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The People's Procuratorate of Huqiu District of Suzhou City of Jiangsu Province v. Chengdu Gongruan Network Technology Co., Ltd., Sun Xianzhong, Zhang Tianping, Hong Lei and Liang Zhuoyong (A case about copyright infringement)
江苏省苏州市虎丘区人民检察院诉成都共软网络科技有限公司、孙显忠、张天平、洪磊、梁焯勇侵犯著作权案
【法宝引证码】

The People’s Procuratorate of Huqiu District of Suzhou City of Jiangsu Province v. Chengdu Gongruan Network Technology Co., Ltd., Sun Xianzhong, Zhang Tianping, Hong Lei and Liang Zhuoyong (A case about copyright infringement)
(A case about copyright infringement)
江苏省苏州市虎丘区人民检察院诉成都共软网络科技有限公司、孙显忠、张天平、洪磊、梁焯勇侵犯著作权案

The People's Procuratorate of Huqiu District of Suzhou City of Jiangsu Province v. Chengdu Gongruan Network Technology Co., Ltd., Sun Xianzhong, Zhang Tianping, Hong Lei and Liang Zhuoyong
(A case about copyright infringement)

 

江苏省苏州市虎丘区人民检察院诉成都共软网络科技有限公司、孙显忠、张天平、洪磊、梁焯勇侵犯著作权案

 [裁判摘要]

 一、根据《中华人民共和国刑法》第二百一十七条的规定,行为人以营利为目的,未经著作权人许可复制发行其文字作品、音乐、电影、电视、录像作品、计算机软件及其他作品,违法所得数额较大或者有其他严重情节的,构成侵犯著作权罪。判断行为人的行为是否构成侵犯著作权罪,应当从行为人是否以营利为目的、复制行为是否未经著作权人许可、是否实施了发行行为等方面加以分析。

 二、行为人未经著作权人许可复制其计算机软件,通过修改相应程序捆绑其他软件后在互联网上发布供他人下载,并因此获取广告费等收益的,属于刑法二百一十七条规定的“以营利为目的”的“复制发行”行为。
BASIC FACTS 

Public Prosecution Organ: The People's Procuratorate of Huqiu District of Suzhou City of Jiangsu Province

 公诉机关:江苏省苏州市虎丘区人民检察院。
Defendant: Chengdu Gongruan Network Technology Co., Ltd., domiciled at 9 Kehua Middle Road, Wuhou District, Chengdu City, Sichuan Province. 被告单位:成都共软网络科技有限公司。
Legal Representative: Sun Zhiqiang. 法定代表人:孙质强,该公司法定代表人。
Defendant: Sun Xianzhong, male, 29, general manager of Chengdu Gongruan Network Technology Co., Ltd., residing at Daguanyan Street, Jinjiang District, Chengdu City, Sichuan Province, arrested on January 22, 2009 for this case. 被告人:孙显忠。
Defendant: Zhang Tianping, male, 27, marketing director of Chengdu Gongruan Network Technology Co., Ltd. and manager of Chengdu Hongguo Technology Co., Ltd., residing at Longqiao Village, Tashui Town, An County, Sichuan Province, arrested on September 19, 2008 for this case. 被告人:张天平。
Defendant: Hong Lei, male, 30, person in charge of “Tomato Garden Studio”, residing at Yushan Road, Suzhou City, Jiangsu Province, arrested on September 19, 2008 for this case. 被告人:洪磊。
Defendant: Liang Zhuoyong, a.k.a. Liang Guohua, male, 29, staff member of “Tomato Garden Studio”, residing at Huancheng West Road, Panyu District, Guangzhou City, Guangdong Province, arrested on September 19, 2008 for this case. 被告人:梁焯勇,又名梁国华。
The People's Procuratorate of Huqiu District of Suzhou City of Jiangsu Province instituted a public prosecution in the People's Court of Huqiu District of Suzhou City of Jiangsu Province against Chengdu Gongruan Network Technology Co., Ltd. (hereinafter referred to as “Gongruan Company”) and Sun Xianzhong, Zhang Tianping, Hong Lei and Liang Zhuoyong for the crime of copyright infringement. 江苏省苏州市虎丘区人民检察院以被告单位成都共软网络科技有限公司(以下简称共软公司)及被告人孙显忠、张天平、洪磊、梁焯勇犯侵犯著作权罪,向江苏省苏州市虎丘区人民法院提起公诉。
According to the indictment, from December 2006 to August 2008, Sichuan Network Interactive Advertisement Co., Ltd. (hereinafter referred to as “Network Advertisement Company”, which was handled in a separate case) and Gongruan Company, for profits, allowed Sun Xianzhong to instruct Zhang Tianping to cooperate with Hong Lei and Liang Zhuoyong in producing several versions of “Tomato Garden” edition software by copying Microsoft Windows XP computer software without the permission of Microsoft Corporation, and in such manners as altering the browser homepage and default searching engine and tying in software of other companies, loaded the commercial plug-ins of Baidu Times Network Technology Co., Ltd. (Beijing), Beijing Alibaba Information Technology Co., Ltd., Beijing Sogou Technology Development Co., Ltd. and FlashGet Information Technology Co., Ltd. in the “Tomato Garden” edition software, which was released on the Internet websites of “Tomato Garden” and “redoo” and was downloaded by the public more than 100, 000 times. Baidu