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Guiding Case No. 106: People v. Xie Jianjun, Gao Lei, Gao Erqiao, and Yang Zebin (Case of Establishing or Running a Casino)
指导案例106号:谢检军、高垒、高尔樵、杨泽彬开设赌场案
【法宝引证码】

Guiding Case No. 106: People v. Xie Jianjun, Gao Lei, Gao Erqiao, and Yang Zebin (Case of Establishing or Running a Casino) 指导案例106号:谢检军、高垒、高尔樵、杨泽彬开设赌场案
(Issued on December 25, 2018 as deliberated and adopted by the Judicial Committee of the Supreme People's Court) (最高人民法院审判委员会讨论通过2018年12月25日发布)
Guiding Case No. 106 指导案例106号
Keywords: 关键词
criminal; crime of establishing or running a casino; online gambling; WeChat group; cash gift grabs in a WeChat group 刑事/开设赌场罪/网络赌博/微信群/微信群抢红包
Key Points of Judgment 裁判要点
An act of, for profits, inviting persons to join a WeChat group, exercising control and management by a WeChat group, organizing gambling by means of cash gift grabs, and continuing to organize gambling activities for a period of time constitutes " establishing or running a casino" as provided in paragraph 2, Article 303 of the Criminal Law谨防骗子 . 以营利为目的,通过邀请人员加入微信群,利用微信群进行控制管理,以抢红包方式进行赌博,在一段时间内持续组织赌博活动的行为,属于刑法北京大学互联网法律中心三百零三条第二款规定的“开设赌场”。
Legal Provisions 相关法条
Paragraph 2, Article 303 of the Criminal Law of the People's Republic of China 中华人民共和国刑法》第303条北大法宝,版权所有第2款
Basic Facts北大法宝,版权所有 基本案情
During his stay in Xiaoshan District, Hangzhou City from September 2015 to November 2015, Xiang A (here and below, given name withheld), respectively together with defendants Xie Jianjun, Gao Lei, Gao Erqiao, Yang Zebin and others, invited others to join WeChat groups established by them and facilitated others in gambling by grabbing cash gifts in the WeChat groups, for profits. During the period, defendants Xie Jianjun, Gao Lei, Gao Erqiao, and Yang Zebin respectively helped Xiang A give out cash gifts on behalf in gambling cash gifting WeChat groups and received benefits out of the commissions based on the number of gambling cash gifts issued. 2015年9月至2015年11月,向某(已判决)在杭州市萧山区活动期间,分别伙同被告人谢检军、高垒、高尔樵、杨泽彬等人,以营利为目的,邀请他人加入其建立的微信群,组织他人在微信群里采用抢红包的方式进行赌博。期间,被告人谢检军、高垒、高尔樵、杨泽彬分别帮助向某在赌博红包群内代发红包,并根据发出赌博红包的个数,从抽头款中分得好处费。
Judgment 裁判结果
The People's Court of Xiaoshan District of Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province entered the Criminal  (No. 1736 [2016] First, Criminal Division, 0109, Zhe) on November 9, 2016: (1) Defendant Xie Jianjun was guilty of establishing or running a casino and should be sentenced to a fixed-term imprisonment of three years and six months in addition to a fine of 25,000 yuan. (2) Defendant Gao Lei was guilty of establishing or running a casino and should be sentenced to a fixed-term imprisonment of three years and three months in addition to a fine of 20,000 yuan. (3) Defendant Gao Erqiao was guilty of establishing or running a casino and should be sentenced to a fixed-term imprisonment of three years and three months in addition to a fine of 15,000 yuan. (4) Defendant Yang Zebin was guilty of establishing or running a casino and should be sentenced to a fixed-term imprisonment of three years in addition to a fine of 10,000 yuan. (5) The six mobile phones used by the four defendants in the crime transferred with the case should be confiscated and turned over to the state treasury. The illicit money derived by the four defendants from the crime which had not been recovered should continue to be recovered. After the  was pronounced, Xie Jianjun, Gao Erqiao and Yang Zebin were dissatisfied and respectively appealed to the Intermediate People's Court of Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province. The Intermediate People's Court of Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province entered the Criminal  (No. 1143 [2016], Final, Criminal Division, 01, Zhe) on December 29, 2016: (1) The conviction parts in (1) through (4) and the part relating to the confiscation of tools for criminal use and recovery of illicit money in (5) in the Criminal  (No. 1736 [2016] First, Criminal Division, 0109, Zhe) entered