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Mineral Resources Law of the People's Republic of China (1996 Amendment) [Revised]
中华人民共和国矿产资源法(96修正) [已被修订]
【法宝引证码】

 

MINERAL RESOURCES LAW OF THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA 

中华人民共和国矿产资源法


(Adopted at the 15th Meeting of the Standing Committee of the Sixth National People's Congress on March 19, 1986, and revised in accordance with the Decision of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress on Revising the Mineral Resources Law of the People's Republic of China adopted at the 21st Meeting of the Standing Committee of the Eighth National People's Congress on August 29, 1996)
 
(1986年3月19日第六届全国人民代表大会
常务委员会第十五次会议通过 根据1996年8月29日
第八届全国人民代表大会常务委员会第二十一次会议
《关于修改<中华人民共和国矿产资源法>的决定》修正)


 
CONTENTS 目录

 
CHAPTER I GENERAL PROVISIONS 第一章 总则

 
CHAPTER II REGISTRATION FOR EXPLORATION OF MINERAL RESOURCES AND EXAMINATION AND APPROVAL OF MINING 第二章 矿产资源勘查的登记和开采的审批

 
CHAPTER III EXPLORATION OF MINERAL RESOURCES 第三章 矿产资源的勘查

 
CHAPTER IV MINING OF MINERAL RESOURCES 第四章 矿产资源的开采

 
CHAPTER V COLLECTIVELY-OWNED MINING ENTERPRISES AND PRIVATELY-OWNED MINING UNDERTAKINGS 第五章 集体矿山企业和个体采矿

 
CHAPTER VI LEGAL LIABILITY 第六章 法律责任

 
CHAPTER VII SUPPLEMENTARY PROVISIONS 第七章 附则

 

CHAPTER I GENERAL PROVISIONS 第一章 总则


 
Article 1 This Law is enacted in accordance with the Constitution of the People's Republic of China, with a view to developing the mining industry, promoting the exploration, development, utilization and protection of mineral resources and ensuring the present and long-term needs of the socialist modernization programme.   第一条 为了发展矿业,加强矿产资源的勘查、开发利用和保护工作,保障社会主义现代化建设的当前和长远的需要,根据中华人民共和国宪法,特制定本法。

 
Article 2 This Law must be observed in exploring and mining mineral resources within the territory of the People's Republic of China and the marine areas under its jurisdiction.   第二条 在中华人民共和国领域及管辖海域勘查、开采矿产资源,必须遵守本法。

 
Article 3 Mineral resources belong to the State. The rights of State ownership in mineral resources is exercised by the State Council. State ownership of mineral resources, either near the earth's surface or underground, shall not change with the alteration of ownership or right to the use of the land which the mineral resources are attached to.   第三条 矿产资源属于国家所有,由国务院行使国家对矿产资源的所有权。地表或者地下的矿产资源的国家所有权,不因其所依附的土地的所有权或者使用权的不同而改变。

The State safeguards the rational development and utilization of mineral resources. Seizing or damaging mineral resources by any means and by any organization or individual shall be prohibited. People's governments at various levels must make serious efforts to protect mineral resources.
 
国家保障矿产资源的合理开发利用。禁止任何组织或者个人用任何手段侵占或者破坏矿产资源。各级人民政府必须加强矿产资源的保护工作。

Anyone who wishes to explore or mine mineral resources shall separately make an application according to law and shall register after obtaining the right of exploration or mining upon approval, with the exception of the mining enterprises that have, in accordance with law, applied for and obtained the right of mining and are conducting exploration within the designated mining area for the purpose of their own production. The State protects the right of exploration and of mining from encroachment and protects the order of production and other work in the mining and exploration areas from interference and disruption.
 
勘查、开采矿产资源,必须依法分别申请、经批准取得探矿权、采矿权,并办理登记;但是,已经依法申请取得采矿权的矿山企业在划定的矿区范围内为本企业的生产而进行的勘查除外。国家保护探矿权和采矿权不受侵犯,保障矿区和勘查作业区的生产秩序、工作秩序不受影响和破坏。

Anyone engaged in exploring and mining of mineral resources shall meet the prescribed qualifications.
 
从事矿产资源勘查和开采的,必须符合规定的资质条件。

 
Article 4 The State protects the lawful rights and interests of mining enterprises, established in accordance with law, in mining of mineral resources.   第四条 国家保障依法设立的矿山企业开采矿产资源的合法权益。

The State-owned mining enterprises are the mainstay in mining mineral resources. The State guarantees the consolidation and expansion of State-owned mining enterprises.
 
国有矿山企业是开采矿产资源的主体。国家保障国有矿业经济的巩固和发展。

 
Article 5 The State practises a system wherein the exploration right and mining right shall be obtained with compensation; however, the State may, in light of specific conditions, prescribe reduction of or exemption from the compensation for acquiring the exploration right and mining right. Specific measures and implementation procedures shall be formulated by the State Council.   第五条 国家实行探矿权、采矿权有偿取得的制度;但是,国家对探矿权、采矿权有偿取得的费用,可以根据不同情况规定予以减缴、免缴。具体办法和实施步骤由国务院规定。

Anyone who mines mineral resources must pay resource tax and resource compensation in accordance with relevant regulations of the State.
 