Times Network Technology Co., Ltd. (Beijing), Beijing Alibaba Information Technology Co., Ltd., Beijing Sogou Technology Development Co., Ltd. and FlashGet Information Technology Co., Ltd. paid Network Advertisement Company and Gongruan Company the advertising fees of 2,977,630.39 yuan in total. Article 217 of the Criminal Law of the People's Republic of China (hereinafter referred to as the “Criminal Law”) provided that: “Whoever, for profits, has committed any of the following conduct of copyright infringement shall be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not more than three years or criminal detention and a fine or be sentenced to a fine only if there is a large amount of illegal gains or there is any other serious circumstance; or be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not less than three years but not more than seven years and a fine if there is a huge amount of illegal gains or there is any other especially serious circumstance: (1) copying and distributing any literary, musical, cinematic, television, video, computer software or other work without the permission of the copyright owner thereof;…” According to this provision, the acts of Gongruan Company, Sun Xianzhong, Zhang Tianping, Hong Lei and Liang Zhuoyong all constituted the crime of copyright infringement punishable according to law. Zhang Tianping voluntarily turned himself in, and thus may be given a lighter or reduced punishment according to law. The public prosecutor requested the court to try this case in accordance with law. 起诉书指控:2006年12月至2008年 8月期间,四川网联互动广告有限公司(以下简称网联广告公司,另案处理)和被告单位共软公司出于营利目的,由被告人孙显忠指示被告人张天平和被告人洪磊、梁焯勇合作,在未经微软公司许可的情况下,复制微软Windows XP计算机软件后制作多款“番茄花园”版软件,并以修改浏览器主页、默认搜索页面、捆绑其他公司软件等形式,在“番茄花园”版软件中分别加载百度时代网络技术(北京)有限公司、北京阿里巴巴信息技术有限公司、北京搜狗科技发展有限公司、网际快车信息技术有限公司等多家单位的商业插件,通过互联网在“番茄花园”网站、“热度”网站发布供公众下载 10余万次,百度时代网络技术(北京)有限公司、北京阿里巴巴信息技术有限公司、北京搜狗科技发展有限公司、网际快车信息技术有限公司支付网联广告公司和共软公司广告费共2 977 630.39元。《中华人民共和国刑法》(以下简称刑法)第二百一十七条规定:“以营利为目的,有下列侵犯著作权情形之一,违法所得数额较大或者有其他严重情节的,处三年以下有期徒刑或者拘役,并处或者单处罚金;违法所得数额巨大或者有其他特别严重情节的,处三年以上七年以下有期徒刑,并处罚金:(一)未经著作权人许可,复制发行其文字作品、音乐、电影、电视、录像作品、计算机软件及其他作品的;………。”根据该规定,共软公司、孙显忠、张天平、洪磊、梁焯勇的行为均构成侵犯著作权罪,应当依法惩处。张天平有自首情节,依法可以从轻或者减轻处罚。提请法院依法审理。
The defendant, Gongruan Company, pleaded that: neither did it violate law, nor did the legal representative of it know that the acts of his company had violated law. 被告单位共软公司辩称:被告单位并未触犯法律,被告单位法定代表人也不知道本公司的行为触犯了法律。
The counsel of Gongruan Company argued that: None of the defendant and its legal representative, shareholders' meeting and board of directors participated in any way in the “Tomato Garden” infringement, the defendant objectively did not sign any cooperation contract with Hong Lei, and the individual behavior of Sun Xianzhong could not represent the company's behavior; the defendant's income related to this case should be distinguished from the income of the Network Advertisement Company from April 2007; the defendant's legal income was included in the over 2,900,000 yuan alleged in the indictment, and should be deducted; the defendant possessed a large amount of proprietary intellectual property and had made great contributions to the country and the society, but was on the verge of bankruptcy as a result of frozen accounts. The counsel requested the court to consider the actual situation of the defendant to protect its legal rights and interests pursuant to law. 被告单位共软公司的辩护人认为:被告单位及其法定代表人、股东会、董事会均未以任何形式参与“番茄花园”侵权,客观上被告单位也没有与被告人洪磊签订合作合同,被告人孙显忠的个人行为不能代表公司行为;被告单位涉案收入从2007年4月开始,应当与网联广告公司的收入区分开来;起诉书指控的290余万元中包括被告单位的合法收入,应当予以扣除;被告单位拥有大量自主知识产权,为国家和社会作出了巨大贡献,目前因账户被冻结濒临破产,请法院酌情考虑被告单位的实际情况,依法维护其合法权益。
The defendant, Sun Xianzhong, pleaded that: the criminal facts alleged in the indictment were wrong; he gave green light to the cooperation between Zhang Tianping and “Tomato Garden” before this case occurred, and until this case occurred did he knew that “Tomato Garden” had infringed upon the software copyright of Microsoft Corporation; so, his acts did not constitute a crime. 被告人孙显忠辩称:起诉书指控的犯罪事实有误,本人在案发前放手让被告人张天平与“番茄花园”合作,直到案发本人才知道“番茄花园”侵犯微软公司的软件著作权,本人的行为不构成犯罪。
