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Guiding Case No. 98: Zhang Qingfu and Zhang Diankai v. Zhu Zhenbiao (dispute over right to life)
指导案例98号:张庆福、张殿凯诉朱振彪生命权纠纷案
【法宝引证码】
  • Type of Dispute: Civil-->Personality Rights
  • Legal document: Ruling
  • Judgment date: 02-28-2018
  • Date issued: 12-19-2018

Guiding Case No. 98: Zhang Qingfu and Zhang Diankai v. Zhu Zhenbiao (dispute over right to life) 指导案例98号:张庆福、张殿凯诉朱振彪生命权纠纷案
(Issued on December 19, 2018 as deliberated and adopted by the Judicial Committee of the Supreme People's Court) (最高人民法院审判委员会讨论通过2018年12月19日发布)
Guiding Case No. 98 指导案例98号
Keywords: 关键词
civil; right to life; doing boldly what is righteous 民事/生命权/见义勇为
Key Points of Judgment 裁判要点
Where an actor does an act of preventing a trespasser from fleeing, without a statutory duty or statutory or agreed obligation to do so, in order to protect the state or public interest or the safety of the person or property of another person, the people's court may determine such act as that of doing boldly what is righteous. 行为人非因法定职责、法定义务或约定义务,为保护国家、社会公共利益或者他人的人身、财产安全,实施阻止不法侵害者逃逸的行为,人民法院可以认定为见义勇为。
Legal Provisions 相关法条
Article 6 of the Tort Law of the People's Republic of China 中华人民共和国侵权责任法》第6条
Article 70 of the Road Traffic Safety Law of the People's Republic of China 中华人民共和国道路交通安全法》第70条
Basic Facts 基本案情
Plaintiffs Zhang Qingfu and Zhang Diankai alleged that: On January 9, 2017, defendant Zhu Zhenbiao drove an Audi-branded vehicle to chase Zhang Yonghuan riding a motorcycle. Later, Zhang Yonghuan abandoned his motorcycle and continued the flight, and defendant Zhu Zhenbiao also got off and continued the chase, eventually causing Zhang Yonghuan to be killed in a collision with a train in location 90 kilometers plus 495 meters (Luannan Section) on the Qiancao Line. In the process of the chase, Zhu Zhenbiao disseminated and transmitted the misinformation that Zhang Yonghuan ran into and killed a person. After Zhang Yonghuan said that he would commit suicide and attempted it, Zhu Zhenbiao proceeded with the chase nevertheless in excess of necessity. In the course of the chase, Zhu Zhenbiao carried a wooden stool and wooden stick in the hand, which posed a threat to the life of Zhang Yonghuan, and verbally abused him several times. Since Zhu Zhenbiao was subjectively intentional and manifestly at fault with respect to the death of Zhang Yonghuan, he should be liable to compensate for the latter's death. 原告张庆福、张殿凯诉称: 2017年1月9日,被告朱振彪驾驶奥迪小轿车追赶骑摩托车的张永焕。后张永焕弃车在前面跑,被告朱振彪也下车在后面继续追赶,最终导致张永焕在迁曹线90公里495米处(滦南路段)撞上火车身亡。朱振彪在追赶过程中散布和传递了张永焕撞死人的失实信息;在张永焕用语言表示自杀并撞车实施自杀行为后,朱振彪仍然追赶,超过了必要限度;追赶过程中,朱振彪手持木凳、木棍,对张永焕的生命造成了威胁,并数次漫骂张永焕,对张永焕的死亡存在主观故意和明显过错,对张永焕死亡应承担赔偿责任。
Defendant Zhu Zhenbiao contended that as his act of chasing Zhang Yonghuan, the hit-and-run motorcyclist, was that of doing boldly what is righteous, for which defendant was not at fault subjectively, illegal objectively, and there is no causation between this act and the death of Zhang Yonghuan, and thus defendant did not have tort liability for the accidental death of Zhang Yonghuan. 被告朱振彪辩称:被告追赶交通肇事逃逸者张永焕的行为属于见义勇为行为,主观上无过错,客观上不具有违法性,该行为与张永焕死亡结果之间不存在因果关系,对张永焕的意外死亡不承担侵权责任。
The court found upon trial: At about 11 on the morning of January 9, 2017, Zhang Yonghuan traveled by motorcycle from south to north along the Guliu Route to the gate of Qingtuo Pengsheng Aquatic Products and ran into the back of the motorcycle by which Zhang Yulai traveled in the same direction without a license. Zhang Yonghuan and Zhang Yulai fell on the ground and were injured, with the motorcycles damaged. Zhang Yonghuan stood up and fled the scene by motorcycle. The Caofeidian traffic police authority determined in respect of the accident that Zhang Yonghuan was primarily liable and Zhang Yulai had secondary liability. 法院经审理查明:2017年1月9日上午11时许,张永焕由南向北驾驶两轮摩托车行驶至古柳线青坨鹏盛水产门口,与张雨来无证驾驶同方向行驶的无牌照两轮摩托车追尾相撞,张永焕跌倒、张雨来倒地受伤、摩托车受损,后张永焕起身驾驶摩托车驶离现场。此事故经曹妃甸交警部门认定:张永焕负主要责任,张雨来负次要责任。
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