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Guiding Case No. 23: Sun Yinshan v. Jiangning Store of Nanjing Auchan Supermarket Co., Ltd. (Sales contract dispute)
指导案例23号:孙银山诉南京欧尚超市有限公司江宁店买卖合同纠纷案
【法宝引证码】

Guiding Case No. 23: Sun Yinshan v. Jiangning Store of Nanjing Auchan Supermarket Co., Ltd.(Sales contract dispute)

 

指导案例23号:孙银山诉南京欧尚超市有限公司江宁店买卖合同纠纷案

(Issued on January 26, 2014, as adopted by the Judicial Committee of the Supreme People's Court after deliberation) (最高人民法院审判委员会讨论通过 2014年1月26日发布)

Guiding Case No. 23 指导案例23号
Keywords 关键词
Civil; sales contract; food safety; compensation of ten times the money paid 民事 买卖合同 食品安全 十倍赔偿
Judgment's Key Points 裁判要点
Where a consumer who has purchased food not up to the food safety standards claims that the seller or producer should compensate the consumer in the amount of ten times the money paid under the Food Safety Law or compensate the consumer according to other statutory compensation standards, the people's court should support such a claim whether the consumer knew that the food was not up to the safety standards at the time of purchase. 消费者购买到不符合食品安全标准的食品,要求销售者或者生产者依照食品安全法规定支付价款十倍赔偿金或者依照法律规定的其他赔偿标准赔偿的,不论其购买时是否明知食品不符合安全标准,人民法院都应予支持。
...... 相关法条
 中华人民共和国食品安全法》第九十六条第二款
 基本案情
 2012年5月1日,原告孙银山在被告南京欧尚超市有限公司江宁店(简称欧尚超市江宁店)购买“玉兔牌”香肠15包,其中价值558.6元的14包香肠已过保质期。孙银山到收银台结账后,即径直到服务台索赔,后因协商未果诉至法院,要求欧尚超市江宁店支付14包香肠售价十倍的赔偿金5586元。
 裁判结果
 江苏省南京市江宁区人民法院于2012年9月10日作出(2012)江宁开民初字第646号民事判决:被告欧尚超市江宁店于判决发生法律效力之日起10日内赔偿原告孙银山5586元。宣判后,双方当事人均未上诉,判决已发生法律效力。
 裁判理由
 法院生效裁判认为:关于原告孙银山是否属于消费者的问题。《中华人民共和国消费者权益保护法》第二条规定:“消费者为生活消费需要购买、使用商品或者接受服务,其权益受本法保护;本法未作规定的,受其他有关法律、法规保护。”消费者是相对于销售者和生产者的概念。只要在市场交易中购买、使用商品或者接受服务是为了个人、家庭生活需要,而不是为了生产经营活动或者职业活动需要的,就应当认定为“为生活消费需要”的消费者,属于消费者权益保护法调整的范围。本案中,原、被告双方对孙银山从欧尚超市江宁店购买香肠这一事实不持异议,据此可以认定孙银山实施了购买商品的行为,且孙银山并未将所购香肠用于再次销售经营,欧尚超市江宁店也未提供证据证明其购买商品是为了生产经营。孙银山因购买到超过保质期的食品而索赔,属于行使法定权利。因此欧尚超市江宁店认为孙银山“买假索赔”不是消费者的抗辩理由不能成立。
 ......

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