The counsel of Sun Xianzhong argued that: Sun Xianzhong did not commit any act of illegally copying and distributing others' computer software works, and his business was affiliate network, i.e. cooperation with other companies by using his company's own software, theme resource kit, dzart.net, GiSoon browser, etc. Sun Xianzhong neither had the subjective intention to illegally copy and distribute the software of Microsoft Windows XP, nor instructed Hong Lei to infringe upon others' copyright. The amount of over 2,900,000 yuan alleged in the indictment included legitimate business income, and the distribution of Microsoft Windows XP software included others' secondary distribution by burning discs. Sun Xianzhong had little culpability subjectively, confessed voluntarily, showed good repentance and did not gain any personal benefit in the relevant activities. His counsel thus requested the court to handle it under the principle of acquittal in case of reasonable doubt (in dubio pro reo) pursuant to law. 被告人孙显忠的辩护人认为:孙显忠未实施非法复制发行他人计算机软件作品的行为,其经营内容是网络推广联盟,即利用自己的软件、主题资源包、格调网、极速浏览器等与其他公司合作。孙显忠不具有非法复制、发行微软Windows XP软件的主观故意,也没有指使被告人洪磊侵犯他人著作权;起诉书指控的290余万元中包括合法经营收入,发行微软Windows XP软件中还有其他人通过刻制光盘进行的二次传播;孙显忠主观恶性很小,认罪态度良好,且并未在相关活动中获得个人利益。建议法院按照疑罪从无的原则依法处理。
The defendant, Zhang Tianping, raised no objection to the criminal facts alleged in the indictment. 被告人张天平对起诉书指控的犯罪事实无异议。
The counsel of Zhang Tianping argued that: Zhang Tianping gradually learned in the working process that the website of “Tomato Garden” had the software of Microsoft Windows XP for downloading, but he did not participate in the copying and distribution thereof. His acts were just performance of his working duties, and he had little subjective culpability. As the marketing director of Gongruan Company, Zhang Tianping published advertisements on the website of “Tomato Garden” according to the requirements of his company, which was based on his working duties. He did not participate in person in the copying and distribution of Microsoft Windows XP software. Zhang Tianping turned himself in, voluntarily confessed, showed good repentance and was a first offender. The counsel thus requested the court to reduce the punishment on Zhang Tianping pursuant to law. 被告人张天平的辩护人认为:张天平在工作过程中逐渐了解到“番茄花园”网站上有微软Windows XP软件供人下载,但张天平并没有参与复制、发行,其行为只是为了履行自己的工作职责,主观恶性很小;张天平作为被告单位共软公司的市场总监,按照公司要求将广告投放在“番茄花园”网站上,是基于自己的工作职责而为,没有亲自参与微软Windows XP软件的复制发行;张天平具有自首情节,认罪态度较好,且系初犯,建议法院依法对张天平予以减轻处罚。
The defendant, Hong Lei, raised no objection to the criminal facts alleged in the indictment. 被告人洪磊对起诉书指控的犯罪事实无异议。
The counsel of Hong Lei argued that: The accusation in the indictment that the amount of illegal income was huge and the circumstances were serious was lack of factual basis. The present evidence could not prove that the advertising fees of more than 2,000,000 yuan paid by Baidu Company and other entities to Network Advertisement Company and Gongruan Company were income completely corresponding to the copying and distribution of the “Tomato Garden” edition of Microsoft Windows XP software. The accusation in the indictment that the defendants distributed the software of Microsoft Windows XP to the public through the website of “Tomato Garden” and website of “redoo” on the Internet for downloading more than 100,000 times was lack of basis, which could only be determined as the common number of clicks. 被告人洪磊的辩护人认为:起诉书关于违法所得数额巨大、情节严重的认定没有事实依据,现有证据不能证实百度公司等单位支付给网联广告公司及被告单位共软公司的二百多万元广告费,完全是对应于复制、发行“番茄花园”版微软Windows XP软件的收入;起诉书关于被告单位及被告人通过互联网在“番茄花园”网站、“热度”网站发布微软Windows XP软件供公众下载累计达10多万次的指控没有依据,只能认定为一般的点击数。
The defendant, Liang Zhuoyong, raised no objection to the criminal facts alleged in the indictment. 被告人梁焯勇对起诉书指控的犯罪事实无异议。
