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Gaochun Civil Affairs Bureau v. Wang Changsheng, Lǚ Fang and Tianan Insurance Co., Ltd. Jiangsu Branch (Case concerning the Disputer over the Compensation for Personal Injury from a Traffic Accident)
高淳县民政局诉王昌胜、吕芳、天安保险江苏分公司交通事故人身损害赔偿纠纷案
【法宝引证码】
  • Type of Dispute: Civil-->Tort ★
  • Legal document: Ruling
  • Judgment date: 03-27-2007
  • Procedural status: Trial at Second Instance
  • Source: SPC Gazette,Issue 6,2007

Gaochun Civil Affairs Bureau v. Wang Changsheng, Lǚ Fang and Tianan Insurance Co., Ltd. Jiangsu Branch (Case concerning the Disputer over the Compensation for Personal Injury from a Traffic Accident)
(Case concerning the Disputer over the Compensation for Personal Injury from a Traffic Accident)
高淳县民政局诉王昌胜、吕芳、天安保险江苏分公司交通事故人身损害赔偿纠纷案

Gaochun Civil Affairs Bureau v. Wang Changsheng, Lǚ Fang and Tianan Insurance Co., Ltd. Jiangsu Branch
(Case concerning the Disputer over the Compensation for Personal Injury from a Traffic Accident)

 