开采矿产资源,必须按照国家有关规定缴纳资源税和资源补偿费。

 
Article 6 Exploration right and mining right shall not be transferred except for the transfers made according to the following provisions:   第六条 除按下列规定可以转让外,探矿权、采矿权不得转让:

 
(1) The exploration licensees shall have the right to carry out specified explorations within the designated exploration areas and have the priority to obtain the right to mine the mineral resources in the exploration areas. The exploration licensees, after fulfilling the specified minimum input to exploration and obtaining approval in accordance with law, may transfer the exploration right to another. (一)探矿权人有权在划定的勘查作业区内进行规定的勘查作业,有权优先取得勘查作业区内矿产资源的采矿权。探矿权人在完成规定的最低勘查投入后,经依法批准,可以将探矿权转让他人。

 
(2) A mining enterprise that has obtained the mining right but needs to change the subject of the mining right, because of merger, division, forming of an equity joint venture or contractual joint venture, sale of its assets, or change of ownership of its assets in other manners, may transfer its mining right to another, subject to approval in accordance with law. (二)已取得采矿权的矿山企业,因企业合并、分立,与他人合资、合作经营,或者因企业资产出售以及有其他变更企业资产产权的情形而需要变更采矿权主体的,经依法批准可以将采矿权转让他人采矿。

The specific measures and implementation procedures concerning the provisions in the preceding paragraph shall be stipulated by the State Council.
 
前款规定的具体办法和实施步骤由国务院规定。

Profiteering in exploration right or mining right shall be prohibited.
 
禁止将探矿权、采矿权倒卖牟利。

 
Article 7 With regard to the exploration and development of mineral resources, the State applies the principles of unified planning, rational geographical distribution, multi-purpose exploration, rational mining and multi-purpose utilization.   第七条 国家对矿产资源的勘查、开发实行统一规划、合理布局、综合勘查、合理开采和综合利用的方针。

 
Article 8 The State encourages scientific and technological research on the exploration and development of mineral resources, promotes advanced technology so as to raise the scientific and technological level of mineral exploration and development.   第八条 国家鼓励矿产资源勘查、开发的科学技术研究,推广先进技术,提高矿产资源勘查、开发的科学技术水平。

 
Article 9 Any organization or individual that has achieved outstanding successes in the exploration, development and protection of mineral resources and in scientific and technological research shall be awarded by relevant people's government.   第九条 在勘查、开发、保护矿产资源和进行科学技术研究等方面成绩显著的单位和个人,由各级人民政府给予奖励。

 
Article 10 In mining mineral resources in national autonomous areas, the State should give consideration to the interests of those areas and make arrangements favourable to the areas' economic development and to the production and well-being of the local minority nationalities.   第十条 国家在民族自治地方开采矿产资源,应当照顾民族自治地方的利益,作出有利于民族自治地方经济建设的安排,照顾当地少数民族群众的生产和生活。

Self-government organs in national autonomous areas shall, in accordance with legal provisions and unified national plans, have the priority to develop and utilize in a rational manner the mineral resources that may be developed by the local authorities.
 
民族自治地方的自治机关根据法律规定和国家的统一规划,对可以由本地方开发的矿产资源,优先合理开发利用。

 
Article 11 The department in charge of geology and mineral resources under the State Council shall be responsible for supervision and administration of the exploration and mining of the mineral resources throughout the country. Other relevant competent departments under the State Council shall assist the department in charge of geology and mineral resources under the State Council in supervising and administering the exploration and mining of the mineral resources.   第十一条 国务院地质矿产主管部门主管全国矿产资源勘查、开采的监督管理工作。国务院有关主管部门协助国务院地质矿产主管部门进行矿产资源勘查、开采和监督管理工作。

The departments in charge of geology and mineral resources under the people's governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government shall be in charge of supervision and administration of the exploration and mining of the mineral resources within their respective administrative areas. Other relevant departments under the people's governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government shall assist the departments in charge of geology and mineral resources at the corresponding levels in supervising and administering the exploration and mining of the mineral resources.
 