The counsel of Liang Zhuoyong argued that: Liang Zhuoyong was just an employee of “Tomato Garden” who developed the beautified edition of Microsoft Windows XP software according to the requirements of Hong Lei, which only accounted for a small portion of the entire case. In the beginning, Liang Zhuoyong's individual income was 3% of that of Hong Lei, and later was 8,000 yuan each month, which showed that Liang Zhuoyong did not play a major role in this case and he was an accomplice eligible for a lighter or reduced punishment. The advertising fee income alleged in the indictment, which included certain legitimate income, was not equal to illegal income. 被告人梁焯勇的辩护人认为:梁焯勇只是“番茄花园”的雇员,根据被告人洪磊的要求制作了微软Windows XP美化版软件,在整个案件中也只占很小的一部分。最初梁焯勇的个人收入是洪磊收入的3%,后来为每月8000元,说明梁焯勇在本案中不起主要作用,系从犯,应当从轻或减轻处罚;起诉书指控的广告费收入并不等同于违法犯罪所得,其中包括部分合法收入。
Though trial, the People's Court of Huqiu District of Suzhou City found that: 苏州市虎丘区人民法院经审理查明:
From December 2006 to August 2008, Network Advertisement Company and Gongruan Company, for profits, allowed Sun Xianzhong to instruct Zhang Tianping to cooperate with Hong Lei and Liang Zhuoyong in producing several versions of “Tomato Garden” edition software by copying the computer software of Microsoft Windows XP without the permission of Microsoft Corporation, and in such manners as altering the browser homepage and default search engine and tying in software of other companies, loaded the commercial plug-ins of Baidu Times Network Technology Co., Ltd. (Beijing), Beijing Alibaba Information Technology Co., Ltd., Beijing Sogou Technology Development Co., Ltd. and FlashGet Information Technology Co., Ltd. in the “Tomato Garden” edition software, which was released to the public for downloading on the “Tomato Garden” website and the “redoo” website on the Internet. Among them, the “Tomato Garden” WINXP SP3 V.3300, WINXP SP2 V3.3, WINXP SP3 V1.0, WINXP SP2 V3.5, WINXP SP2 V3.4, WINXP SP3 V1.21, WINXP SP3 V1.1 and WINXP SP2 installation editions and activation-free editions made under the charge of Hong Lei were downloaded 71,583 times in total, the “Tomato Garden” WINXP SP2 V6.2 and LEI NLITE XPSP3 V1.0 beautified editions made under the charge of Liang Zhuoyong were downloaded 8,018 times in total, and the “Tomato Garden” GHOST XP sp3 V1.0, GHOST XP sp3 V1.1 and GHOSTXP sp3 V1.2 editions made under the charge of Zheng Guobin (handled in a separate case) were downloaded 117,308 times in total. Gongruan Company gained illegal income of 935,665.53 yuan from Baidu Times Network Technology Co., Ltd. (Beijing), 1,611,996.46 yuan from Beijing Alibaba Information Technology Co., Ltd., 69,538.50 yuan from Beijing Sogou Technology Development Co., Ltd., and 307,086.6 yuan from FlashGet Information Technology Co., Ltd. In total, the related illegal income of Gongruan Company was 2,924,287.09 yuan. 2006年12月至2008年8月期间,网联广告公司和被告单位共软公司出于营利目的,由被告人孙显忠指使,经被告人张天平与被告人洪磊、梁焯勇合作,在未经微软公司许可的情况下,复制微软Windows XP计算机软件后制作多款“番茄花园”版软件,并以修改浏览器主页、默认搜索页面、捆绑其他公司软件等形式,在“番茄花园”版软件中分别加载百度时代网络技术(北京)有限公司、北京阿里巴巴信息技术有限公司、北京搜狗科技发展有限公司、网际快车信息技术有限公司等多家单位的商业插件,通过互联网在“番茄花园”网站、“热度”网站发布供公众下载。其中,洪磊负责制作的“番茄花园”WINXP SP3 V.3300、WINXP SP2 V3.3、WINXP SP3 V1.0、WINXP SP2 V3.5、WINXP SP2 V3.4、WINXP SP3 V1.21、WINXP SP3 V1.1、WINXP SP2安装版和免激活版累计下载71 583次,梁焯勇负责制作的“番茄花园”WINXP SP2 V6.2、 LEI NLITE XPSP3 V1.0美化版累计下载 8018次,郑国槟(另案处理)负责制作的“番茄花园”GHOST XP sp3 V1.0、GHOST XP sp3 V1.1、GHOSTXP sp3 V1.2版累计下载117 308次。共软公司从百度时代网络技术(北京)有限公司获取非法所得计人民币935 665.53元,从北京阿里巴巴信息技术有限公司获取非法所得计人民币 1611996.46元,从北京搜狗科技发展有限公司获取非法所得计人民币69 538.50元,从网际快车信息技术有限公司获取非法所得计人民币307 086.6元。综上,共软公司涉案违法所得共计人民币2 924 287.09元。
The above facts were sufficiently proved by the following evidence submitted by the public prosecution organ: the software registration certificate of Microsoft Windows XP Professional and certification thereof, the software product registration certificates of Microsoft Windows Server V2003 and Windows XP Professional Edition, the authentication reports (No.008 to No.024 [2008], China Copyright Authentication) and the supplementary explanations of the authentication reports (No.008 to No.024-2 [2008], China Copyright Authentication) issued by the Copyright Authentication Committee of China Copyright Protection Center, the cooperation agreement, cooperation contract, bank transaction details, financial details list, detailed account transaction history, fund transfer details, DWSO general ledger and DWSO subsidiary ledger of Gongruan Company, the testimonies of witnesses including Zheng Guobin, Chen Changmei, Hou Yan, Xia Qianzi, He Hongmei, Xue Bai, Liu Zhiyu, Wang Xiaoyang, Wei Xiao and Tong Weiliang, the remote inspection working records and electronic evidence inspection transcripts made by the Information Network Security Supervisory Division of the Public Security Bureau of Suzhou City, and the case solving and searching transcripts produced by the Huqiu Branch of the Public Security Bureau of Suzhou City. 