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Guiding Case No. 56: Han Fengbin v. Inner Mongolia Jiujun Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. et al. (Case regarding objection to jurisdiction over product liability dispute)
指导案例56号:韩凤彬诉内蒙古九郡药业有限责任公司等产品责任纠纷管辖权异议案
【法宝引证码】
  • Type of Dispute: Civil-->Tort
  • Legal document: Ruling
  • Judgment date: 03-27-2013
  • Procedural status: Retrial

Guiding Case No. 56: Han Fengbin v. Inner Mongolia Jiujun Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. et al. (Case regarding objection to jurisdiction over product liability dispute) 

指导案例56号:韩凤彬诉内蒙古九郡药业有限责任公司等产品责任纠纷管辖权异议案

(Issued on November 19, 2015 as deliberated and adopted by the Judicial Committee of the Supreme People's Court) (最高人民法院审判委员会讨论通过2015年11月19日发布)
Guiding Case No. 56 指导案例56号

Keywords 关键词
Civil action; objection to jurisdiction; retrial period 民事诉讼/管辖异议/再审期间
Key Points of Judgment 裁判要点
Where a party raises no objection to jurisdiction during the period of submitting a written statement of defense in the first instance trial, but raises an objection to jurisdiction in the second instance review or after the case is remanded for retrial, the people's court may not examine the objection. 当事人在一审提交答辩状期间未提出管辖异议,在二审或者再审发回重审时提出管辖异议的,人民法院不予审查。
Legal Provisions 相关法条
Article 127 of the Civil Procedure Law of the People's Republic of China 《中华人民共和国民事诉讼法》第127条
Basic Facts 基本案情
For the case of dispute over compensation for product quality damage between plaintiff Han Fengbin and defendants Inner Mongolia Jiujun Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. (hereinafter referred to as “Jiujun Pharmaceutical”), Shanghai Yunzhou Commercial Building Co., Ltd. (hereinafter referred to as “Yunzhou Commercial Building”), Radio and Television Shanghai (hereinafter referred to as “RTS”), and Dalian Hongyan Pharmacy Co., Ltd. (hereinafter referred to as “Hongyan Pharmacy”), the Intermediate People's Court of Dalian City, Liaoning Province entered a civil judgment (No. 4 [2007], First, Civil Rights, Dalian) on September 3, 2008. Jiujun Pharmaceutical, Yunzhou Commercial Building, and RTS refused to accept the judgment and appealed to the Higher People's Court of Liaoning Province. On May 24, 2010, the Higher People's Court of Liaoning Province entered a civil judgment (No. 400 [2008], Final, Civil DivisionI, HPC, Liaoning). After this judgment came into force, the retrial applicants Jiujun Pharmaceutical and Yunzhou Commercial Building filed an application for retrial with the Supreme People's Court. 原告韩凤彬诉被告内蒙古九郡药业有限责任公司(以下简称九郡药业)、上海云洲商厦有限公司(以下简称云洲商厦)、上海广播电视台(以下简称上海电视台)、大连鸿雁大药房有限公司(以下简称鸿雁大药房)产品质量损害赔偿纠纷一案,辽宁省大连市中级人民法院于2008年9月3日作出(2007)大民权初字第4号民事判决。九郡药业、云洲商厦、上海电视台不服,向辽宁省高级人民法院提起上诉。该院于2010年5月24日作出(2008)辽民一终字第400号民事判决。该判决发生法律效力后,再审申请人九郡药业、云洲商厦向最高人民法院申请再审。
On December 22 of the same year, the Supreme People's Court entered a civil ruling (No. 1019 [2010], Civil Complaint, Supreme People's Court) and directly reviewed the case. On August 3, 2011, it entered a civil ruling (No. 117 [2011], Civil Review, Supreme People's Court), in which the civil judgments of first instance and second instance were reversed and this case was remanded to the Intermediate People's Court of Dalian City, Liaoning Province for a retrial. In the retrial, Jiujun Pharmaceutical and Yunzhou Commercial Building raised an objection to jurisdiction. 最高人民法院于同年12月22日作出(2010)民申字第1019号民事裁定,提审本案,并于2011年8月3日作出(2011)民提字第117号民事裁定,撤销一、二审民事判决,发回辽宁省大连市中级人民法院重审。在重审中,九郡药业和云洲商厦提出管辖异议。
Judgment 裁判结果
On February 29, 2012, the Intermediate People's Court of Dalian City, Liaoning Province entered a civil ruling (No. 7 [2011], First, Civil Retrial, IPC, Dalian), holding that: It retried this case upon instructions of the People's Supreme People's Court. Since defendant Hongyan Pharmacy was domiciled in Zhongshan District, Dalian City, Liaoning Province, it entered the ruling on denying the objection to jurisdiction raised by Jiujun Pharmaceutical and Yunzhou Commercial Building. Jiujun Pharmaceutical and Yunzhou Commercial Building appealed. On May 7, 2012, the Higher People's Court of Liaoning Province entered a civil ruling (No. 1 [2012], Final, Civil Retrial, HPC, Liaoning), holding that: When plaintiff Han Fengbin instituted an action in the Intermediate People's Court of Dalian City, Hongyan Pharmacy domiciled in Dalian City was listed one of the defendants. Besides, in the original trial, plaintiff provided the relevant evidence for his drug purchase in Hongyan Pharmacy and such evidence was cross-examined in court. Therefore, Hongyan Pharmacy was an eligible defendant and the Intermediate People's Court of Dalian City had jurisdiction over this case. The Higher People's Court of Liaoning Province entered the ruling on dismissing the appeals of Jiujun Pharmaceutical and Yunzhou Commercial Building and affirming the original ruling. Afterwards, Jiujun Pharmaceutical and Yunzhou Commercial Building separately applied for retrial to the Supreme People's Court. On March 27, 2013, the Supreme People's Court entered a civil ruling (No. 27 [2013], Civil Retrial Application, Supreme People's Court) to deny the applications of Jiujun Pharmaceutical and Yunzhou Commercial Building for retrial. 辽宁省大连市中级人民法院于2012年2月29日作出(2011)大审民再初字第7号民事裁定,认为该院重审此案系接受最高人民法院指令,被告之一鸿雁大药房住所地在辽宁省大连市中山区,遂裁定驳回九郡药业和云洲商厦对管辖权提出的异议。九郡药业、云洲商厦提起上诉,辽宁省高级人民法院于2012年5月7日作出(2012)辽立一民再终字第1号民事裁定,认为原告韩凤彬在向大连市中级人民法院提起诉讼时,即将住所地在大连市的鸿雁大药房列为被告之一,且在原审过程中提交了在鸿雁大药房购药的相关证据并经庭审质证,鸿雁大药房属适格被告,大连市中级人民法院对该案有管辖权,遂裁定驳回上诉,维持原裁定。九郡药业、云洲商厦后分别向最高人民法院申请再审。最高人民法院于2013年3月27日作出(2013)民再申字第27号民事裁定,驳回九郡药业和云洲商厦的再审申请。
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