省、自治区、直辖市人民政府地质矿产主管部门主管本行政区域内矿产资源勘查、开采的监督管理工作。省、自治区、直辖市人民政府有关主管部门协助同级地质矿产主管部门进行矿产资源勘查、开采的监督管理工作。

 

CHAPTER II REGISTRATION FOR EXPLORATION OF MINERAL RESOURCES AND EXAMINATION AND APPROVAL OF MINING 第二章 矿产资源勘查的登记和开采的审批


 
Article 12 The State practises a unified regional registration system for exploration of mineral resources. The department in charge of geology and mineral resources under the State Council shall be responsible for the registration of exploration of mineral resources. The State Council may authorize other relevant competent departments to handle the registration of exploration of specified minerals. Measures for regional registration of exploration of mineral resources shall be formulated by the State Council.   第十二条 国家对矿产资源勘查实行统一的区块登记管理制度。矿产资源勘查登记工作,由国务院地质矿产主管部门负责;特定矿种的矿产资源勘查登记工作,可以由国务院授权有关主管部门负责。矿产资源勘查区块登记管理办法由国务院制定。

 
Article 13 The department in charge of examination and approval of mineral reserves under the State Council or departments in charge of examination and approval of mineral reserves of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government shall be responsible for the examination and approval of the prospecting reports to be used for mining construction designing and shall, within the prescribed time limit, give official replies to the units that submitted the reports. Unless it is approved, a prospecting report may not be used as the basis for mining construction designing.   第十三条 国务院矿产储量审批机构或者省、自治区、直辖市矿产储量审批机构负责审查批准供矿山建设设计使用的勘探报告,并在规定的期限内批复报送单位。勘探报告未经批准,不得作为矿山建设设计的依据。

 
Article 14 Archives of mineral exploration results and statistical data of reserves of various minerals shall be subject to unified management, and shall be collected or compiled for submission in accordance with the regulations of the State Council.   第十四条 矿产资源勘查成果档案资料和各类矿产储量的统计资料,实行统一的管理制度,按照国务院规定汇交或者填报。

 
Article 15 Anyone who wishes to establish a mining enterprise must meet the qualifications prescribed by the State, and the department in charge of examination and approval shall, in accordance with law and relevant State regulations examine the enterprise's mining area, its mining design or mining plan, production and technological conditions and safety and environmental protection measures. Only those that pass the examination shall be granted approval.   第十五条 设立矿山企业,必须符合国家规定的资质条件,并依照法律和国家有关规定,由审批机关对其矿区范围、矿山设计或者开采方案、生产技术条件、安全措施和环境保护措施等进行审查;审查合格的,方予批准。

 
Article 16 Anyone who wishes to mine the following mineral resources shall be subject to examination and approval by the department in charge of geology and mineral resources under the State Council, which shall also issue a mining license:   第十六条 开采下列矿产资源的,由国务院地质矿产主管部门审批,并颁发采矿许可证:

 
(1) those within the mining areas embraced in State plans or within the mining areas which are of great value to the national economy; (一)国家规划矿区和对国民经济具有重要价值的矿区内的矿产资源;

 
(2) those outside the areas mentioned in the preceding sub-paragraph, and where the minable mineral reserves are at least of a large quantity; (二)前项规定区域以外可供开采的矿产储量规模在大型以上的矿产资源;

 
(3) specified minerals of which protective mining is prescribed by the State; (三)国家规定实行保护性开采的特定矿种;

 
(4) those in the territorial seas and other sea areas under China's jurisdiction; and (四)领海及中国管辖的其他海域的矿产资源;

 
(5) other mineral resources as prescribed by the State Council. (五)国务院规定的其他矿产资源。

The competent departments authorized by the State Council may conduct examination of and grant approval to mining of such specified minerals as oil, natural gas, radioactive minerals and issue mining licenses.
 
开采石油、天然气、放射性矿产等特定矿种的,可以由国务院授权的有关主管部门审批,并颁发采矿许可证。

The mining of mineral resources that are not covered by the provisions of paragraphs 1 and 2 and the mineable reserves of which are of medium quantity shall be subject to examination and approval by the departments in charge of geology and mineral resources under the people's governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government, which shall issue mining licenses.
 
开采第一款、第二款规定以外的矿产资源,其可供开采的矿产的储量规模为中型的,由省、自治区、直辖市人民政府地质矿产主管部门审批和颁发采矿许可证。

Measures for the administration of the mining of mineral resources not covered by the provisions of paragraphs 1, 2 and 3 shall be formulated by the standing committees of the people's congresses of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government according to law.
 
开采第一款、第二款和第三款规定以外的矿产资源的管理办法,由省、自治区、直辖市人民代表大会常务委员会依法制定。

Where examination and approval are conducted and mining licenses are issued under the provisions of paragraph 3 and paragraph 4, the departments in charge of geology and mineral resources under the people's governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government shall collect the cases and submit them to the department in charge of geology and mineral resources under the State Council for the record.
 
依照第三款、第四款的规定审批和颁发采矿许可证的,由省、自治区、直辖市人民政府地质矿产主管部门汇总向国务院地质矿产主管部门备案。

The standards for large and medium quantities of mineral reserves shall be formulated by the department in charge of examination and approval of mineral reserves under the State Council.
 
