>>>welcome visitor, haven't logged in. Login
Subscribe Now Contact us  
Font Size:  A A A Search “Fabao” Window English 中文 = 简体  繁体
  Favorite   DownLoad   Print
 
No. 7 of Nine Model Trial Cases Involving Environmental Resources Published by the Supreme People's Court: Jiang Jianbo v. Jing Jun for Dispute over Noise Pollution Liability
最高法院公布的九起环境资源审判典型案例之七:姜建波与荆军噪声污染责任纠纷案
【法宝引证码】
  • Type of Dispute: Civil-->Tort ★
  • Legal document: Judgment
  • Procedural status: Trial at Second Instance

No. 7 of Nine Model Trial Cases Involving Environmental Resources Published by the Supreme People's Court: Jiang Jianbo v. Jing Jun for Dispute over Noise Pollution Liability
最高法院公布的九起环境资源审判典型案例之七:姜建波与荆军噪声污染责任纠纷案
[核心术语]
噪声侵害;正常范围;经验法则
[争议焦点]
1.当事人以受到他人在装卸、运送、加工钢铁制品过程中产生的噪声的侵害为由,向法院起诉要求对方承担侵权责任的,法院能否予以支持?
[案例要旨]
虽然包括《侵权责任法》在内的法律尚未明确规定噪声污染责任但不可否认在工业生产、建筑施工、交通运输和社会生活中产生的严重噪声污染侵害人们安宁生活、工作和学习的权利导致人们身心健康受损...
No. 7 of Nine Model Trial Cases Involving Environmental Resources Published by the Supreme People's Court: Jiang Jianbo v. Jing Jun for Dispute over Noise Pollution Liability 最高法院公布的九起环境资源审判典型案例之七:姜建波与荆军噪声污染责任纠纷案
 