上述事实,有公诉机关提交的 Microsoft Windows XP Professional软件注册证书以及证明、Microsoft Windows Server V2003和Windows XP Professional Edition软件产品登记证书,中国版权保护中心版权鉴定委员会出具的中版鉴字(2008)第 008号至第024号鉴定报告、中版鉴字 (2008)第008号至第024号-2号鉴定报告的补充说明,共软公司的合作协议、合作合同、银行交易明细、账务明细清单、户口历史交易明细表、资金往来明细、DWSO总账、DWSO分类明细,证人郑国槟、陈昌美、侯燕、夏倩姊、何红梅、薛柏、刘志宇、王晓阳、魏潇、童玮亮等人的证言,苏州市公安局信息网络安全监察处制作的远程勘验工作记录、电子证物检查笔录,苏州市公安局虎丘分局出具的发破案经过、搜查笔录等证据在案为证,足以证实。
DISPUTED ISSUES 
The focal dispute of this case was: whether the acts of Gongruan Company, Sun Xianzhong, Zhang Tianping, Hong Lei and Liang Zhuoyong constituted the crime of copyright infringement. 本案的争议焦点是:被告单位共软公司及被告人孙显忠、张天平、洪磊、梁焯勇的行为是否构成侵犯著作权罪。
Upon trial, the People's Court of Huqiu District of Suzhou City was of the opinion that: 苏州市虎丘区人民法院经审理认为:
Article 217 of the Criminal Law provided that: “Whoever, for profits, has committed any of the following conduct of copyright infringement shall be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not more than three years or criminal detention and a fine or be sentenced to a fine only if there is a large amount of illegal gains or there is any other serious circumstance; or be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not less than three years but not more than seven years and a fine if there is a huge amount of illegal gains or there is any other especially serious circumstance: (1) copying and distributing any literary, musical, cinematic, television, video, computer software or other work without the permission of the copyright owner thereof;…” This Article expressly provided for the crime of copyright infringement. Whether the acts of Gongruan Company, Sun Xianzhong, Zhang Tianping, Hong Lei and Liang Zhuoyong in this case constituted the crime of copyright infringement should be judged according to the provisions of this Article through analysis in the following aspects: whether their acts were for the purpose of making profits, whether the copying was made without the permission of the software copyright owner and whether there were acts of distribution. 刑法二百一十七条规定:“以营利为目的,有下列侵犯著作权情形之一,违法所得数额较大或者有其他严重情节的,处三年以下有期徒刑或者拘役,并处或者单处罚金;违法所得数额巨大或者有其他特别严重情节的,处三年以上七年以下有期徒刑,并处罚金:(一)未经著作权人许可,复制发行其文字作品、音乐、电影、电视、录像作品、计算机软件及其他作品的;………。”该条就侵犯著作权罪作出了明确规定。判断本案被告单位共软公司及被告人孙显忠、张天平、洪磊、梁焯勇的行为是否构成侵犯著作权罪,应当根据该条规定.从行为人是否以营利为目的、是否在未经软件著作权人许可的情况下进行复制、是否实施了发行行为几个方面分别加以分析。
1. Whether Gongruan Company, Sun Xianzhong, Zhang Tianping, Hong Lei and Liang Zhuoyong committed the alleged acts for the purpose of making profits. Paragraph 1 of Article 11 of the Interpretation of the Supreme People's Court and the Supreme People's Procuratorate of Some Issues concerning the Specific Application of Law in the Handling of Criminal Cases about Infringement upon Intellectual Property Rights provided that: “Directly or indirectly charging fees by publishing commercial advertisement and other means shall be deemed to meet the condition of “for profits” as prescribed in Article 217 of the Criminal Law.” In this case, the Tomato Garden Windows series of software distributed via the Internet on the “Tomato Garden” website and the “redoo” website by the defendants were for the public to download for free without any direct profits, but when they released the “Tomato Garden” Windows series of software, the defendants gained advertising fees, popularization fees and other huge amount of indirect income amounting to 2,924,287.09 yuan by altering the browser homepage and default search engine, tying in customers' commercial software needing popularization and other means, Therefore, it may be determined that the true purposes of the acts of Gongruan Company, Sun Xianzhong, Zhang Tianping, Hong Lei and Liang Zhuoyong were to pursue huge amounts of advertising fees and popularization fees, i.e. obviously for profits. 首先,关于被告单位共软公司及被告人孙显忠、张天平、洪磊、梁焯勇实施涉案行为是否以营利为目的问题。最高人民法院、最高人民检察院《关于办理侵犯知识产权刑事案件具体应用法律若干问题的解释》第十一条