by the People's Court of Xiaoshan District of Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province should be affirmed. (2) The sentencing parts in (1) through (4) in the Criminal  (No. 1736 [2016] First, Criminal Division, 0109, Zhe) entered by the Xiaoshan District People's Court of Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province should be set aside. (3) Appellant (defendant in the original trial) Xie Jianjun was guilty of establishing or running a casino and should be sentenced to a fixed-term imprisonment of three years in addition to a fine of 25,000 yuan. 4. Defendant in the original trial Gao Lei was guilty of establishing or running a casino and should be sentenced to a fixed-term imprisonment of two years and six months in addition to a fine of 20,000 yuan. (5) Appellant (defendant in the original trial) Gao Erqiao was guilty of establishing or running a casino and should be sentenced to a fixed-term imprisonment of two years and six months in addition to a fine of 15,000 yuan. (6) Appellant (defendant in the original trial) Yang Zebin was guilty of establishing or running a casino and should be sentenced to a fixed-term imprisonment of one year and six months in addition to a fine of 10,000 yuan. 浙江省杭州市萧山区人民法院于2016年11月9日作出(2016)浙0109刑初1736号刑事判决:一、被告人谢检军犯开设赌场罪,判处有期徒刑三年六个月,并处罚金人民币25000元。二、被告人高垒犯开设赌场罪,判处有期徒刑三年三个月,并处罚金人民币20000元。三、被告人高尔樵犯开设赌场罪,判处有期徒刑三年三个月,并处罚金人民币15000元。四、被告人杨泽彬犯开设赌场罪,判处有期徒刑三年,并处罚金人民币10000元。五、随案移送的四被告人犯罪所用工具手机6只予以没收,上缴国库;尚未追回的四被告人犯罪所得赃款,继续予以追缴。宣判后,谢检军、高尔樵、杨泽彬不服,分别向浙江省杭州市中级人民法院提出上诉。浙江省杭州市中级人民法院于2016年12月29日作出(2016)浙01刑终1143号刑事判决:一、维持杭州市萧山区人民法院(2016)浙0109刑初1736号刑事判决第一项、第二项、第三项、第四项的定罪部分及第五项没收犯罪工具、追缴赃款部分。二、撤销杭州市萧山区人民法院(2016)浙0109刑初1736号刑事判决第一项、第二项、第三项、第四项的量刑部分。三、上诉人(原审被告人)谢检军犯开设赌场罪,判处有期徒刑三年,并处罚金人民币25000元。四、原审被告人高垒犯开设赌场罪,判处有期徒刑二年六个月,并处罚金人民币20000元。五、上诉人(原审被告人)高尔樵犯开设赌场罪,判处有期徒刑二年六个月,并处罚金人民币15000元。六、上诉人(原审被告人)杨泽彬犯开设赌场罪,判处有期徒刑一年六个月,并处罚金人民币10000元。
Judgment's Reasoning 裁判理由
The effective court  held that: An act of, for profits, by inviting persons to join a WeChat group, exercising control and management by a WeChat group, organizing gambling by means of cash gift grabs, setting gambling rules, and continuing to organize gambling activities for a period of time was " establishing or running a casino" as provided in paragraph 2, Article 303 of the Criminal Law . Xie Jianjun, Gao Lei, Gao Erqiao, and Yang Zebin established or ran a casino together with others, each committed the crime of establishing or running a casino, and had serious circumstances. Xie Jianjun, Gao Lei, Gao Erqiao and Yang Zebin had a relatively minor position and role in the joint crime and were all accessories. The original  was inappropriate in determining accessories, which should be corrected according to the law so that Xie Jianjun was gave a lighter punishment, and Gao Erqiao, Yang Zebin and Gao Lei were each given mitigated punishment. Yang Zebin voluntarily surrendered after the crime and truthfully confessed to his crime. His voluntary surrender entitled him to a lighter punishment according to the law. Xie Jianjun, Gao Erqiao and Gao Lei confessed to the facts of their crime truthfully after being taken into custody and should be given a lighter punishment according to the law. As Xie Jianjun, Gao Erqiao, Yang Zebin and Gao Lei returned their illicit money after the case was discovered, and the family of Yang Zebin representing him in returning his illicit money during the second trial, each was given a lighter punishment according to the circumstances. 法院生效裁判认为,以营利为目的,通过邀请人员加入微信群,利用微信群进行控制管理,以抢红包方式进行赌博,设定赌博规则,在一段时间内持续组织赌博活动的行为,属于刑法三百零三条第二款规定的“开设赌场”。谢检军、高垒、高尔樵、杨泽彬伙同他人开设赌场,均已构成开设赌场罪,且系情节严重。谢检军、高垒、高尔樵、杨泽彬在共同犯罪中地位和作用较轻,均系从犯,原判未认定从犯不当,依法予以纠正,并对谢检军予以从轻处罚,对高尔樵、杨泽彬、高垒均予以减轻处罚。杨泽彬犯罪后自动投案,并如实供述自己的罪行,系自首,依法予以从轻处罚。谢检军、高尔樵、高垒到案后如实供述犯罪事实,依法予以从轻处罚。谢检军、高尔樵、杨泽彬、高垒案发后退赃,二审审理期间杨泽彬的家人又代为退赃,均酌情予以从轻处罚。
(Judges of the effective : Qian Anding, Hu Rong, and Zhang Maoxin) (生效裁判审判人员:钱安定、胡荣、张茂鑫)
     
     
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