高淳县民政局诉王昌胜、吕芳、天安保险江苏分公司交通事故人身损害赔偿纠纷案

 【裁判摘要】
 因交通事故引发的人身损害赔偿案件中,死亡受害人为城市生活无着的流浪乞讨人员,经公安部门刊发启示未发现其近亲属,政府民政部门作为原告提起民事诉讼,要求赔偿义务人承担赔偿责任的,因民政部门不是法律规定的赔偿权利人,与案件不存在民事权利义务关系,且其法定职责不包括代表或代替城市生活无着的流浪乞讨人员提起民事诉讼,故民政部门不是案件的适格诉讼主体,其起诉应依法驳回。
BASIC FACTS 
Plaintiff: Civil Affairs Bureau of Gaochun County, Jiangsu Province, domiciled at Beiyi Road, Chunxi Township, Gaochun County, Jiangsu Province. 原告:江苏省高淳县民政局,住所地:江苏省高淳县淳溪镇北漪路。
Legal Representative: Zhang Zhaoxia, director of this bureau. 法定代表人:张朝霞,该局局长。
Defendant: Wang Changsheng, male, 54 years old, a driver, and resided at Youzi Village, Dongba Township, Gaochun County. 被告:王昌胜,男,54岁,驾驶员,住高淳县东坝镇游子山村。
Defendant: Lǚ Fang, female, 29 years old, a staff member of Jiangsu CCB Notes Center, and resided at Suojin Village, Xuanwu District, Nanjing Municipality. 被告:吕芳,女,29岁,江苏省建设银行票据中心职员,住南京市玄武区锁金村。
Defendant: Tianan Insurance Co., Ltd. Jiangsu Branch, and domiciled at Huawei Plaza, Shigu Road, Nanjing Municipality. 被告:天安保险股份有限公司江苏省分公司,住所地:南京市石鼓路华威大厦。
Person in Charge: Yuan Xuelou, general manager of this branch. 负责人:袁雪楼,该分公司总经理。
Civil Affairs Bureau of Gaochun County, Jiangsu Province (hereinafter referred to as Gaochun Civil Affairs Bureau) brought a lawsuit before the Gaochun County People's Court of Jiangsu Province for the dispute over the compensation for personal injury from a traffic accident against Wang Changsheng, Lǚ Fang and Tianan Insurance Co., Ltd. Jiangsu Province (hereinafter referred to as Tianan Insurance). 原告江苏省高淳县民政局(以下简称高淳县民政局)因与被告王昌胜、吕芳、天安保险股份有限公司江苏省分公司(以下简称天安保险江苏分公司)发生交通事故人身损害赔偿纠纷,向江苏省高淳县人民法院提起诉讼。
Gaochun Civil Affairs Bureau complained that: at about 19:30 of April 2, 2005, Wang Changsheng (Wang) and Lǚ Fang (Lǚ) killed a 60 to 70-year-old nameless man on the scene of a traffic accident. On April 20, 2005, the Traffic Police Station under Gaochun Public Security Bureau made the No.2005023 Traffic Accident Identification, and determined that Wang and Lǚ should assume the equal responsibility for the traffic accident, and the nameless man need not to assume the responsibility for the accident. After the accident occurred, the Traffic Police Station under Gaochun Public Security Bureau published a body identification notice on Nanjing Daily on April 4, 2005, and cremated the nameless body on April 21, 2005 because nobody claimed the body, and the ashes were temporarily kept at Gaochun County Funeral Home. The vehicles driven by Wang and Lǚ were under the third party liability insurance of Tianan Insurance, respectively with the liability limits of 50,000 yuan and 200,000 yuan. As an organ special for the relief to social vagrants and beggars, Gaochun Civil Affairs Bureau assumed the work on the relief to social vagrants and beggars, and the duties for such work also should include the support of social vagrants and beggars to claim their rights. In this case, the life and health of the nameless victim should be protected by the law, and he died in a traffic accident. Gaochun Civil Affairs Bureau handled the relevant matters, so it had the right to claim compensations from the three defendants. The People's Procuratorate of Gaochun County, as the legal supervisory organ, also supported the lawsuit of Gaochun Civil Affairs Bureau for compensations, and made the No. 12 [2006] Attorneys' Proposal. Gaochun Civil Affairs Bureau requested the court to order Tianan Insurance to compensate the 166,331 yuan to it within the limits of the third party liability insurance. 原告高淳县民政局诉称:2005年4月 2日19时30分许,被告王昌胜、吕芳因交通肇事,致一名60至70岁无名男子当场死亡。2005年4月20日,高淳县公安局交巡警大队作出第2005023号交通事故认定书,认定王昌胜、吕芳对此次交通事故负同等责任,被害无名男子不负事故责任。事故发生后,高淳县公安局交巡警大队于2005年4月4日在《南京日报》上刊登认尸启事,因无人认领,遂于同年4月21日将该无名男子尸体火化,骨灰暂由高淳县殡仪馆保管。王昌胜、吕芳驾驶的机动车辆均在被告天安保险江苏分公司投保了第三者责任险,责任限额分别为5万元和20万元。原告作为负责救助社会流浪乞讨人员的专门机构,承担了对社会流浪乞讨人员的救助工作,工作职责中也应包括支持社会流浪乞讨人员主张权利的内容。本案中,被害无名男子的生命健康权理应得到法律保护,该男子遭遇交通事故身亡,原告承担了有关处理事宜,故有权就其死亡向三被告 主张赔偿。高淳县人民检察院作为法律监督机构,也支持原告依法提起损害赔偿诉讼,并为此作出了宁高检民行建[2006]12号检察建议书。请求判令天安保险江苏分公司在第三者责任强制保险限额内赔偿原告166 331元。
...... 被告王昌胜、吕芳、天安保险江苏分公司一致辩称:民政局依职责对社会上的流浪乞讨人员进行救助,二者之间形成的关系属于行政法律关系,而不是民事法律关系。原告高淳县民政局代本案受害人主张交通事故人身损害赔偿,没有法律依据,不具备民事主体资格,在本案中不具有诉权。本案受害人尸体的火化、保管都是有偿的,丧葬费用被告方已经实际支付,高淳县民政局没有提供证据证明其对本案受害人实施过救助,其诉讼主张缺乏事实依据。请求驳回高淳县民政局的起诉。
 高淳县人民法院一审查明:
 2005年4月2日19时30分许,被告王昌胜驾驶车牌号为苏AQ0128的三轮运输车,沿双望线从北向南行驶至4KM路段时,将一名60至70岁无名男子撞倒在东侧机动车道内,恰遇被告吕芳驾驶车牌号为苏AAV822的小轿车由南向北驶经该路段,从该男子身体上碾压而过,致该男子当场死亡。2005年4月20日,高淳县公安局交巡警大队作出第2005023号交通事故认定书,认定王昌胜、吕芳对此次交通事故负同等责任,被害无名男子不负事故责任。事故发生后,高淳县公安局交巡警大队于 2005年4月4日在《南京日报》上刊登认尸启事,因无人认领,遂于同年4月21日将该无名男子尸体火化,骨灰暂由高淳县殡仪馆保管。王昌胜的苏AQ0128号三轮车及吕芳的苏AAV822号小轿车均在被告天安保险江苏分公司投保了第三者责任险,责任限额分别为5万元和20万元。
 另查明:原告高淳县民政局的工作职责包括对社会流浪乞讨人员实施救助。
 
 本案的争议焦点是:原告高淳县民政局是否本案适格诉讼主体,能否就本案被害无名男子的死亡向被告王昌胜、吕芳、天安保险江苏分公司主张赔偿。
 ......

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