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第一款规定:“以刊登收费广告等方式直接或者间接收取费用的情形,属于刑法二百一十七条规定的‘以营利为目的'。”本案中,虽然被告单位及各被告人通过互联网在“番茄花园”网站、“热度”网站发布涉案番茄花园版Windows系列软件时,是供公众免费下载的,没有直接从中营利,但在发布涉案“番茄花园”版 Windows系列软件的同时,被告单位及各被告人通过修改浏览器主页、默认搜索页面、捆绑需推广的客户商业软件等手段,获得了广告费、推广费等巨额间接收入,共计人民币2 924 287.09元。因此,可以认定共软公司、孙显忠、张天平与洪磊、梁焯勇实施涉案行为的真实意图,正是在于追求巨额广告费、推广费收益,明显具有营利目的。
2. Whether Gongruan Company, Sun Xianzhong, Zhang Tianping, Hong Lei and Liang Zhuoyong copied the alleged series of software without the permission of the copyright owner. After investigation, it was found that Microsoft Corporation was the legal copyright owner of Microsoft Windows software. According to the remote inspection working records of the Information Network Security Supervisory Division of the Public Security Bureau of Suzhou City, the “Tomato Garden” Windows series of software displayed on their interfaces that the software was made by “Tomato Garden” under the authorization of Microsoft Corporation, whereas according to the certification issued by Microsoft Corporation, it had never authorized any individual or company to produce its software. According to the authentication reports (No.008 to No.024 [2008], China Copyright Authentication) and the supplementary explanations of the authentication reports (No.008 to No.024-2 [2008], China Copyright Authentication) issued by the Copyright Authentication Committee of China Copyright Protection Center, after comparison of the “Tomato Garden” Windows series of software with Microsoft Windows software, it was found that their kernel programs were all centralized under the Windows directory, and their directory structures and files were identical for the most part. Hence, it may be determined that the “Tomato Garden” Windows series of software were products based on the duplication of the kernel program of Microsoft Windows software, and the defendants committed copyright infringement by duplication without the permission of the software copyright owner. Sun Xianzhong, Zhang Tianping, Hong Lei and Liang Zhuoyong also admitted that the “Tomato Garden” Windows series of software was made by the modification and beautification of Microsoft Windows software without authorization. 第二,关于被告单位共软公司及被告人孙显忠、张天平、洪磊、梁焯勇是否未经著作权人许可而复制涉案系列软件的问题。经查,微软公司是微软Windows软件的合法著作权人。根据苏州市公安局信息网络安全监察处制作的远程勘验工作记录,“番茄花园”版Windows系列软件在界面上显示该软件系微软公司授权“番茄花园”制作,而根据微软公司出具的证明,微软公司没有授权任何个人、公司制作其软件。根据中国版权保护中心版权鉴定委员会出具的中版鉴字(2008)第008号至第024号鉴定报告以及中版鉴字(2008)第008号至第 024号-2号鉴定报告的补充说明,涉案“番茄花园”版Windows系列软件与微软Windows软件相比对,二者的核心程序均集中在Windows目录下,且二者的目录结构和文件存在大量相同的内容。据此,可以认定涉案“番茄花园”版Windows系列软件是根据微软Windows软件核心程序进行复制的产物,被告单位及各被告人系在未经软件著作权人许可的情况下实施侵权复制行为。被告人孙显忠、张天平、洪磊、梁焯勇在供述中,亦承认涉案“番茄花园”版Windows系列软件系盗用微软Windows软件加以修改、美化而成。
3. Whether Gongruan Company, Sun Xianzhong, Zhang Tianping, Hong Lei and Liang Zhuoyong committed acts of distribution. The term “distribution” in the information network context was somewhat different from the “distribution” via common media. According to the provisions of paragraph 3 of Article 11 of the Interpretation of the Supreme People's Court and the Supreme People's Procuratorate of Some Issues concerning the Specific Application of Law in the Handling of Criminal Cases about Infringement upon Intellectual Property Rights, disseminating any literary, musical, cinematic, television, video, computer software or other work of others to the public through an information network should be deemed the “distribution” mentioned in Article 217 of the Criminal Law. The defendants released the “Tomato Garden” Windows series of software for the general public to download via the Internet, which, therefore, should be deemed the “distribution” as prescribed in Article 217 of the Criminal Law whether they charged downloading fees or not. 第三,关于被告单位共软公司及被告人孙显忠、张天平、洪磊、梁焯勇是否实施了发行行为的问题。信息网络领域的“发行”存在一定的特殊性,与一般媒介的“发行”行为有区别。根据最高人民法院、最高人民检察院《关于办理侵犯知识产权刑事案件具体应用法律若干问题的解释》第十一条第三款的规定,行为人通过信息网络向公众传播他人文字作品、音乐、电影、电视、录像作品、计算机软件及其他作品的行为,应当视为刑法二百一十七条规定的“发行”行为。据此,本案被告单位及各被告人通过互联网发布涉案“番茄花园”版 Windows系列软件供不特定社会公众下载,无论其是否收取下载费用,都应当视为刑法二百一十七条规定的“发行”行为。
