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Zhejiang Jinhua Water Supply Company v. Jiangxi Sanqingshan Administrative Committee (Dispute over Associated Construction of Ropeway)
浙江金华市自来水公司诉江西三清山管委会联营建设索道纠纷案
【法宝引证码】

Zhejiang Jinhua Water Supply Company v. Jiangxi Sanqingshan Administrative Committee (Dispute over Associated Construction of Ropeway)
(Dispute over Associated Construction of Ropeway)
浙江金华市自来水公司诉江西三清山管委会联营建设索道纠纷案

Zhejiang Jinhua Water Supply Company v. Jiangxi Sanqingshan Administrative Committee
(Dispute over Associated Construction of Ropeway)

 

浙江金华市自来水公司诉江西三清山管委会联营建设索道纠纷案

Civil Judgment of the Supreme People's Court 【裁判摘要】
No. 197 (2001) 当事人以同一标的先后与他人签订两个协议,两个协议内容均不违反法律、行政法规的强制性规定,依法符合合同生效条件的,不能因前协议有效而认定后协议无效,或认定前、后协议存在效力上的差异。当事人因履行其中一个协议而对另一个协议中的对方当事人构成违约的,应承担违约责任。
 中华人民共和国最高人民法院
 民事判决书
 (2001)民二终字第197号
BASIC FACTS 
Appellant (Third person in the first instance): Jiangxi Sanqingshan Ropeway Co., Ltd., located at Shuangxi, Nanshanwai, Sanqingshan, Shangrao, Jiangxi. 上诉人(原审第三人):江西三清山索道有限公司。住所地:江西上饶三清山南山外双溪。
Legal Representative: Chen Bin, board chairman of the Company. 法定代表人:陈斌,该公司董事长。
Authorized Agent: Shang Jinquan, lawyer of Beijing Dacheng Law Firm. 委托代理人:尚金泉,北京市大成律师事务所。
Authorized Agent: Huang Qili, lawyer of Beijing Dacheng Law Firm. 委托代理人:黄启力,北京市大成律师事务所。
Appellee (Plaintiff in the first instance): Zhejiang Jinhua Water Supply Company, located at No. 415, Bayi South Street, Jinhua, Zhejiang. 被上诉人(原审原告):浙江金华市自来水总公司。住所地:浙江省金华市八一南街415号。
Legal Representative: Wu Lixin, board chairman of the Company. 法定代表人:吴立新,该公司董事长。
Authorized Agent: Xu Jiayun, engineer of the Company. 委托代理人:许家云,该公司工程师。
Authorized Agent: Wen Xingbin, lawyer of Zhejiang Chuangxin Law Firm. 委托代理人:温兴斌,浙江创欣律师事务所律师。
Appellee (Plaintiff in the first instance): Hainan Asia Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., located at Suite 1206, International Commercial Center, 38 Datong Road, Haikou, Hainan. 被上诉人(原审原告):海南亚洲制药有限公司。住所地:海南省海口市大同路 38号国际商业大厦1206室。
Legal Representative: Lou Jin, board chairman of the Company. 法定代表人:楼金,该公司董事长。
Authorized Agent: Zhou Yanrong, lawyer of Beijing Century Law Firm. 委托代理人:周彦荣,北京市世纪律师事务所律师。
Appellee (Plaintiff in the first instance): Zhejiang Jinhua Construction Engineering Company, located at 77 Jiefang West Road, Jinhua, Zhejiang. 被上诉人(原审原告):浙江金华市建筑工程公司。住所地:浙江省金华市解放西路77号。
Legal Representative: Huang Jianhua, general manager. 法定代表人:黄建华,总经理。
Authorized Agent: Wen Xingbin, lawyer of Zhejiang Chuangxin Law Firm. 委托代理人:温兴斌,浙江创欣律师事务所律师。
Defendant in the first instance: Sanqingshan Administrative Committee, located at 2/F, Zhongshan Building, Xinzhou District, Shangrao, Jiangxi. 原审被告:三清山管委会。住所地:江西上饶市信州区中山楼二楼。
Legal Representative: Wang Xiaofeng, director general of the Committee. 法定代表人:王晓峰,该委员会主任。
Authorized Agent: Yu Xiangming, lawyer of Jiangxi Sida Law Firm. 委托代理人:俞香明,江西司达律师事务所律师。
Third person in the first instance: Jiangxi Shangrao Jinsha Ropeway Co., Ltd., located at Jinsha, Sanqingshan, Shangrao, Jiangxi. 原审第三人:江西上饶金沙索道有限公司。住所地:江西上饶三清山金沙。
Legal Representative: Wu Lixin, board chairman of the Company. 法定代表人:吴立新,该公司董事长。
