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Li Weixiang v. Li Gemei (A case about disputes over right of succession)
李维祥诉李格梅继承权纠纷案
【法宝引证码】
  • Type of Dispute: Civil-->Marriage/Family & Inheritance
  • Legal document: Judgment
  • Judgment date: 05-13-2009
  • Procedural status: Trial at First Instance
  • Source: SPC Gazette,Issue 12,2009

Li Weixiang v. Li Gemei (A case about disputes over right of succession)
(A case about disputes over right of succession)
李维祥诉李格梅继承权纠纷案

Li Weixiang v. Li Gemei
(A case about disputes over right of succession)

 

李维祥诉李格梅继承权纠纷案

[Summary]

 [裁判摘要]

Under Article 15 ofthe Rural LandContracting Law of the People's Republic of China, where rural land is under household contracting, the contractor is the collective economic organization of the farmer household, so the nature of such contracting is that of the internal contracted management right in rural land to the collective economic organization of the farmer's household,and the right is the right of the household, not to a specific member of thehousehold. Under Article 3 of the Succession Law of the People's Republic of China, an inheritance is the lawful personal property handed down after acitizen's death. As the contracted management right in rural land is not personal property, no inheritance is involved in such a right. As to household contracting of land other than forest land, when one or more persons in a farmer's household dies, because the contracted management exists on a household basis, other members of the household may continue contracted management; when all family members die, because the contracted managementright is based on collective member rights, the contracted management rights are extinguished, and the right is not inherited by the heirs of any member of the family and cannot be disposed of as the inheritance of the household members.

 根据《中华人民共和国农村土地承包法》第十五条的规定,农村土地家庭承包的,承包方是本集体经济组织的农户,其本质特征是以本集体经济组织内部的农户家庭为单位实行农村土地承包经营。家庭承包方式的农村土地承包经营权属于农户家庭,而不属于某一个家庭成员。根据《中华人民共和国继承法》第三条的规定,遗产是公民死亡时遗留的个人合法财产。农村土地承包经营权不属于个人财产,故不发生继承问题。除林地外的家庭承包,当承包农地的农户家庭中的一人或几人死亡,承包经营仍然是以户为单位,承包地仍由该农户的其他家庭成员继续承包经营;当承包经营农户家庭的成员全部死亡,由于承包经营权的取得是以集体成员权为基础,该土地承包经营权归于消灭,不能由该农户家庭成员的继承人继续承包经营,更不能作为该农户家庭成员的遗产处理。
...... 
 原告:李维祥,男,41岁,汉族,住南京市江宁区江宁街道司家社区。
 被告:李格梅,女,43岁,汉族,住南京市江宁区江宁街道司家社区。
 原告李维祥因与被告李格梅发生继承权纠纷,向江苏省南京市江宁区人民法院提起诉讼。
 原告李维祥诉称:原告与被告李格梅系姐弟关系。1998年2月13日,原告父亲李圣云将其承包的农田3.08亩转包给同村村民芮国宁经营,因李圣云不识字,转包合同由李格梅代签。后李圣云于2004年去世,去世前将上述3.08亩农地的承包证交给原告,并言明该3.08亩土地由本人和李格梅共同继承,每人一半。但李格梅一直将该3.08亩土地全部据为已有。原告曾多次与李格梅协商,李格梅均不同意返还。请求判令原告对该3.08亩土地中的1.54亩土地享有继承权,判令被告向原告交付该部分土地。
 被告李格梅辩称:讼争土地应全部由被告承包经营,理由为:1.原告李维祥系非农业户口,不应享有农村土地的承包经营权;2.原、被告的父母去世的时间均已超过两年,原告的起诉已过诉讼时效;3.被告家庭人口比原告多,父母因此将讼争土地交给被告耕种;4.原告对父母所尽赡养义务较少,而被告对父母所尽赡养义务较多,应该多享有诉争土地承包权的继承份额。
 南京市江宁区人民法院一审查明:
 被告李格梅与原告李维祥系姐弟关系。农村土地实行第一轮家庭承包经营时,原、被告及其父李圣云、母周桂香共同生活。当时,李圣云家庭取得了6.68亩土地的承包经营权。此后李格梅、李维祥相继结婚并各自组建家庭。至1995年农村土地实行第二轮家庭承包经营时,当地农村集体经济组织对李圣云家庭原有6.68亩土地的承包经营权进行了重新划分,李维祥家庭取得了1.8亩土地的承包经营权,李格梅家庭取得了3.34亩土地的承包经营权,李圣云家庭取得了1.54亩土地的承包经营权,三个家庭均取得了相应的承包经营权证书。1998年2月,李圣云将其承包的 1.54亩土地流转给本村村民芮国宁经营,流转协议由李格梅代签。2004年11月3日和2005年4月4日,李圣云、周桂香夫妇相继去世。此后,李圣云家庭原承包的 1.54亩土地的流转收益被李格梅占有。
 ......

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