Paragraph 2 of Article 5 of the Interpretation of the Supreme People's Court and the Supreme People's Procuratorate of Some Issues concerning the Specific Application of Law in the Handling of Criminal Cases about Infringement upon Intellectual Property Rights provided that: “Whoever, for profits, commits any of the copyright infringements as described in Article 217来自北大法宝 of the Criminal Law with illegal income of not less than 150,000 yuan shall be deemed to have gained a ‘huge amount of illegal income'…” According to the facts found in this case, Gongruan Company, Sun Xianzhong, Zhang Tianping, Hong Lei and Liang Zhuoyong received advertising fees and popularization fees of 2,924,287.09 yuan in total by committing the alleged acts, which was a huge amount of illegal income. Article 1 of the Interpretation II of the Supreme People's Court and the Supreme People's Procuratorate of Some Issues concerning the Specific Application of Law in the Handling of Criminal Cases about Infringement upon Intellectual Property Rights provided that: “The ‘other serious circumstance' as mentioned in Article 217 of the Criminal Law shall refer to duplicating and distributing for profits any literary, musical, cinematic, television, video, computer software or other work of the copyright owner without permission from the copyright owner with the total quantity of duplicates being 500 copies or more; and the ‘other especially serious circumstance' as mentioned in Article 217 of the Criminal Law shall refer to duplicating and distributing the same with the total quantity of duplicates being 2,500 copies or more.” According to the results of the remote inspection of the “Tomato Garden” website and “redoo” website by the Information Network Security Supervisory Division of the Public Security Bureau of Suzhou City, the infringing “Tomato Garden” WINXP SP3 V.3300, WINXP SP2 V3.3, WINXP SP3 V1.0, WINXP SP2 V3.5, WINXP SP2 V3.4, WINXP SP3 V1.21, WINXP SP3 V1.1 and WINXP SP2 installation and activation-free edition software made under the charge of Hong Lei was downloaded 71,583 times in total, and the infringing “Tomato Garden” WINXP SP2 V6.2 and LEI NLITE XPSP3 V1.0 beautification edition software made under the charge of Liang Zhuoyong was downloaded 8,018 times in total. So, it may be determined that the quantity of the duplicates involved in this case were above 2,500 copies, the defendants' criminal acts of copyright infringement met the “other especially serious circumstance” as prescribed in Article 217 of the Criminal Law. 最高人民法院、最高人民检察院《关于办理侵犯知识产权刑事案件具体应用法律若干问题的解释》第五条第二款规定:“以营利为目的,实施刑法法小宝二百一十七条所列侵犯著作权行为之一,违法所得数额在十五万元以上的,属于‘违法所得数额巨大'……”根据本案查明的事实,被告单位共软公司及被告人孙显忠、张天平、洪磊、梁焯勇通过实施涉案行为,收取广告费、推广费共计人民币2 924 287.09元,属于违法所得数额巨大。最高人民法院、最高人民检察院《关于办理侵犯知识产权刑事案件具体应用法律若干问题的解释(二)》第一条规定:“以营利为目的,未经著作权人许可,复制发行其文字作品、音乐、电影、电视、录像作品、计算机软件及其他作品,复制品数量合计在五百张(份)以上的,属于刑法二百一十七条规定的‘有其他严重情节';复制品数量在二千五百张(份)以上的,属于刑法二百一十七条规定的‘有其他特别严重情节'。”根据苏州市公安局信息网络安全监察处对“番茄花园”网站和“热度”网站进行远程勘验的结果,洪磊负责制作的“番茄花园”WINXP SP3 V.3300、 WINXP SP2 V3.3、WINXP SP3 V1.0、 WINXP SP2 V3.5、WINXP SP2 V3.4、 WINXP SP3 V1.21、WINXP SP3 V1.1、 WINXP SP2安装版和免激活版等侵权软件累计下载71 583次,梁焯勇负责制作的“番茄花园”WINXP SP2 V6.2、LEI NLITE XP SP3 V1.0美化版等侵权软件累计下载 8018次。据此,可以认定涉案复制品数量在2500张(份)以上,被告单位及各被告人实施涉案侵犯著作权犯罪行为具有刑法二百一十七条规定的“其他特别严重情节”。
JUDGMENT 