矿产储量规模的大型、中型的划分标准,由国务院矿产储量审批机构规定。

 
Article 17 The State institutes a policy of planned mining with regard to mining areas that are embraced in State plans, mining areas that are of great value to the national economy and the specified minerals of which protective mining is prescribed by the State. Unless approved by the competent department under the State Council, no unit or individual may carry out such mining.   第十七条 国家对国家规划矿区、对国民经济具有重要价值的矿区和国家规定实行保护性开采的特定矿种,实行有计划的开采;未经国务院有关主管部门批准,任何单位和个人不得开采。

 
Article 18 After the limits for the mining areas that are embraced in State plans, the limits for mining areas that are of great value to the national economy, and the limits for mining areas of mining enterprises have been defined according to law, the competent departments that defined the limits of the mining areas shall notify the relevant people's governments at the county level to announce them.   第十八条 国家规划矿区的范围、对国民经济具有重要价值的矿区的范围、矿山企业矿区的范围依法划定后,由划定矿区范围的主管机关通知有关县级人民政府予以公告。

If a mining enterprise wishes to change the limits of its mining area, it must apply to the department that examined or approved of the limits for approval and apply to the department that issued the mining license for reissue of a mining license after verification.
 
矿山企业变更矿区范围,必须报请原审批机关批准,并报请原颁发采矿许可证的机关重新核发采矿许可证。

 
Article 19 The local people's governments at various levels shall adopt measures to maintain normal order in the mining areas of State-owned mining enterprises and other mining enterprises within their respective administrative areas.   第十九条 地方各级人民政府应当采取措施,维护本行政区域内的国有矿山企业和其他矿山企业矿区范围内的正常秩序。

No unit or individual may enter and carry out mining in the mining areas of a State-owned mining enterprise or other mining enterprise that was established according to law.
 
禁止任何单位和个人进入他人依法设立的国有矿山企业和其他矿山企业矿区范围内采矿。

 
Article 20 Unless approved by the competent departments authorized by the State Council, no one may mine mineral resources in the following places:   第二十条 非经国务院授权的有关主管部门同意,不得在下列地区开采矿产资源:

 
(1) within delimited areas of harbours, airports and national defence projects or installations; (一)港口、机场、国防工程设施圈定地区以内;

 
(2) within a certain distance from important industrial districts, largescale water conservancy works or municipal engineering installations of cities and towns; (二)重要工业区、大型水利工程设施、城镇市政工程设施附近一定距离以内;

 
(3) within certain limits on both sides of railways and important highways; (三)铁路、重要公路两侧一定距离以内;

 
(4) within certain limits on both sides of important rivers and embankments; (四)重要河流、堤坝两侧一定距离以内;

 
(5) nature reserves and important scenic spots designated by the State, major sites of immovable historical relics and places of historical interest and scenic beauty that are under State protection; and (五)国家规定的自然保护区、重要风景区,国家重点保护的不能移动的历史文物和名胜古迹所在地;

 
(6) other areas where mineral mining is prohibited by the State. (六)国家规定不得开采矿产资源的其他地区。

 
Article 21 If a mine is to be closed down, a report must be prepared with information about the mining operations, hidden dangers, land reclamation and utilization, and environmental protection, and an application for examination and approval must be filed in accordance with relevant State regulations.   第二十一条 关闭矿山,必须提出矿山闭坑报告及有关采掘工程、不安全隐患、土地复垦利用、环境保护的资料,并按照国家规定报请审查批准。

 
Article 22 If, in the course of mineral exploration or mining, rare geological phenomena or ancient cultural remains of significant scientific and cultural value are discovered, they shall be protected and reported immediately to the relevant departments.   第二十二条 勘查、开采矿产资源时,发现具有重大科学文化价值的罕见地质现象以及文化古迹,应当加以保护并及时报告有关部门。

 

CHAPTER III EXPLORATION OF MINERAL RESOURCES 第三章 矿产资源的勘查


 
Article 23 Regional geological surveys shall be carried out in accordance with the unified State plan. Reports on regional geological surveys and the appended maps and other data shall be examined for acceptance in accordance with State regulations and then provided to relevant departments for use.   第二十三条 区域地质调查按照国家统一规划进行。区域地质调查的报告和图件按照国家规定验收,提供有关部门使用。

 
Article 24 In conducting a general survey of mineral resources, after completing survey of the major minerals, a preliminary comprehensive assessment shall be made of theminerogenetic conditions involving all paragenetic or associated minerals and of the industrial perspective of the mineral deposits in the area being surveyed.   第二十四条 矿产资源普查在完成主要矿种普查任务的同时,应当对工作区内包括共生或者伴生矿产的成矿地质条件和矿床工业远景作出初步综合评价。

 
Article 25 In prospecting for mineral deposits, a comprehensive assessment of the paragenetic and associated minerals of commercial value within the mining area must be made and their reserves calculated. Any prospecting report without such comprehensive assessment shall not be approved. However, an exception shall be made of those mineral deposits for which the planning department under the State Council has made other stipulations.   第二十五条 矿床勘探必须对矿区内具有工业价值的共生和伴生矿产进行综合评价,并计算其储量。未作综合评价的勘探报告不予批准。但是,国务院计划部门另有规定的矿床勘探项目除外。

