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Xizhuang Villagers' Committee v. Changdao Maritime Transport Company
西庄村委会诉长岛县海运公司浅滩采砂侵权损害赔偿纠纷上诉案
【法宝引证码】
  • Type of Dispute: Civil-->Property
  • Legal document: Judgment
  • Judgment date: 01-01-1997
  • Procedural status: Trial at Second Instance
  • Source: SPC Gazette,Issue 3,1997

Xizhuang Villagers' Committee v. Changdao Maritime Transport Company

 

西庄村委会诉长岛县海运公司浅滩采砂侵权损害赔偿纠纷上诉案

(Appellate Case on Dispute over Compensation for Tort Due to Sand Quarrying at Shallow Beach) 
BASIC FACTS 上诉人(原审被告):山东省长岛县海运公司。
Appellant (Defendant in the first instance): Shandong Changdao Maritime Transport Company. 法定代表人:胡雨田,经理。
Legal Representative: Hu Yutian, manager. 委托代理人:苏永红、佟德重,山东省长岛县第一律师事务所律师。
Authorized Agent: Su Yonghong and Tong Dezhong, lawyers of Shandong Changdao No. 1 Law Firm. 被上诉人:(原审原告):山东省蓬莱市登州镇西庄村委会。
Appellee (Plaintiff in the first instance): Xizhuang Villagers' Committee of Dengzhou Town, Penglai, Shandong Province. 法定代表人:李本贵,主任。
Legal Representative: Li Bengui, director general. 委托代理人:张青,青岛市博爱律师事务所律师。
Authorized Agent: Zhang Qing, lawyer of Qingdao Bo'ai Law Firm. 委托代理人:崔德珉,蓬莱市矿产开发公司经理。
Authorized Agent: Cui Demin, manager of Penglai Mineral Resource Exploitation Company. 上诉人山东省长岛县海运公司(以下简称海运公司)因与被上诉人山东省蓬莱市登州镇西庄村委会(以下简称西庄村)发生浅滩采砂损害赔偿纠纷,不服青岛海事法院的一审判决,向山东省高级人民法院提出上诉。
For the dispute with Xizhuang Villagers' Committee of Dengzhou Town, Penglai, Shandong Province (appellee, hereinafter referred to as Xizhuang Village) over compensation for damage due to sand quarrying at a shallow beach, Shandong Changdao Maritime Transport Company (appellant, hereinafter referred to as Maritime Transport Company) was dissatisfied with Qingdao Maritime Court's judgment of the first instance, and appealed to Shandong Higher Court. 
...... 一审法院查明:八十年代后期,原告西庄村以西的海岸遭海水侵蚀的现象加剧,许多地段沙滩已不复存在,土地被冲毁。从1985年至1993年,西庄村沿海土地面积减少165.29亩,直接经济损失达343.65万元。为避免使损失继续扩大而修建的护岸工程,预计费用为561.2万余元。
 1990年4月,烟台市政府聘请国家海洋局烟台海洋管区(以下简称烟台管区)对西庄村海岸遭受海蚀的情况进行调查论证,烟台管区于9月上旬写出《蓬莱县西庄以西海岸侵蚀的调查研究》报告。9月中旬,烟台市政府邀请了11位海洋方面的专家对该报告进行了评审。评审意见认为:西庄村以西一带海岸遭受侵蚀,是多年自然演变、暴风浪及人为岸边挖砂所致。登州浅滩对这一带海岸,具有一定的减弱波浪、流和风暴浪袭击海岸的作用,潮待州以西的浅滩因距离岸远,作用微小。
 1990年11月15日,蓬莱市政府委托国家海洋局第一海洋研究所(以下简称海洋一所)对“海洋侵蚀的原因,海岸侵蚀发展的可能程度,解决海蚀的主要对策和方法”进行研究。海洋一所于1992年12月提出了《蓬莱西庄至栾家口海岸侵蚀原因及治理对策研究》的报告。该报告认为,西庄村至栾家口海岸侵蚀的原因是自然侵蚀、岸边取砂和登州浅滩的被破坏,其中在登州浅滩采砂是该段海岸侵蚀加速的主要原因。该报告获得山东省科委颁发的《科学技术成果鉴定证书》。
 登州浅滩位于距西庄村1.5公里的海域内,与海岸呈东南西北走向的约45°夹角。该浅滩由四人洲、二日洲、潮待洲和新井洲组成。在1974年版海图上的5米等深线范围内,该浅滩最小水深为1.1米,平均水深为3.2米,面积为3.96平方公里。据海洋一所1990年11月和12月的现场实测,登州浅滩5米等深线以内的面积,已经由1974年的3.96平方公里缩小为0.5平方公里,其平均水深也降低了1.1米。
 ......

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