In conclusion, Gongruan Company, Sun Xianzhong, Zhang Tianping, Hong Lei and Liang Zhuoyong copied and distributed the computer software of the copyright owner without the latter's permission for profits, their illegal income was huge, and the case was especially serious. They all had committed the crime of copyright infringement. Sun Xianzhong as the directly liable person in charge of Gongruan Company and Zhang Tianping as the directly liable person of Gongruan Company should assume criminal liability according to law. In the joint crime, Gongruan Company, Sun Xianzhong, Zhang Tianping and Hong Lei played a principal role, and thus were principal offenders who should be punished for the whole crimes that they had participated in. Liang Zhuoyong copied and distributed computer software of others under the instruction of Hong Lei, played an accessory role in the joint crime, and thus was an accessory offender who should be given a reduced punishment. Zhang Tianping voluntarily turned himself in after committing the crime, and truthfully confessed, which constituted voluntary surrender, so he may be given a reduced punishment according to law. In accordance with Article 217.1(1), Article 220, Articles 25.1 and 25.4, Article 64, Articles 27.1 and 27.2 and Article 67.1 of the Criminal Law, Article 5.2 of the Interpretation of the Supreme People's Court and the Supreme People's Procuratorate of Some Issues concerning the Specific Application of Law in the Handling of Criminal Cases about Infringement upon Intellectual Property Rights and Article 1 of the Interpretation II of the Supreme People's Court and the Supreme People's Procuratorate of Some Issues concerning the Specific Application of Law in the Handling of Criminal Cases about Infringement upon Intellectual Property Rights, the People's Court of Huqiu District of Suzhou City rendered the following judgment on August 20, 2009: (1) The defendant, Chengdu Gongruan Network Technology Co., Ltd., should be sentenced to a fine of 8,772,861.27 yuan, which should be turned over to the State Treasury, for the crime of copyright infringement. (2) The defendant, Sun Xianzhong, should be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of three years and six months and a fine of 1,000,000 yuan, which should be turned over to the State Treasury, for the crime of copyright infringement. (3) The defendant, Zhang Tianping, should be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of two years and a fine of 100,000 yuan, which should be turned over to the State Treasury, for the crime of copyright infringement. (4) The defendant, Hong Lei, should be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of three years and six months and a fine of 1,000,000 yuan, which should be turned over to the State Treasury, for the crime of copyright infringement. (5) The defendant, Liang Zhuoyong, should be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of two years and a fine of 100,000 yuan, which should be turned over to the State Treasury, for the crime of copyright infringement. (6) The illegal income of 2,924,287. 09 yuan of the defendant, Chengdu Gongruan Network Technology Co., Ltd., should be confiscated and turned over to the State Treasury. 综上,被告单位共软公司及被告人孙显忠、张天平、洪磊、梁焯勇以营利为目的,未经著作权人许可复制发行其计算机软件,违法所得数额巨大,情节特别严重,均已构成侵犯著作权罪。孙显忠作为被告单位直接负责的主管人员,张天平作为被告单位的直接责任人员,应当依法承担刑事责任。在共同犯罪中,被告单位及孙显忠、张天平、洪磊均起主要作用,均系主犯,应按照其参与的全部犯罪处罚。梁焯勇受洪磊指使复制、发行他人计算机软件,在共同犯罪中起辅助作用,系从犯,应减轻处罚。张天平犯罪后自动投案,如实供述自己的罪行,构成自首,依法可减轻处罚。据此,苏州市虎丘区人民法院依据刑法第第二百一十七条第一款第一项,第二百二十条,第二十五条第一款、第四款,第六十四条、第二十七条第一款、第二款,第六十七条第一款及最高人民法院、最高人民检察院《关于办理侵犯知识产权刑事案件具体应用法律若干问题的解释》第五条第二款、最高人民法院、最高人民检察院《关于办理侵犯知识产权刑事案件具体应用法律若干问题的解释 (二)》第一条之规定,于2009年8月20日判决:一、被告单位成都共软网络科技有限公司犯侵犯著作权罪,判处罚金人民币八百七十七万二千八百六十一元二角七分,上缴国库。二、被告人孙显忠犯侵犯著作权罪,判处有期徒刑三年六个月,并处罚金人民币一百万元,上缴国库。三、被告人张天平犯侵犯著作权罪,判处有期徒刑二年,并处罚金人民币十万元,上缴国库。四、被告人洪磊犯侵犯著作权罪,判处有期徒刑三年六个月,并处罚金人民币一百万元,上缴国库。五、被告人梁焯勇犯侵犯著作权罪,判处有期徒刑二年,并处罚金人民币十万元,上缴国库。六、被告单位成都共软网络科技有限公司的违法所得计人民币二百九十二万四千二百八十七元零九分,予以没收,上缴国库。
After the judgment of first instance were announced, none of the defendants, Gongruan Company, Sun Xianzhong, Zhang Tianping, Hong Lei and Liang Zhuoyong, appealed, nor did the public prosecution organ appealed. The judgment of first instance came into force.

 一审宣判后,被告单位共软公司及被告人孙显忠、张天平、洪磊、梁焯勇均未提出上诉,公诉机关未提起抗诉,一审判决已经发生法律效力。
 

     
     
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