始存储介质时,可以向相关人员了解、收集并在有关笔录中注明以下情况:
(1) The management of the original storage medium and the application system, network topology and system architecture, whether there is more than one user and administrator, and the identity of administrators and users. (一)原始存储介质及应用系统管理情况,网络拓扑与系统架构情况,是否由多人使用及管理,管理及使用人员的身份情况;
(2) The user name and password for the administration of the original storage medium and application system. (二)原始存储介质及应用系统管理的用户名、密码情况;
(3) Data backup of the original storage medium, whether there is an encrypted disk or container, whether there is self-destruct functionality, whether there is another mobile storage medium, whether the backup has been performed, the storage location of the backup data, and the like. (三)原始存储介质的数据备份情况,有无加密磁盘、容器,有无自毁功能,有无其它移动存储介质,是否进行过备份,备份数据的存储位置等情况;
(4) Contents otherwise relevant. (四)其他相关的内容。
Section 3 Taking Electronic Data on the Scene 

第三节 现场提取电子数据

 
Article 16 Under any of the following circumstances in which the original storage medium cannot be impounded, the electronic data may be taken on the scene:   第十六条 具有下列无法扣押原始存储介质情形之一的,可以现场提取电子数据:
(1) The original storage medium is not suitable for preservation by placing a seal. (一)原始存储介质不便封存的;
(2) Computer memory data, network transmission data, or other electronic data which is not stored on a storage medium is taken. (二)提取计算机内存数据、网络传输数据等不是存储在存储介质上的电子数据的;
(3) The case is urgent, and the failure to immediately take electronic data may result in the destruction or loss of electronic data or other serious consequences. (三)案件情况紧急,不立即提取电子数据可能会造成电子数据灭失或者其他严重后果的;
(4) Shutting down electronic equipment may cause an important information system to cease functioning. (四)关闭电子设备会导致重要信息系统停止服务的;
(5) There is necessity for screening the suspicious storage medium by taking electronic data on the scene. (五)需通过现场提取电子数据排查可疑存储介质的;
(6) When the computer information system or application is shut down, the taking is impossible without password. (六)正在运行的计算机信息系统功能或者应用程序关闭后,没有密码无法提取的;
(7) Otherwise impossible to impound the original storage medium. (七)其他无法扣押原始存储介质的情形。
When the impossibility of impounding the original storage medium ceases to exist, the original storage medium shall be impounded or preserved by placing a seal in a timely manner. 无法扣押原始存储介质的情形消失后,应当及时扣押、封存原始存储介质。
Article 17 When electronic data is taken on the scene, the following measures may be adopted to protect related electronic equipment:   第十七条 现场提取电子数据可以采取以下措施保护相关电子设备:
(1) Separating the criminal suspect or any other related person from the electronic equipment in a timely manner. (一)及时将犯罪嫌疑人或者其他相关人员与电子设备分离;
(2) If whether there is vulnerability to loss of data is uncertain, the electronic equipment in the running state may not be shut down. (二)在未确定是否易丢失数据的情况下,不能关闭正在运行状态的电子设备;
(3) If the computer information system on the scene may be remotely controlled, measures such as signal jamming, signal blocking, and disconnection of the network shall be adopted in a timely manner. (三)对现场计算机信息系统可能被远程控制的,应当及时采取信号屏蔽、信号阻断、断开网络连接等措施;
(4) Protecting the power supply. (四)保护电源;
(5) Protective measures otherwise necessary. (五)有必要采取的其他保护措施。
Article 18 When electronic data is taken on the scene, the following provisions shall be observed:   第十八条 现场提取电子数据,应当遵守以下规定:
(1) The data taken shall not be stored on the original storage medium. (一)不得将提取的数据存储在原始存储介质中;
(2) No new application program may be installed in the target system. If there is necessity for installing a new application program in the target system for special reasons, the installed program and object shall be stated in the transcripts. (二)不得在目标系统中安装新的应用程序。如果因为特殊原因,需要在目标系统中安装新的应用程序的,应当在笔录中记录所安装的程序及目的;
(3) The operations performed shall be stated in detail and accurately in the relevant transcripts. (三)应当在有关笔录中详细、准确记录实施的操作。
Article 19 When electronic data is taken on site, a Transcript of Taking Electronic Data on the Scene shall be prepared, stating the source of electronic data, cause and purpose, objects, the time, place, method and process of taking electronic data, the reason for impossibility of impounding the original storage medium, and the storage location of the original storage medium, with an Inventory of Taken and Fixed Electronic Data attached, stating the category, file format, checksum, and so forth, and signed or sealed by the investigators and electronic data holder (provider); and if the electronic data holder (provider) is unable to sign or denies signature, a note shall be made in the transcripts, and the witness shall affix signature or seal.   第十九条 现场提取电子数据,应当制作《电子数据现场提取笔录》,注明电子数据的来源、事由和目的、对象、提取电子数据的时间、地点、方法、过程、不能扣押原始存储介质的原因、原始存储介质的存放地点,并附《电子数据提取固定清单》,注明类别、文件格式、完整性校验值等,由侦查人员、电子数据持有人(提供人)签名或者盖章;电子数据持有人(提供人)无法签名或者拒绝签名的,应当在笔录中注明,由见证人签名或者盖章。
...... ......

Dear visitor, you are attempting to view a subscription-based section of lawinfochina.com. If you are already a subscriber, please login to enjoy access to our databases. If you are not a subscriber, you can pay for a document through Online Pay and read it immediately after payment.
An entity user can apply for a trial account or contact us for your purchase.
Tel: +86 (10) 82689699, +86 (10) 82668266 ext. 153
Mobile: +86 13311570712
Fax: +86 (10) 82668268
E-mail: database@chinalawinfo.com

 
您好:您现在要进入的是北大法律英文网会员专区。
如您是我们英文用户可直接 登录,进入会员专区查询您所需要的信息;如您还不是我们 的英文用户;您可通过网上支付进行单篇购买,支付成功后即可立即查看本篇内容;
单位用户可申请试用或者来电咨询购买。
Tel: +86 (10) 82689699, +86 (10) 82668266 ext. 153
Mobile: +86 13311570712
Fax: +86 (10) 82668268
E-mail:database@chinalawinfo.com
     
     
【法宝引证码】        北大法宝en.pkulaw.cn
Message: Please kindly comment on the present translation.
 
Confirmation Code:
Click image to reset code
 
  Translations are by lawinfochina.com, and we retain exclusive copyright over content found on our website except for content we publish as authorized by respective copyright owners or content that is publicly available from government sources.

Due to differences in language, legal systems, and culture, English translations of Chinese law are for reference purposes only. Please use the official Chinese-language versions as the final authority. Lawinfochina.com and its staff will not be directly or indirectly liable for use of materials found on this website.

We welcome your comments and suggestions, which assist us in continuing to improve the quality of our materials as we dynamically expand content.
 
Home | About us | Disclaimer | Chinese