With regard to the dispute with Zhejiang Jinhua Water Supply Company, Hainan Asia Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. and Zhejiang Jinhua Construction Engineering Company (the appellees, hereinafter collectively referred to as Water Supply Company, et al), Sanqingshan Administrative Committee (defendant in the first instance, hereinafter referred to as SAC), and Jiangxi Shangrao Jinsha Ropeway Co., Ltd. (third person in the first instance, hereinafter referred to as Jinsha Company) over the associated construction of ropeway, Jiangxi Sanqingshan Ropeway Co., Ltd. (the appellant, hereinafter referred to as Sanqingshan Company) was dissatisfied with the No. 2 (2001) civil judgment of the Higher People's Court of Jiangxi Province (hereinafter referred to as Jiangxi Higher Court), and appealed to the present Court. The present Court formed a collegial panel according to law, composed of Jiang Wei as presiding judge, Chen Bailing and Lei Ji Ping as acting judges, and then heard the case. Xia Dongxia was the court clerk to make the records. During the trial of the present case, Jiangxi Higher Court made No. 22 (2002) civil ruling on March 22, 2002 to bring up No. 12 (2001) case of Shangrao Intermediate Court for trial by itself. Since Jiangxi Higher Court's adjudication of the No. 12 case would affect the present Court from handling the present case, the present Court ruled on May 27, 2002 to suspend the proceedings of the present case. Jiangxi Higher Court made No. 12 (2002) post-final civil judgment on May 9, 2004 regarding the No. 12 case, and then the present Court resumed the trial of the present case on June 29, 2004. The present case has now been finalized. 上诉人江西三清山索道有限公司(以下简称三清山索道公司)为与被上诉人浙江金华市自来水总公司、海南亚洲制药有限公司、浙江金华市建筑工程公司(以下统称自来水公司等三公司)、原审被告三清山管委会(以下简称三清山管委会)、原审第三人江西上饶金沙索道有限公司(以下简称金沙索道公司)联营建设索道纠纷一案,不服江西省高级人民法院(2001)赣民初字第2号民事判决,向本院提起上诉。本院依法组成由审判员姜伟担任审判长,代理审判员陈百灵、雷继平参加的合议庭进行了审理,书记员夏冬霞担任记录。本案审理期间,江西省高级人民法院于2002年3月 22日以(2002)赣民监字第22号民事裁定对(2001)饶中法民二终字第12号案进行提审,因江西省高级人民法院对该提审案件的审理结果将影响本院对本案的处理,本院于2002年5月27日裁定本案中止诉讼。江西省高级人民法院于2004年5月9日对上述提审案件作出(2002)赣民再终字第12号民事判决,本院遂于2004年6月 29日恢复审理本案。本案现已审理终结。
It was verified by Jiangxi Higher Court: From 1993 to 1995, the leaders of the Administrative Office for Scenery Resorts in Shangrao and Sanqingshan went to Jinhua, Zhejiang for many times to attract investments, the Sanqingshan “Jinsha-Goddess Peak” Ropeway Development Project in dispute is one of the projects of both Yushan County and Shangrao Prefecture for attracting investments from Zhejiang. On December 28, 1995, the Administrative Committee of Jinsha Tourism Development Zone of Sanqing Township, Yushan County and the Sanqing Recreation and Vacation Center of Jinhua Development Zone (shortened as Sanqing R&C Center hereafter) concluded the “Agreement on Preparing the Construction of Jinsha Goddess Ropeway” for the purpose of jointly developing Sanqingshan Jinsha Scenic Spot. On March 28, 1996, Yushan County Government approved the development of Jinsha Ropeway by Decree No. 035 [1996]. During that period, the Party Committee and the Administration of Shangrao Prefecture decided in March 1996 to straighten out the administrative system of Sanqingshan by authorizing SAC to exercise the