 
Article 26 In conducting general surveys and prospecting for special fragile nonmetallic minerals, fluid minerals, combustible, explosive and soluble minerals and minerals containing radioactive elements, methods prescribed by the relevant departments under the people's governments at or above the provincial level must be used, and necessary technical installations must be provided and safety measures applied.   第二十六条 普查、勘探易损坏的特种非金属矿产、流体矿产、易燃易爆易溶矿产和含有放射性元素的矿产,必须采用省级以上人民政府有关主管部门规定的普查、勘探方法,并有必要的技术装备和安全措施。

 
Article 27 The original geological record, maps and other data of mineral exploration, rock cores, test samples, specimens of other material objects, and various exploration marks shall be protected and preserved in accordance with relevant regulations.   第二十七条 矿产资源勘查的原始地质编录和图件,岩矿心、测试样品和其他实物标本资料,各种勘查标志,应当按照有关规定保护和保存。

 
Article 28 Prospecting reports on mineral deposits and other valuable exploration data shall be provided for use with compensation in accordance with the regulations of the State Council.   第二十八条 矿床勘探报告及其他有价值的勘查资料,按照国务院规定实行有偿使用。

 

CHAPTER IV MINING OF MINERAL RESOURCES 第四章 矿产资源的开采


 
Article 29 In mining mineral resources, a mining enterprise must adopt rational mining sequence and methods and proper ore-dressing technique. It shall see to it that the recovery rate and impoverishment rate in mining and recovery rate in ore-dressing meet the design requirements.   第二十九条 开采矿产资源,必须采取合理的开采顺序、开采方法和选矿工艺。矿山企业的开采回采率、采矿贫化率和选矿回收率应当达到设计要求。

 
Article 30 While mining major minerals, a mining enterprise shall, in accordance with a unified plan, carry out comprehensive mining and utilization of paragenetic and associated minerals that are of industrial value, so as to avoid waste. It shall adopt effective protective measures to avoid loss and damage to ores that cannot be mined in a comprehensive way or that must be mined simultaneously but cannot be comprehensively utilized for the time being, and to tailings containing useful components.   第三十条 在开采主要矿产的同时,对具有工业价值的共生和伴生矿产应当统一规划,综合开采,综合利用,防止浪费;对暂时不能综合开采或者必须同时采出而暂时还不能综合利用的矿产以及含有有用组分的尾矿,应当采取有效的保护措施,防止损失破坏。

 
Article 31 In mining mineral resources, a mining enterprise or individual must abide by State regulations regarding labour, safety and health and have the necessary conditions to ensure safety in production.   第三十一条 开采矿产资源,必须遵守国家劳动安全卫生规定,具备保障安全生产的必要条件。

 
Article 32 In mining mineral resources, a mining enterprise or individual must observe the legal provisions on environmental protection to prevent pollution of the environment.   第三十二条 开采矿产资源,必须遵守有关环境保护的法律规定,防止污染环境。

In mining mineral resources, a mining enterprise or individual must economize on the use of land. In case cultivated land, grassland or forest land is damaged due to mining, the mining enterprise concerned shall take measures to utilize the land affected, such as by reclamation, tree and grass planting, as appropriate to the local conditions.
 
开采矿产资源,应当节约用地。耕地、草原、林地因采矿受到破坏的,矿山企业应当因地制宜地采取复垦利用、植树种草或者其他利用措施。

Anyone who, in mining mineral resources, causes losses to the production and well-being of other persons shall be liable for compensation and shall adopt necessary remedial measures.
 
开采矿产资源给他人生产、生活造成损失的,应当负责赔偿,并采取必要的补救措施。

 
Article 33 Before the construction of railways, factories, reservoirs, oil pipelines, transmission lines and various large structures or architectural complexes, the units responsible for the construction must obtain information from the departments in charge of geology and mineral resources under the local people's governments of provinces, autonomous regions, or municipalities directly under the Central government about the geographical distribution and mining of the mineral resources in the areas where the construction projects are to be built. Those projects shall not be constructed over important mineral deposits unless approved by departments authorized by the State Council.   第三十三条 在建设铁路、工厂、水库、输油管道、输电线路和各种大型建筑物或者建筑群之前,建设单位必须向所在省、自治区、直辖市地质矿产主管部门了解拟建工程所在地区的矿产资源分布和开采情况。非经国务院授权的部门批准,不得压覆重要矿床。

 
Article 34 Mineral products to be purchased exclusively by designated units, as prescribed by the State Council, may not be purchased by any other units or individuals; mining enterprises and individuals shall not sell their products to non-designated units.   第三十四条 国务院规定由指定的单位统一收购的矿产品,任何其他单位或者个人不得收购;开采者不得向非指定单位销售。

 

