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Bai Wanqing v. Chengdu Hard-to-Find Article Marketing Service Center and Shanghai Tianxiang Co., Ltd. (Dispute on infringement of utility model patent)
柏万清与成都难寻物品营销服务中心、上海添香实业有限公司侵害实用新型专利权纠纷案
【法宝引证码】
  • Type of Dispute: IPR-->IPR Ownership & Infringement Disputes
  • Legal document: Ruling
  • Judgment date: 12-28-2012
  • Procedural status: Other
  • Source: 《最高人民法院公报》 2013年第9期(总第203期)

Bai Wanqing v. Chengdu Hard-to-Find Article Marketing Service Center and Shanghai Tianxiang Co., Ltd. (Dispute on infringement of utility model patent) 柏万清与成都难寻物品营销服务中心、上海添香实业有限公司侵害实用新型专利权纠纷案
[Judgment Abstract] 【裁判摘要】
Accurately defining the scope of patent protection is the precondition for ascertaining whether the alleged infringing technical proposal constituted infringement. If the specific meaning of the technical terms in the claims is still unable to be defined or the scope of patent protection is unable to be accurately defined, in combination with the patent specification in dispute, general knowledge in the field, and relevant existing technologies, in the event of distinct flaws in the preparation of the claims, no meaningful infringement comparison is able to be made with the alleged infringing technical proposal. Therefore, for the patent with significantly unclear scope of protection, the infringing technical proposal in dispute should not be ascertained as having constituted infringement. 准确界定专利权的保护范围,是认定被诉侵权技术方案是否构成侵权的前提条件。如果权利要求的撰写存在明显瑕疵,结合涉案专利说明书、本领域的公知常识以及相关现有技术等,仍然不能确定权利要求中技术术语的具体含义,无法准确确定专利权的保护范围的,则无法将被诉侵权技术方案与之进行有意义的侵权对比。因此,对于保护范围明显不清楚的专利权,不应认定被诉侵权技术方案构成侵权。
Supreme People's Court 最高人民法院
Civil Ruling  No. 1544 [2012], Civil Petition 民事裁定书
Retrial applicant (the plaintiff of the first instance and the appellant of the second instance): Bai Wanqing, male, Han ethnicity, born on July 13, 1938, domiciled at 4 Unit 1, 57 Binhe Road, Bldg. C, Lizhou District, Guangyuan City, Sichuan Province. (2012)民申字第1544号
Agent: Liu Junshi, lawyer of Beijing Xinyuan Law Office. 申请再审人(一审原告、二审上诉人):柏万清,男,汉族,1938年7月13日出生,住四川省广元市利州区滨河路57号C幢 1单元4号
Respondent (the defendant of the first instance and the appellee of the second instance): Chengdu Hard-to-Find Article Marketing Service Center, domiciled at 5-2-6, Jinxinyuan, 45 Jinsi Street, Chengdu City, Sichuan Province. 委托代理人:刘俊仕,北京市新元律师事务所律师。
...... 被申请人(一审被告、二审被上诉人):成都难寻物品营销服务中心。住所地:四川省成都市金丝街45号金欣苑5-2-6号
 投资人:刘万军,该中心经理。
 被申请人(一审被告、二审被上诉人):上海添香实业有限公司。住所地:上海市江场西路518号添香大厦301室
 法定代表人:许如根,该公司董事长。
 委托代理人:黎国栋,该公司员工。
 委托代理人:俞炜,该公司员工。
 申请再审人柏万清因与被申请人成都难寻物品营销服务中心(以下简称难寻中心)、二审被上诉人上海添香实业有限公司 (以下简称添香公司)侵害实用新型专利权纠纷一案,不服四川省高级人民法院(2011)川民终字第391号民事判决,向本院申请再审。本院依法组成合议庭对本案进行了审查。2012年12月11日,本院对本案进行了询问,柏万清的委托代理人刘俊仕,添香公司的委托代理人黎国栋、俞炜到庭参加询问。本案现已审查终结。
 柏万清申请再审称:1.关于涉案专利权利要求1中的“导磁率高”的理解问题。(1)解释权利要求时应当站在本领域普通技术人员立场上,结合工具书、教科书等公知文献以及本领域普通技术人员的通常理解进行解释。(2)导磁率又称为磁导率,是国际标准的电磁学技术术语,包括相对磁导率与绝对磁导率。相对磁导率是磁体在某种均匀介质中的磁感应强度与在真空中磁感应强度之比值。绝对磁导率是在磁介质所在的磁场中某点的磁感应强度与磁场强度的比值。绝对磁导 率更为常用,所以绝对磁导率在多数教科书与技术资料中简称为磁导率。(3)导磁率是磁感应强度与磁场强度之比值,是一个与磁感应强度和磁场强度都相关联的物理量。在特定的物理条件下,导磁率是可以描述、测量出的数值,可以有大小高低之分。(4)相关证据可以证明高导磁率是本领域普通技术人员公知的技术常识。国际标准单位意义上的高导磁率是国际公认的表达。相关现有技术中,从80高斯/奥斯特、1850高斯/奥斯特到34×104高斯/奥斯特或者83.5×104高斯/奥斯特,分别代表了高、很高、特高(极高)三个不同级别,但都属于高导磁率范围,都属于本领域普通技术人员理解的高导磁率范围内。(5)涉案专利权利要求1中限定了防电磁污染即防电磁辐射用途,高导磁率具有特定的具体环境,可以具体确定其含义。现实中,可以大致确定人们对各种辐射的防范需求。对于不同的 防辐射环境需要,本领域普通技术人员可以先测定出辐射数值,然后选择能够实现防辐射目的的导磁率材料。涉案专利权利要求1中的“导磁率高”具有明确的含义。即首先确定出磁介质的导磁率数值的安全下限,然后高于这个下限数值的就是导磁率高。这个下限数值可以因使用环境不同而有所区别。2.被诉侵权产品中的磁介质导磁率与剩磁可以通过司法鉴定查明。在当事人未申请司法鉴定的情况下,人民法院应当行使释明权。柏万清请求依法对被诉侵权产品进行司法鉴定。防范电磁辐射的产品应当无剩磁,或者有剩磁时进行退磁处理,直至无剩磁。因此,被诉侵权产品有明显的剩磁亦不合理。柏万清依据《中华人民共和国民事诉讼法》第一百七十九条第一款第(二)项、第(六)项之规定申请再审。
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