administrative power over Sanqingshan Scenic Spot, Sanqing Township, Yushan County, and other four villages, as well. On May 10, SAC concluded the “Agreement on Preparing the Construction of Jinsha Ropeway of Sanqing Township” (hereinafter referred to as “Jinsha Ropeway Agreement”) with Zhejiang Jinhua Huangdaxian Co., Ltd., Zhejiang Jinhua Construction Engineering Company (hereinafter referred to as Jinhua Construction Engineering), No. 8 Engineering Zone of Jinhua Construction Engineering, Hainan Asia Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. and Peng Dengguo (called Peng hereafter), setting forth that Jinsha Ropeway shall be 2,105 meters long, and the total investments shall be 13 million Yuan. The agreement also sets forth the shares of each party. In order to prevent the original policies from being discontinued due to systemic adjustment, SAC and Water Supply Company, et al concluded the “Agreement on Establishing Sanqingshan Jinsha Ropeway Limited Liability Company” on July 8, 1996, setting forth that the stock capital of the Company shall be 15.3 million Yuan, including 1 million Yuan of Sanqingshan scenery resource shares, 13 million Yuan of corporate shares on the basis of which each party shall add 10% of individual shares. Water Supply Company, et al contributed 550,000 Yuan, 440,000 Yuan and 110,000 Yuan, respectively, on July 15, 1996 as per their proportions of shares. Sanqing Township Government remitted 110,000 Yuan into Sanqingshan Jinsha Ropeway LLC on July 29, 1996, and invested 220,000 Yuan on behalf of SAC upon entrustment. On July 26, 1996, Jinsha Company was registered upon the approval of Jiangxi Provincial Administration for Industry and Commerce and obtained its industrial and commercial business license. The proposal on the location of the “Jinsha-Goddess Peak” ropeway was also submitted by Shangrao Prefecture Government to the Provincial Department of Construction pursuant to the examination and approval procedures. In August 1996, the Provincial Department of Construction organized experts to visit the site. After they made arguments on the location proposal of Jinsha ropeway, the Provincial Department of Construction forwarded the location proposal to the Ministry of Construction. On January 27, 1997, the Ministry of Construction officially approved the project location proposal by Decree No. 8 (1997). On June 4, 1997, June 10, 1998, July 7, 1998, May 18, 1999, May 24, 2000, and September 18, 2000, Jinsha Company separately reported to SAC and Shangrao Prefecture Planning Commission for several times, requesting to make project initiation and start construction, but was not approved. Since 1994, Water Supply Company, et al requisitioned 116 Mu of land in the scenic spot, and Jinsha Company concluded with Sanqing Township Government an agreement on purchase of 25 Mu of land, prepaying 100,000 Yuan. Water Supply Company, et al and Jinsha Company spent approximately 1.3 million Yuan on early-stage survey and preparations, and more than 200,000 Yuan for other purposes, as well. The direct economic losses were about 100,000 Yuan. On June 6, 1998, Zhejiang Jinhua Water Supply Company, Shen