1. Basic Facts (一)基本案情
Since 2009, Jing Jun has rented the house and courtyard of a person surnamed Gu. This courtyard was adjacent to the residence of Jiang Jianbo only by a wall and the two residences were located front and rear. In the rented courtyard, Jing Jun conducted cutting operations of iron and steel products and the noise generated thereby made Jiang Jianbo unbearable. Jiang Jianbo has successively reported this problem to the villagers' committee and local administrative department of environmental protection, but it was still not resolved yet. Therefore, Jiang Jianbo instituted a lawsuit and requested the court to order that Jing Jun should stop the infringement, eliminate obstacles, remove the iron and steel products generating noise pollution and dust pollution from the courtyard adjacent to the residence of Jiang Jianbo, and pay Jiang Jianbo 8,000 yuan for compensation for mental distress. 2009年起荆军租用了谷某的房屋和院落,此院落与姜建波住所前后相邻,仅一墙之隔。荆军在租用的院落里对钢铁制品进行切割作业,产生的噪声使姜建波不堪忍受。姜建波先后向村委会及当地环境保护行政主管部门反映,但问题仍未得到解决,遂提起诉讼,请求判令荆军停止侵害,排除妨碍,将产生噪声污染及粉尘污染的铁制品搬离与姜建波相邻的院落,赔偿其精神损失8000元。
2. Judgment (二)裁判结果
After the first-instance hearing , the People's Court of Midong District, Urumqi entered a judgment and ordered that Jing Jun should immediately stop the infringement, eliminate obstacles, remove the iron and steel products generating noise from the courtyard adjacent to the residence of Jiang Jianbo, and pay Jian Jianbo damages for the infliction of mental distress in the amount of 2,000 yuan. Jing Jun refused to accept the judgment and appealed to the Intermediate People's Court of Urumqi. After the second-instance hearing, the court held that the noise generated in the process of loading and unloading, transportation, or processing of iron and steel products exceeded the generally bearable extent of ordinary people. In this case, the courtyard of Jing Jun and the residence of Jiang Jianbo were separated only by a wall, and the noise generated in the placing of tools and processing materials in the courtyard by Jing Jun undoubtedly would transmit to the living rooms of other residences, which has become environmental noise that disturbed the lives of neighboring residents. It was widely accepted by the general public that noise pollution was likely to cause damage to human health. The claims of Jiang Jianbo that he could not rest due to such noise and he suffered from mental injury caused thereby conformed to the rule-of-thumb of daily life and should be presumed to be true. Jing Jun denied that the noise pollution has caused actual injury to Jiang Jianbo and therefore he should bear the burden of proof; however, Jing Jun failed to adduce any evidence proving that the noise generated from his courtyard caused no injury to the health of Jiang Jianbo. It was not improper in the first-instance judgment to support the damages for the infliction of mental distress in the amount of 2,000 yuan in light of the actual circumstances and on the basis of the time when noise was generated in the processing of iron and steel products by Jing Jun, the distance between the two residences, and the noise amplitude. In July 2012, the second-instance court entered a judgment that dismissed the appeal of Jing Jun and affirmed the first-instance judgment. 乌鲁木齐市米东区人民法院一审判令荆军立即停止侵权、排除妨害,将产生噪声的钢铁制品搬离与姜建波相邻的院落,并赔偿姜建波精神损害抚慰金2000元。荆军不服,上诉至乌鲁木齐市中级人民法院。该院二审认为,钢铁制品在装卸、运送或者加工过程中产生的声音超出一般公众普遍可忍受的程度。本案中,荆军院落与姜建波居所一墙相隔,荆军在院落中放置工具、加工材料时所产生的声音势必能传入到其他居民的居室内,已成为干扰周围居民生活的环境噪声。噪声污染对人体健康可能造成损害,是为公众普遍认可的,姜建波称其因噪声无法休息导致精神受到伤害符合日常生活经验法则,应推定属实。荆军否认噪声污染给姜建波造成了实际损害,应举证证明,但荆军不能举出其院落中发出的噪声对姜建波的身体健康未产生损害的证据。一审判决根据荆军加工钢铁制品产生的噪声的时间、两家距离的远近、噪声的大小酌情支持2000元精神损害抚慰金并无不当。二审法院于2012年7月作出判决,驳回上诉,维持原判。
...... ......

Dear visitor, you are attempting to view a subscription-based section of lawinfochina.com. If you are already a subscriber, please login to enjoy access to our databases. If you are not a subscriber, you can pay for a document through Online Pay and read it immediately after payment.
An entity user can apply for a trial account or contact us for your purchase.
Tel: +86 (10) 82689699, +86 (10) 82668266 ext. 153
Mobile: +86 13311570712
Fax: +86 (10) 82668268
E-mail: database@chinalawinfo.com

 
您好:您现在要进入的是北大法律英文网会员专区。
如您是我们英文用户可直接 登录,进入会员专区查询您所需要的信息;如您还不是我们 的英文用户;您可通过网上支付进行单篇购买,支付成功后即可立即查看本篇内容;
单位用户可申请试用或者来电咨询购买。
Tel: +86 (10) 82689699, +86 (10) 82668266 ext. 153
Mobile: +86 13311570712
Fax: +86 (10) 82668268
E-mail:database@chinalawinfo.com
     
     
Scan QR Code and Read on Mobile
【法宝引证码】        北大法宝en.pkulaw.cn
Message: Please kindly comment on the present translation.
 
Confirmation Code:
Click image to reset code
 
  Translations are by lawinfochina.com, and we retain exclusive copyright over content found on our website except for content we publish as authorized by respective copyright owners or content that is publicly available from government sources.

Due to differences in language, legal systems, and culture, English translations of Chinese law are for reference purposes only. Please use the official Chinese-language versions as the final authority. Lawinfochina.com and its staff will not be directly or indirectly liable for use of materials found on this website.

We welcome your comments and suggestions, which assist us in continuing to improve the quality of our materials as we dynamically expand content.
 
Home | About us | Disclaimer | Chinese