CHAPTER V COLLECTIVELY-OWNED MINING ENTERPRISES AND PRIVATELY-OWNED MINING UNDERTAKINGS 第五章 集体矿山企业和个体采矿


 
Article 35 The State applies the principles of vigorous support, rational planning, correct guidance and effective administration with regard to collectively-owned mining enterprises and privately-owned mining undertakings. It encourages collectively-owned mining enterprises to mine mineral resources within the areas designated by the State, and permits individuals to mine scattered and dispersed mineral resources, as well as sand, stone and clay that can only be used as ordinary building materials, and small amounts of minerals for their own use in daily life.   第三十五条 国家对集体矿山企业和个体采矿实行积极扶持、合理规划、正确引导、加强管理的方针,鼓励集体矿山企业开采国家指定范围内的矿产资源,允许个人采挖零星分散资源和只能用作普通建筑材料的砂、石、粘土以及为生活自用采挖少量矿产。

Mineral resources that are suited to mining by mining enterprises in terms of the quantity of reserves, specified minerals of which protective mining is prescribed by the State, and other mineral resources of which mining by individuals is prohibited by the State shall not be mined by individuals.
 
矿产储量规模适宜由矿山企业开采的矿产资源、国家规定实行保护性开采的特定矿种和国家规定禁止个人开采的其他矿产资源,个人不得开采。

The State provides guidance and assistance to collectively-owned mining enterprises and privately-owned mining undertakings in unceasingly raising their technical level and in increasing utilization rate of the mineral resources and the economic results.
 
国家指导、帮助集体矿山企业和个体采矿不断提高技术水平、资源利用率和经济效益。

Departments in charge of geology and mineral resources, geological units and State-owned mining enterprises shall, on the principles of vigorous support and mutual benefit, provide, with compensation, geological data and technical services to collectively-owned mining enterprises and privately-owned mining undertakings.
 
地质矿产主管部门、地质工作单位和国有矿山企业应当按照积极支持、有偿互惠的原则向集体矿山企业和个体采矿提供地质资料和技术服务。

 
Article 36 Existing collectively-owned mining enterprises, located within the mining area of a mining enterprise to be established with the approval of the State Council or the relevant competent departments under the State Council, shall be closed down or shall conduct mining in other designated areas. The unit that undertakes to open the mine shall give rational compensation to the said collectively-owned mining enterprises and make appropriate arrangements for the masses involved. Or else, according to its overall arrangement, the mining enterprise may also enter into joint operation with the said collectively-owned mining enterprises.   第三十六条 国务院和国务院有关主管部门批准开办的矿山企业矿区范围内已有的集体矿山企业,应当关闭或者到指定的其他地点开采,由矿山建设单位给予合理的补偿,并妥善安置群众生活;也可以按照该矿山企业的统筹安排,实行联合经营。

 
Article 37 Collectively-owned mining enterprises and privately-owned mining undertakings shall raise their technical level and increase the recovery rate of the mineral resources. Unauthorized and wasteful mining, which is destructive to mineral resources, shall be prohibited.   第三十七条 集体矿山企业和个体采矿应当提高技术水平,提高矿产资源回收率。禁止乱挖滥采,破坏矿产资源。

Collectively-owned mining enterprises must survey and draw maps showing the correlation between surface and underground workings.
 
集体矿山企业必须测绘井上、井下工程对照图。

 
Article 38 People's governments at or above the county level shall provide guidance and assistance to collectively-owned mining enterprises and privately-owned mining undertakings in carrying out technological updating, improving business management and ensuring safety in production.   第三十八条 县级以上人民政府应当指导、帮助集体矿山企业和个体采矿进行技术改造,改善经营管理,加强安全生产。

 

CHAPTER VI LEGAL LIABILITY 第六章 法律责任


 
Article 39 If a person, in violation of the provisions of this Law, mines without a mining license, enters and mines without authorization in a mining area that is embraced in State plan or a mining area that is of great value to the development of the national economy or mines without authorization specified minerals of which protective mining is prescribed by the State, he shall be ordered to stop mining, compensate for the losses caused, and his mineral products and unlawful proceeds shall be confiscated, and he may also be fined. If he refuses to stop mining and thus causes damage to the mineral resources, the persons who are directly responsible shall be investigated for criminal responsibility in accordance with the provisions of Article 156 of the Criminal Law.   第三十九条 违反本法规定,未取得采矿许可证擅自采矿的,擅自进入国家规划矿区、对国民经济具有重要价值的矿区范围采矿的,擅自开采国家规定实行保护性开采的特定矿种的,责令停止开采、赔偿损失,没收采出的矿产品和违法所得,可以并处罚款;拒不停止开采,造成矿产资源破坏的,依照刑法第一百五十六条的规定对直接责任人员追究刑事责任。

Any units or individuals who enter and mine in the mining areas of State-owned mining enterprises and other mining enterprises established by others in accordance with law shall be punished in accordance with the provisions of the preceding paragraph.
 