Zengfu (called Shen hereafter) from No. 8 Engineering Zone of Jinhua Construction Engineering, Jiangxi Sanqingshan Tourism Joint Stock Co., Ltd., Jiangxi Sanqingshan Jinsha Tourism Economic Development Co., Ltd., Hainan Asia Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., and Yushan Sanqingshan Tourism Company concluded the “Agreement on Readjusting the Shareholders of Sanqingshan Jinsha Ropeway LLC and Their Investments”, which was not actually performed. After that, the Jinsha ropeway project was suspended. Therefore, Water Supply Company, et al reported to Jiangxi Provincial Government, Zhejiang Provincial Government, Jinhua Municipal Government and other relevant departments for several times, requesting performance of the agreement. As of 1999, Jiangxi and Zhejiang Provincial Government and Jinhua Municipal Government as well as other relevant departments have also convened several coordination meetings. Shu Shengyou, former governor of Jiangxi Province, also made several instructions in this regard. On June 1, 1999, Shangrao Prefecture Government replied Jiangxi Provincial Administration for Industry and Commerce, Jiangxi Provincial Cooperation Office, and Jiangxi Provincial Department of Construction separately by Letters No. 41, 42 and 43 [1999], saying that Jinsha Company's registration and establishment were a kind of activities of the enterprise, that the main issue was the divergence on the location and construction time of the ropeway, and holding that the project was not fully argued. As a result, Shangrao Prefecture Government disapproved the project initiation. On March 20, 2000, Jiangxi Provincial Office for Economic and Technological Cooperation with Foreign Parties submitted No. 18 [2000] “Report on the Coordination Meeting on Sanqingshan Ropeway Project” to Jiangxi Provincial Government, requesting it to order Shangrao Government to, by the end of April, approve the project initiation and the start of construction. The General Office of Jiangxi Provincial Government approved the report on April 7, 2000 by Decree No. 44 [2000], requiring Shangrao Government to lose no time in fulfilling the procedures for the project initiation and construction, and requiring the Provincial Department of Construction to provide ropeway construction guidance and protect the scenic spot during the construction. On November 9, 2000, Jiangxi Provincial Office for Foreign Economic and Technological Cooperation, Jiangxi Provincial Department of Supervision, Jiangxi Provincial Department of Construction, the Commerce and Finance Division and the Supervision Division of the General Office of Jiangxi Provincial Government went to Shangrao to inspect the implementation of Decree No. 44 [2000], and made a written report to the provincial government on November 21, 2000. Later, the General Office of Jiangxi Provincial Government distributed the “Opinions on the Issue of Sanqingshan ‘Jinsha-Goddess Peak' Ropeway”, requiring Shangrao Municipal Government to order the relevant department to conscientiously implement the Contract on “Jinsha-Goddess Peak” Ropeway, to treat all investors equally without discrimination, and to encourage fair competition. On March 20, 2001, Water Supply Company, et al brought a lawsuit with Jiangxi Higher Court, claiming that SAC should perform a series of agreements on building Jinsha Ropeway, promptly fulfill the procedures for project initiation, and compensate 10,010,000 Yuan of economic losses incurred from its delay in performing the contract. 