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No. 6 of the Nine Model Cases on Environmental Resources Issued by the Supreme People's Court: Zhang Changjian and other 1720 persons v. Fujian (Pingnan) RongPing Chemical Co., Ltd. (dispute over liability for environmental pollution)
最高法院公布的九起环境资源审判典型案例之六:张长健等1721人与福建省(屏南)榕屏化工有限公司环境污染责任纠纷案
【法宝引证码】
  • Type of Dispute: Civil-->Tort ★
  • Legal document: Judgment
  • Judgment date: 11-16-2005
  • Procedural status: Trial at Second Instance
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*Dear user, this document contains only a summary of the respective judicial case. To request a full-text translation as an additional service, please contact us at:  + 86 (10) 8268-9699 database@chinalawinfo.com

No. 6 of the Nine Model Cases on Environmental Resources Issued by the Supreme People's Court: Zhang Changjian and other 1720 persons v. Fujian (Pingnan) RongPing Chemical Co., Ltd. (dispute over liability for environmental pollution)
(dispute over liability for environmental pollution)
最高法院公布的九起环境资源审判典型案例之六:张长健等1721人与福建省(屏南)榕屏化工有限公司环境污染责任纠纷案
[Key Terms]
tort of environmental pollution ; burden of proof ; cause and effect ; standards for discharge
[核心术语]
环境污染侵权;举证责任;因果关系;排放标准
[Disputed Issues]
Where a victim files a lawsuit to claim compensation for his loss from an enterprise because his crops in the neighborhood of the enterprise are polluted, could the enterprise defense on the grounds that its discharging act meets the standards?
[争议焦点]
企业周边的农作物因受污染而造成损失,受害人起诉要求企业承担赔偿责任的,企业能否以其排放行为符合标准为由作为抗辩?
[Case Summary]
Special provisions have been made on the burden of proof as to the liability for environmental pollution tort which is different from general tort liability. According to the provisions of item 3 of Article 4 of Some Provisions of the Supreme People's Court on Evidence in Civil Procedures for lawsuits of compensation for damage due to environmental pollution...
[案例要旨]
环境污染侵权责任不同于一般侵权责任法律在举证责任方面对其作出了特殊规定。根据《最高人民法院关于民事诉讼证据的若干规定》第四条第三项的规定因环境污染引起的损害赔偿诉讼由加害人就法律规定的免责事由及其行为与损害结果之间不存在因果关系承担举证责任。因此...

Full-text Omitted.

 

最高法院公布的九起环境资源审判典型案例之六:张长健等1721人与福建省(屏南)榕屏化工有限公司环境污染责任纠纷案

 (一)基本案情
 福建省(屏南)榕屏化工有限公司(以下简称榕屏公司)自1995年投产后,对周边地区陆续造成污染,排放的废水、废气、废渣,对环境和人体造成严重损害。特别是排放的氯气,造成大片树林、竹林、果树、庄稼枯死,鱼虾不能生存。对此,有现场勘验报告和当地乡人民政府出具的《屏城乡溪坪村受榕屏公司污染情况》佐证,江西惠普会计师事务所据此提出了损失计算标准。张长健等1721人提起诉讼,请求判令榕屏公司立即停止侵害,赔偿农作物及竹、木等损失,清除厂内及后山废渣。
 (二)裁判结果
 宁德市中级人民法院一审认为,榕屏公司虽主张排放达标,但不能证明排放不会造成损害,应推定因果关系存在,侵权责任成立。
 ......

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