单位和个人进入他人依法设立的国有矿山企业和其他矿山企业矿区范围内采矿的,依照前款规定处罚。

 
Article 40 If a person mines beyond the approved limits of his mining area, he shall be ordered to return to and mine in his own area and compensate for the losses caused, and the mineral products extracted outside his area and his unlawful proceeds shall be confiscated, and he may also be fined. If he refuses to return to his own mining area and causes damage to the mineral resources, his mining license shall be revoked and the persons directly responsible shall be investigated for criminal responsibility in accordance with the provisions of Article 156 of the Criminal Law.   第四十条 超越批准的矿区范围采矿的,责令退回本矿区范围内开采、赔偿损失,没收越界开采的矿产品和违法所得,可以并处罚款;拒不退回本矿区范围内开采,造成矿产资源破坏的,吊销采矿许可证,依照刑法第一百五十六条的规定对直接责任人员追究刑事责任。

 
Article 41 If a person steals or plunders mineral products or other property of mining enterprises or exploration units, damages mining or exploration facilities, or disrupts order in production and other work in mining areas or areas under exploration, he shall be investigated for criminal responsibility in accordance with relevant provisions of the Criminal Law; if the case is obviously minor, he shall be punished in accordance with relevant provisions of the Regulations on Administrative Penalties for Public Security.   第四十一条 盗窃、抢夺矿山企业和勘查单位的矿产品和其他财物的,破坏采矿、勘查设施的,扰乱矿区和勘查作业区的生产秩序、工作秩序的,分别依照刑法有关规定追究刑事责任;情节显著轻微的,依照治安管理处罚条例有关规定予以处罚。

 
Article 42 If a person purchases, sells or leases mineral resources or transfers them by other means, his unlawful proceeds shall be confiscated and he shall be fined.   第四十二条 买卖、出租或者以其他形式转让矿产资源的,没收违法所得,处以罚款。

If a person, in violation of the provisions of Article 6 of this Law, profiteers in exploration right or mining right, his exploration or mining license shall be revoked and his unlawful proceeds confiscated, and he shall be fined.
 
违反本法第六条的规定将探矿权、采矿权倒卖牟利的,吊销勘查许可证、采矿许可证,没收违法所得,处以罚款。

 
Article 43 If a person, in violation of the provisions of this Law, purchases or sells mineral products which are to be purchased exclusively by the State, such products and his unlawful proceeds shall be confiscated, and he may also be fined. If the case is serious, criminal responsibility shall be investigated in accordance with the provisions of Articles 117 and 118 of the Criminal Law.   第四十三条 违反本法规定收购和销售国家统一收购的矿产品的,没收矿产品和违法所得,可以并处罚款;情节严重的,依照刑法第一百一十七条、第一百一十八条的规定,追究刑事责任。

 
Article 44 If a person, in violation of the provisions of this Law, mines mineral resources in a destructive way, he shall be fined and his mining license may be revoked; if serious damage is caused to the mineral resources, the person who are directly responsible shall be investigated for criminal responsibility in accordance with the provisions of Article 156 of the Criminal Law.   第四十四条 违反本法规定,采取破坏性的开采方法开采矿产资源的,处以罚款,可以吊销采矿许可证;造成矿产资源严重破坏的,依照刑法第一百五十六条的规定对直接责任人员追究刑事责任。

 
Article 45 The administrative penalties prescribed in Articles 39, 40 and 42 of this Law shall be meted out by the department in charge of geology and mineral resources under the people's government at or above the county level in accordance with the limits of authority stipulated by the department in charge of geology and mineral resources under the State Council. The administrative penalties prescribed in Article 43 shall be meted out by the administrative department for industry and commerce under the people's government at or above the county level. The administrative penalties prescribed in Article 44 shall be meted out by the department in charge of geology and mineral resources under the people's government of a province, autonomous region or municipality directly under the Central Government. The punishment of revoking the exploration or mining license shall be decided by the department that issued such licenses.   第四十五条 本法第三十九条、第四十条、第四十二条规定的行政处罚,由县级以上人民政府负责地质矿产管理工作的部门按照国务院地质矿产主管部门规定的权限决定。第四十三条规定的行政处罚,由县级以上人民政府工商行政管理部门决定。第四十四条规定的行政处罚,由省、自治区、直辖市人民政府地质矿产主管部门决定。给予吊销勘查许可证或者采矿许可证处罚的,须由原发证机关决定。

If a department fails to impose administrative penalties that should be imposed in accordance with the provisions of Article 39, 40, 42 or 44, the department in charge of geology and mineral resources under the people's government at a higher level shall have the authority to order a correction of such failure or impose the relevant administrative penalties directly by itself.
 
依照第三十九条、第四十条、第四十二条、第四十四条规定应当给予行政处罚而不给予行政处罚的,上级人民政府地质矿产主管部门有权责令改正或者直接给予行政处罚。

 
Article 46 If a party refuses to accept the decision on administrative penalty, it may, in accordance with law, apply for reconsideration or file a suit with the People's Court directly.   第四十六条 当事人对行政处罚决定不服的,可以依法申请复议,也可以依法直接向人民法院起诉。

If a party, within the time limit neither applies for reconsideration nor files a suit with the People's Court, or complies with the decision on punishment, the department that made the decision shall request the People's Court to enforce the decision.
 
