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No. 5 of the Model Cases of the People's Courts Concerning Safeguarding People's Livelihood: Zhang Hui and Zhang Gaoping's Application for Compensation for Judgment of Acquittal in Retrial by the Higher People's Court of Zhejiang Province (Application for Compensation for Judgment of Acquittal in Retrial )
人民法院保障民生典型案例之五:张辉、张高平申请浙江省高级人民法院再审无罪赔偿案
【法宝引证码】
  • Type of Dispute: State Compensation
  • Legal document: Judgment
  • Judgment date: 05-02-2013
  • Procedural status: Retrial
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No. 5 of the Model Cases of the People's Courts Concerning Safeguarding People's Livelihood: Zhang Hui and Zhang Gaoping's Application for Compensation for Judgment of Acquittal in Retrial by the Higher People's Court of Zhejiang Province (Application for Compensation for Judgment of Acquittal in Retrial )
(Application for Compensation for Judgment of Acquittal in Retrial )
人民法院保障民生典型案例之五:张辉、张高平申请浙江省高级人民法院再审无罪赔偿案
[Key Terms]
acquittal is made in a retrial ; state compensation ; organ with indemnifying obligation
[核心术语]
再审改判无罪;国家赔偿;赔偿义务机关
[Disputed Issues]
Where an actor has been sentenced, a judgment of acquittal is then made in a retrial, and the original sentence has already been served, can the victim apply for state compensation and how shall the organ obliged to make compensation handle it?
[争议焦点]
刑事案件中的行为人被判刑后,再审改判无罪,原刑罚已经执行的,申请国家赔偿能否获得支持?赔偿义务机关应如何处理?
[Case Summary]
Under the provisions of Article 17 of the State Compensation Law, where a judgment of acquittal is made in retrial under the trial supervision procedure, but the original sentence has already been served, the victim has right to obtain compensation. Therefore, an actor has been sentenced, a judgment of acquittal is then made in a retrial, and the original sentence has already been served, the victim has the right to apply for state compensation. Under the provisions of Articles 21 and 23 of the State Compensation Law, if a judgment of acquittal is made in a retrial, the people's court rendering the original effective sentence shall be the organ obligated to make compensation. An organ obligated to make compensation shall, within two months upon receipt of an application, make a decision on whether to make compensation. When deciding whether to make compensation, the organ obligated to make compensation shall fully listen to the opinion of the compensation claimant, and may consult the compensation claimant about the manner, items and amount of compensation. If the organ obligated to make compensation decides to make compensation, it shall prepare a written decision on compensation, and serve it on the compensation claimant within 10 days from the day on which the decision is made. If the organ obligated to make compensation decides not to make compensation, it shall notify the compensation claimant in writing of the decision within 10 days from the day on which the decision is made as well as the reasons for making the decision.
[案例要旨]
根据《国家赔偿法》第十七条的规定,依照审判监督程序再审改判无罪,原判刑罚已经执行的,受害人有取得赔偿的权利。因此,刑事案件中的行为人被判刑后,再审改判无罪,原刑罚已经执行的,可申请国家赔偿。根据《国家赔偿法》第二十一条、第二十三条的规定,再审改判无罪的,作出原生效判决的人民法院为赔偿义务机关。赔偿义务机关应当自收到申请之日起两个月内,作出是否赔偿的决定。赔偿义务机关作出赔偿决定,应当充分听取赔偿请求人的意见,并可以与赔偿请求人就赔偿方式、赔偿项目和赔偿数额依照相关规定进行协商。赔偿义务机关决定赔偿的,应当制作赔偿决定书,并自作出决定之日起十日内送达赔偿请求人。赔偿义务机关决定不予赔偿的,应当自作出决定之日起十日内书面通知赔偿请求人,并说明不予赔偿的理由。

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人民法院保障民生典型案例之五:张辉、张高平申请浙江省高级人民法院再审无罪赔偿案

 (一)基本案情
 张辉、张高平(张辉之叔)因涉及2003年发生在杭州的一起强奸致死案,被判决犯强奸罪并分别被判处死刑、缓期二年执行和有期徒刑十五年。案经再审,浙江省高级人民法院(下称浙江高院)于2013年3月26日公开宣判,撤销原一、二审判决,宣告张辉、张高平无罪。2013年5月2日,张辉、张高平分别向浙江高院递交国家赔偿申请,请求赔偿合计266万元,其中人身自由赔偿金120万元,精神损害抚慰金120万元,财产损失16万元,律师费10万元。
 (二)裁判结果
 浙江高院经审查认为,张辉、张高平自2003年5月23日被刑事拘留至2013年3月26日经再审无罪释放,各被限制人身自由3596天,应由该院按照法定标准赔偿人身自由赔偿金并综合考虑两人被错误定罪量刑、刑罚执行和工作生活受影响等具体情况酌定精神损害抚慰金。据此,该院于2013年5月17日作出国家赔偿决定,赔偿张辉、张高平人身自由赔偿金各65.57306万元,精神损害抚慰金各45万元。
 (三)典型意义
 本案系2013年社会各界高度关注的刑事冤错赔偿案件,审理期间和赔偿决定作出后,各大媒体、网站均予跟踪报道评论。浙江省高级人民法院作为赔偿义务机关,在依法及时充分赔偿的同时,针对张辉、张高平所提困难补助申请积极进行人道补偿救助,叔侄两人服判息诉,未向最高人民法院赔偿委员会申请作出国家赔偿决定。
 1.依法及时赔偿,让公平正义得以高效实现。为尽快实现赔偿请求人的合法权益,国家赔偿法为赔偿义务机关自赔程序设定了两个月的期限。
 本案中,浙江高院一方面于再审改判后即向张辉、张高平公开道歉,另一方面于收到赔偿申请的当日即予立案并派人听取了两人的意见,十五日后即最高人民法院发布《关于2013年作出的国家赔偿决定涉及侵犯公民人身自由权赔偿金标准的通知》之日作出国家赔偿决定,依法及时地保障了两人的合法权益,社会反响普遍较好,被网民、法律界人士评价为“赔得快也是一种正义”、“赔得快对蒙冤者也是一种慰藉”等。
 2.依法充分赔偿,体现了以人为本的司法关怀。为适应我国经济社会发展水平,国家赔偿法实行法定赔偿,只对属于法定范围且符合法定条件的赔偿项目按照法定标准计算赔偿金,例外项目如精神损害抚慰金允许自由裁量。本案中,浙江高院自始即确定了用好用足现有法律规定的工作思路,对属于国家赔偿范围的赔偿请求,按照法定标准确定人身自由赔偿金,并根据当地经济发展水平,综合张辉、张高平被错误定罪量刑、刑罚执行和工作生活受影响等具体情况,依法酌定了精神损害抚慰金,体现了以人为本的司法关怀。
 3.“改、赔、补”紧密衔接,实现了法律效果和社会效果的有机统一。在本案再审期间,浙江高院即根据案件进展拟定了初步的国家赔偿方案和补偿救助方案。再审改判无罪且张辉、张高平提出国家赔偿申请后,国家赔偿工作即快速启动并及时办结,补偿救助问题亦同步研究并在赔偿处理后期特别是结案后即紧锣密鼓开展,三项工作衔接紧密,有效促成了张辉、张高平服判息诉,实现了法律效果和社会效果的有机统一,为其他冤错赔偿案件的处理,起到了引领示范作用。
     
     
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