江西省高级人民法院查明:1993年至 1995年间,上饶地区及三清山风景名胜区管理局的领导曾多次前往浙江金华招商,本案争议的三清山金沙至女神峰索道开发项目即是玉山县及上饶地区向浙江的招商项目。1995年12月28日,玉山县三清乡金沙旅游开发区管委会,与金华市开发区三清休养度假中心签订了共同开发三清山金沙风景区《关于筹建金沙女神索道协议书》。1996年3月28日,玉山县政府以玉府字[1996]035号文件予以批准开发金沙索道。此间,1996年3月,上饶地委、行署决定理顺三清山管理体制,将三清山景区及玉山县三清乡和另外四个村划归三清山管委会,授权管委会行使行政管理权。同年 5月10日,三清山管委会与浙江金华黄大仙有限公司、浙江金华市建筑工程公司、金华市建筑工程公司第八工程区、海南亚洲制药有限公司以及彭登国个人签订了《关于筹建三清乡金沙索道协议书》,协议约定金沙索道全长2105米,总投资1300万元,并约定了协议各方的股份。三清山管委会为保持原有政策不被因体制调整而中断,又于1996年7月8日,与自来水公司等三公司等签订了《关于组建三清山金沙索道有限责任公司协议书》,约定公司股本为 1530万元,其中100万元为三清山风景资源股,1300万元的法人股各增10%为个人股。自来水公司等三公司分别于1996年7月15日按比例出资55万元、44万元、11万元,三清乡政府于1996年7月29日汇入11万元,并受三清山管委会的委托代其出资22万元。1996年7月26日金沙索道公司经江西省工商局批准注册、领取了工商营业执照。金沙至女神峰索道选址也由上饶地区按审批程序报省建设厅,1996年 8月,省建设厅组织专家考察论证了金沙索道选址方案后,由省建设厅转报国家建设部。1997年1月27日,建设部以建景字 (1997)第8号文正式批复了该项目选址方案。1997年6月4日、1998年6月10日、 1998年7月7日、1999年5月18日、2000年5月24日、2000年9月18日,金沙索道公司多次向三清山管委会、上饶地区计划委员会报告,要求立项开工建设,但未得到批准。自1994年以来,自来水公司等三公司在景区征地116亩,金沙索道公司与三清乡政府签订协议受让土地25亩,预付 10万元土地款。自来水公司等三公司以及金沙索道公司用于前期勘察和准备工作约 130万元,其他费用约20余万元。直接经济损失约10万元。1998年6月6日,浙江金华市自来水公司、金华市建筑工程公司第八工区沈增富、江西三清山旅游股份有限公司、江西三清山金沙旅游经济开发有限公司、海南亚洲制药有限公司、玉山县三清山旅游总公司签订了《关于重新调整三清山金沙索道有限公司股东及出资额的协议书》,但该协议未实际履行。此后,金沙索道项目处于停滞状态。为此,自来水公司等三公司多次向江西省政府、浙江省政府、金华市政府及有关方面反映,要求履行协议。自1999年起,江西省政府、浙江省政府、金华市政府及有关方面多次召开协调会,江西省原省长舒圣佑也多次作出批示。1999年6月1日,上饶地区行署以饶行字[1999]41号、42号、43号文分别复函江西省工商局、江西省合作办、江西省建设厅,称金沙索道公司注册成立是一种企业行为,主要问题是对索道选址以及建设时间有分歧,并认为该项目未经充分论证,不同意立项。2000年3月20日,江西省对外经济技术合作办公室以赣外经办字[2000]18号《关于三清山索道项目协调会的情况报告》向江西省政府报告,请江西省政府责成上饶行署在4月底前负责批准该项目立项和开工建设。江西省人民政府办公厅2000年4月7日以赣府厅字[2000]44号文批准了该报告,要求上饶行署抓紧办好该项目立项的建设的各项手续,省建设厅负责做好索道建设指导和施工中的景区保护工作。2000年11月9日,江西省对经济技术合作办公室、江西省监察厅、江西省建设厅、江西省政府办公厅商金处和督查处到上饶市了解有关赣府办[2000]44号文的执行情况,并于2000年11月21日向江西省政府行文汇报,江西省政府办公厅又发出《关于三清山金女线索道问题的处理意见》,要求上饶市政府责成有关部门认真执行金女线合同,对客商应一视同仁,鼓励公平竞争。2001年3月20日,自来水公司等三公司向江西省高级人民法院提起诉讼,要求三清山管委会履行有关修建金沙索道的一系列协议,迅速给予立项办妥开工手续,并赔偿因拖延履行合同所造成的经济损失1001万元。
...... 江西省高级人民法院另查明,1995年3月18日,三清山管委会与香港新海国际集团股份有限公司(以下简称新海公司)签订了一份《关于三清山梯云岭景区架建旅游缆车的合同书》,成立合资经营的三清山索道公司,并约定在中国江西上饶地区三清山的南部范围内不再建第二条缆车索道线路。同年4月8日,双方又签订一份《关于在三清山梯云岭景区架建旅游缆车合同书的补充合同》,其中第三条约定,在三清山范围内,确需建第二条旅游索道时,应由注册的三清山索道公司投资承建。2001年 2月,新海公司以三清山管委会为被告,诉至江西省上饶市信州区人民法院,认为三清山管委会与自来水公司等三公司签订的合同和上述新海公司的两份合同内容发生冲突,严重地侵犯了其合法权益,要求法院确认自来水公司等三公司与三清山管委会签订的合同无效,江西省上饶市信州区人民法院于2001年5月8日作出[2001]饶信经初字第31号民事判决,支持了新海公司的请求。以第三人身份参加诉讼的金沙索道公司不服该判决向上饶市中级人民法院提起上诉。2001年6月26日,上饶市中级人民法院作出的(2001)饶中法民二终字第12号民事判决认为,1998年6月6日,浙江金华市自来水总公司、金华市建筑工程公司第八工程区、江西三清山旅游实业股份有限公司、玉山县三清山旅游总公司、江西三清山金沙旅游经济开发有限公司、海南亚洲制药有限公司签订的“关于重新调整三清山金沙索道有限公司股东及出资额的协议书”是对“关于组建三清山金沙索道有限责任公司协议书”的替代,三清山管委会已不再是三清山金沙索道有限责任公司的股东,不再受该协议的约束,该协议已不复存在,因而不存在协议的有效无效问题,因而判决维持新海公司与三清山管委会签订的“关于三清山梯云岭景区架建旅游缆车的合同书”及“补充合同”合法有效,并撤销江西省上饶市信州区人民法院关于三管委与金沙索道公司股东所签协议无效的条款。2000年12月28日,新海公司(注册号496180)董事杨深泉向香港特区政府公司注册处递交《不营运私人公司撤销注册申请书》,香港公司注册处于2001年5月11日刊登公告,宣告新海公司(注册号 496180)于当日撤销,该公司亦在撤销时解散。
 ......

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