当事人逾期不申请复议也不向人民法院起诉,又不履行处罚决定的,由作出处罚决定的机关申请人民法院强制执行。

 
Article 47 State functionaries in charge of supervision and administration of exploration and mining of mineral resources or other relevant State functionaries who commit malpractices for personal gain, abuse their power or neglect their duties, approve exploration and mining of mineral resources or issue exploration or mining licenses, in violation of this Law, or does not stop illegal mining activities and punish illegal miners, which constitutes a crime, shall be investigated for criminal responsibility; if their acts do not constitute a crime, administrative penalties shall be given. The department in charge of geology and mineral resources under the people's government at a higher level shall have the authority to revoke the exploration and mining licenses illegally issued.   第四十七条 负责矿产资源勘查、开采监督管理工作的国家工作人员和其他有关国家工作人员徇私舞弊、滥用职权或者玩忽职守,违反本法规定批准勘查、开采矿产资源和颁发勘查许可证、采矿许可证,或者对违法采矿行为不依法予以制止、处罚,构成犯罪的,依法追究刑事责任;不构成犯罪的,给予行政处分。 违法颁发的勘查许可证、采矿许可证、采矿许可证, 上级人民政府地质矿产主管部门有权予以撤销。

 
Article 48 If anyone resorts to violence or intimidation when obstructing State functionaries engaged in supervision and administration of exploration and mining of mineral resources from performing their duties according to law, he shall be investigated for criminal responsibility in accordance with the provisions of Article 157 of theCriminal Law. If he does not resort to violence or intimidation when obstructing State functionaries engaged in supervision and administration of exploration and mining of mineral resources from performing their duties according to law, he shall be punished in accordance with relevant provisions of the Regulations on Administrative Penalties for Public Security.   第四十八条 以暴力、威胁方法阻碍从事矿产资源勘查、开采监督管理工作的国家工作人员依法执行职务的,依照刑法第一百五十七条的规定追究刑事责任;拒绝、阻碍从事矿产资源勘查、开采监督管理工作的国家工作人员依法执行职务未使用暴力、威胁方法的,由公安机关依照治安管理处罚条例的规定处罚。

 
Article 49 Disputes over the limits of mining areas between mining enterprises shall be settled by the parties involved through consultation; if consultation fails, the relevant local people's government at or above the county level shall handle the matter on the basis of the limits that are verified and fixed according to law. Disputes over the limits of mining areas that straddle provinces, autonomous regions, or municipalities directly under the Central Government shall be settled by the people's governments of the relevant provinces, autonomous regions or municipalities directly under the Central Government through consultation. If consultation fails, the disputes shall be settled by the State Council.   第四十九条 矿山企业之间的矿区范围的争议,由当事人协商解决,协商不成的,由有关县级以上地方人民政府根据依法核定的矿区范围处理;跨省、自治区、直辖市的矿区范围的争议,由有关省、自治区、直辖市人民政府协商解决,协商不成的,由国务院处理。

 

CHAPTER VII SUPPLEMENTARY PROVISIONS 第七章 附则


 
Article 50 Where laws or administrative rules and regulations provide otherwise on foreign-funded exploration and mining of mineral resources, such provisions shall prevail.   第五十条 外商投资勘查、开采矿产资源,法律、行政法规另有规定的,从其规定。

 
Article 51 Before this Law goes into effect, anyone who mined mineral resources without going through approval procedures, without having the mining area delimited and without obtaining a mining license shall apply for completion of the formalities in accordance with relevant provisions of this Law.   第五十一条 本法施行以前,未办理批准手续、未划定矿区范围、未取得采矿许可证开采矿产资源的,应当依照本法有关规定申请补办手续。

 
Article 52 Specific rules for the implementation of this Law shall be formulated by the State Council.   第五十二条 本法实施细则由国务院制定。

 
Article 53 This Law shall go into effect as of October 1, 1986.

   第五十三条 本法自1986年10月1日起施行。
 

附:        刑法有关条款

 
   第一百一十七条 违反金融、外汇、金银、工商管理法规,投机倒把,情节严重的,处三年以下有期徒刑或者拘役,可以并处、单处罚金或者没收财产。
 
   第一百一十八条 以走私、投机倒把为常业的,走私、投机倒把数额巨大的或者走私、投机倒把集团的首要分子,处三年以上十年以下有期徒刑,可以并处没收财产。
 
   第一百五十六条 故意毁坏公私财物,情节严重的,处三年以下有期徒刑、拘役或者罚金。
 
   第一百五十七条 以暴力、威胁方法阻碍国家工作人员依法执行职务的,或者拒不执行人民法院已经发生法律效力的判决、裁定的,处三年以下有期徒刑、拘役、罚金或者剥夺政治权利。
 
   第一百五十八条 禁止任何人利用任何手段扰乱社会秩序。扰乱社会秩序情节严重,致使工作、生产、营业和教学、科研无法进行,国家和社会遭受严重损失的,对首要分子处五年以下有期徒刑、拘役、管制或者剥夺政治权利。
 

     
     
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