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No. 3 of the 9 Model Cases Involving Examination of Regulatory Documents Incidental to Administrative Litigation Issued by the Supreme People's Court: Yuan Xibei v. People's Government of Yudu County, Jiangxi Province (administrative collection of prices)
最高人民法院发布9起行政诉讼附带审查规范性文件典型案例之三:袁西北诉江西省于都县人民政府物价行政征收一案
【法宝引证码】

No. 3 of the 9 Model Cases Involving Examination of Regulatory Documents Incidental to Administrative Litigation Issued by the Supreme People's Court: Yuan Xibei v. People's Government of Yudu County, Jiangxi Province (administrative collection of prices)
(administrative collection of prices)
最高人民法院发布9起行政诉讼附带审查规范性文件典型案例之三:袁西北诉江西省于都县人民政府物价行政征收一案
No. 3 of the 9 Model Cases Involving Examination of Regulatory Documents Incidental to Administrative Litigation Issued by the Supreme People's Court: Yuan Xibei v. People's Government of Yudu County, Jiangxi Province (administrative collection of prices) 最高人民法院发布9起行政诉讼附带审查规范性文件典型案例之三:袁西北诉江西省于都县人民政府物价行政征收一案
1. Basic facts (一)基本案情
Yuan Xibei's residential building was in the area under the central urban area plan of Yudu County, Jiangxi Province. The People's Government of Yudu County, Jiangxi Province (hereinafter referred to as the “Yudu County Government”) authorized the Yudu County Water Supply Company to collect sewage treatment fee amounting to CNY1273.2 from Yuan Xibei according to the use of tap water at Yuan Xibei's household from February 1, 2010 to November 2015. Yuan Xibei filed a complaint with the court on the ground that the Yudu County Government's collection of the sewage treatment fee was illegal, requesting that the Yudu County Government refund all the sewage treatment fee that had been collected and that the legality of the Yudu County Implementation Plan for Collection of Urban Sewage Treatment Fees (hereinafter referred to as the “Implementation Plan”) be examined according to the law. 袁西北的住房属江西省于都县中心城区规划范围。江西省于都县人民政府(以下简称于都县政府)委托于都县自来水公司,根据袁西北户从2010年2月1日起至2015年11月的自来水使用情况,征收了袁西北户的污水处理费共计1273.2元。袁西北以于都县政府对其征收污水处理费违法为由,诉至法院,请求于都县政府全部退还已征收的污水处理费;依法对《于都县城市污水处理费征收工作实施方案》(以下简称《实施方案》)的合法性进行审查。
2. Adjudication (二)裁判结果
The Higher People's Court of Jiangxi Province, as the court of second instance, held: Paragraphs 3 and 4, Article 44 of the Water Pollution Prevention and Control Law of the People's Republic of China provided that, “entities operating such facilities shall provide paid services of sewage treatment for entities discharging pollutants in accordance with the relevant state provisions, charge for sewage treatment and guarantee the normal operation of such facilities... The specific measures governing the charge for sewage treatment with urban sewage concentrated treatment facilities as well as the administration and use of such facilities shall be determined by the State Council.” Article 32 of the Regulation on Urban Drainage and Sewage Treatment as issued by the State Council provided, “Drainage entities and individuals shall pay the sewage treatment fee in accordance with the relevant provisions of the state.” Article 8 of the Measures for the Administration of the Collection and Use of Sewage Treatment Fees (hereinafter referred to as the “Administrative Measures”) as issued by the Ministry of Finance of the People's Republic of China and the National Development and Reform Commission of the People's Republic of China provided that, “An entity or individual that discharges sewage or wastewater through urban drainage and sewage treatment facilities shall pay sewage treatment fees.” The Notice on Unified Adjustment of Provincial Urban Sewage Treatment Fee Collection Standards (No. 135 [2010], Fee Collection, DRC, Jiangxi) as issued by the Development and Reform Commission of Jiangxi Province and the Official Reply on Confirming Collection Standards for Urban Sewage Treatment Fees of Yudu City (No. 15 [2010], Fees, Price Bureau, Ganzhou City) as issued by the Ganzhou City Price Bureau both specified the scope of collection: “all water using entities or individuals that discharge sewage up to standard to the urban sewage pipe network and centralized sewage treatment facilities within the urban centralized sewage treatment planning area.” However, the scope of collection of sewage treatment fees determined by the Implementation Plan was extended to “all enterprises, entities and individuals that use urban water supply within the planning area of the central urban area of Yudu County,” violated laws, regulations, rules and the regulatory documents of higher-level administrative agencies, and cannot be used as the legal basis for the Yudu County Government to collect sewage treatment fees from Yuan Xibei. In the case that Yuan Xibei had not discharged sewage into the urban sewage pipe network and centralized sewage treatment facilities, the sewage treatment fee which the Yudu County Government collected from Yuan Xibei had no factual or legal basis and should be returned. Therefore, a judgment was entered to revoke the conduct of the Yudu County Government to collect the sewage treatment fee from Yuan Xibei and order the Yudu County Government to return the CNY1273.2 sewage treatment fee to Yuan Xibei within 30 days from the effective date of the judgment. Later, the Higher People's Court of Jiangxi Province delivered judicial recommendations to the Yudu County Government, recommending it to amend the relevant provisions of the case-related regulatory document. 江西省高级人民法院二审认为,《中华人民共和国水污染防治法》第四十四条第三款、第四款规定,城镇污水集中处理设施的运营单位按照国家规定向排污者提供污水处理的有偿服务,收取污水处理费用,保证污水集中处理设施的正常运行。城镇污水集中处理设施的污水处理收费、管理以及使用的具体办法,由国务院规定。国务院《城镇排水与污水处理条例》第三十二条规定,排水单位和个人应当按照国家有关规定缴纳污水处理费。中华人民共和国财政部、中华人民共和国国家发展和改革委员会《污水处理费征收使用管理办法》(以下简称《管理办法》)第八条规定,向城镇排水与污水处理设施排放污水、废水的单位和个人应当缴纳污水处理费。江西省发改委赣发改收费字[2010]135号《关于统一调整全省城市污水处理费征收标准的通知》及赣州市物价局赣市价费字[2010]15号《关于核定于都县城市污水处理费征收标准的批复》确定的征收范围均明确是“在城市污水集中处理规划区范围内向城市排污管网和污水集中处理设施排放达标污水的所有用水单位和个人”。但《实施方案》所确定的污水处理费征收范围却扩大至“于都县中心城区规划区范围内所有使用城市供水的企业、单位和个人”,违反法律法规规章及上级行政机关规范性文件规定,不能作为于都县政府征收袁西北污水处理费的合法性依据。在袁西北未向城市排污管网和污水集中处理设施排放污水的情况下,于都县政府向其征收污水处理费没有事实和法律依据,应予返还。故判决撤销于都县政府征收袁西北城市污水处理费的行为,责令于都县政府于判决生效之日起三十日内向袁西北返还1273.2元污水处理费。此后,江西省高级人民法院向于都县政府发送司法建议,建议其对涉案规范性文件的相关条款予以修改。
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