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Cultural Relics Protection Law of the People's Republic of China (1991 Amendment) [Revised]
中华人民共和国文物保护法(1991修正) [已被修订]
【法宝引证码】

CULTURAL RELICS PROTECTION LAW OF THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA 

中华人民共和国文物保护法

(Adopted at the 25th Meeting of the Standing Committee of the Fifth National People's Congress and promulgated by Order No. 11 of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress on, and effective as of November 19, 1982; amended in accordance with the Decision on RevisingArticle 3031of theCultural Relics Protection Law of the People's Republic of Chinaas adopted at the 20th Session of the Standing Committee of the Seventh National People's Congress on June 29,199) (1982年11月19日第五届全国人民代表大会常务委员会第二十五次会议通过 根据1991年6月29日第七届全国人民代表大会常务委员会第二十次会议《关于修改<中华人民共和国文物保护法>第三十条第三十一条的决定》修正)

CONTENTS 目录
CHAPTER I GENERAL PROVISIONS 第一章 总则
 
CHAPTER II SITES TO BE PROTECTED FOR THEIR HISTORICAL AND CULTURAL VALUE 第二章 文物保护单位
 
CHAPTER III ARCHAEOLOGICAL EXCAVATIONS 第三章 考古发掘
 
CHAPTER IV CULTURAL RELICS IN THE COLLECTION OF CULTURAL INSTITUTIONS 第四章 馆藏文物
 
CHAPTER V CULTURAL RELICS IN PRIVATE COLLECTIONS 第五章 私人收藏文物
 
CHAPTER VI TAKING CULTURAL RELICS OUT OF CHINA 第六章 文物出境
 
CHAPTER VII AWARDS AND PENALTIES 第七章 奖励与惩罚
 
CHAPTER VIII SUPPLEMENTARY PROVISIONS 第八章 附则
 
CHAPTER I GENERAL PROVISIONS 

第一章 总则

 
Article 1. This Law is formulated with a view to strengthening state protection of cultural relics, contributing to the development of scientific research, inheriting the splendid historical and cultural legacy of our nation, conducting education in patriotism and in the revolutionary tradition, and building a socialist society with an advanced culture and ideology.   第一条 为了加强国家对文物的保护,有利于开展科学研究工作,继承我国优秀的历史文化遗产,进行爱国主义和革命传统教育,建设社会主义精神文明,特制定本法。
Article 2. The state shall place under its protection, within the boundaries of the People's Republic of China, the following cultural relics of historical, artistic or scientific value:   第二条 在中华人民共和国境内,下列具有历史、艺术、科学价值的文物,受国家保护:
(1) sites of ancient culture, ancient tombs, ancient architectural structures, cave temples and stone carvings that are of historical, artistic or scientific value; (一)具有历史、艺术、科学价值的古文化遗址、古墓葬、古建筑、石窟寺和石刻;
(2) buildings, memorial sites and memorial objects related to major historical events, revolutionary movements or famous people that are highly memorable or are of great significance for education or for the preservation of historical data; (二)与重大历史事件、革命运动和著名人物有关的,具有重要纪念意义、教育意义和史料价值的建筑物、遗址、纪念物;
(3) valuable works of art and handicraft articles dating from various historical periods; (三)历史上各时代珍贵的艺术品、工艺美术品;
(4) important revolutionary documents as well as manuscripts and ancient or old books and materials, etc., that are of historical, artistic or scientific value; and (四)重要的革命文献资料以及具有历史、艺术、科学价值的手稿、古旧图书资料等;
(5) typical material objects reflecting the social system, social production or the life of various nationalities in different historical periods. (五)反映历史上各时代、各民族社会制度、社会生产、社会生活的代表性实物。
The criteria and measures for the verification of cultural relics shall be formulated by the state department for cultural administration, which shall report them to the State Council for approval. 文物鉴定的标准和办法由国家文化行政管理部门制定,并报国务院批准。
Fossils of paleo vertebrates and paleo anthropoids of scientific value shall be protected by the state in the same way as cultural relics. 具有科学价值的古脊椎动物化石和古人类化石同文物一样受国家的保护。
Article 3. The state department for cultural administration shall take charge of the work concerning cultural relics throughout the country.   第三条 国家文化行政管理部门主管全国文物工作。
Local people's governments at various levels shall place under their protection cultural relics in their respective administrative areas. Provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities directly under the Central Government as well as autonomous prefectures, counties, autonomous counties and cities where there are relatively large amounts of cultural relics may set up organs for the protection and control of the cultural relics within their respective administrative areas. 地方各级人民政府保护本行政区域内的文物。各省、自治区、直辖市和文物较多的自治州、县、自治县、市可以设立文物保护管理机构,管理本行政区域内的文物工作。
All government organs, public organizations and individuals have the obligation to protect the country's cultural relics. 一切机关、组织和个人都有保护国家文物的义务。
Article 4. All cultural relics remaining underground or in the inland waters or territorial seas within the boundaries of the People's Republic of China shall be owned by the state.   第四条 中华人民共和国境内地下、内水和领海中遗存的一切文物,属于国家所有。
Sites of ancient culture, ancient tombs and cave temples shall be owned by the state. Memorial buildings, ancient architectural structures, stone carvings, etc., designated for protection by the state, unless governed by other state regulations, shall be owned by the state. 古文化遗址、古墓葬、石窟寺属于国家所有。国家指定保护的纪念建筑物、古建筑、石刻等,除国家另有规定的以外,属于国家所有。
Cultural relics in the collection of state organs, armed forces, enterprises owned by the whole people and public institutions shall be owned by the state. 国家机关、部队、全民所有制企业、事业组织收藏的文物,属于国家所有。
Article 5. Ownership of memorial buildings, ancient architectural structures and cultural relics handed down from generation to generation which belong to collectives or individuals shall be protected by state laws. Owners of the cultural relics must abide by the relevant state regulations governing the protection and control of cultural relics.   第五条 属于集体所有和私人所有的纪念建筑物、古建筑和传世文物,其所有权受国家法律的保护。文物的所有者必须遵守国家有关保护管理文物的规定。
Article 6. The expenses for the protection and control of cultural relics shall be listed in the budgets of the central and local governments.   第六条 文物保护管理经费分别列入中央和地方的财政预算。
CHAPTER II SITES TO BE PROTECTED FOR THEIR HISTORICAL AND CULTURAL VALUE 

第二章 文物保护单位

 
Article 7. Cultural relics, such as sites related to revolutionary history, memorial buildings, sites of ancient culture, ancient tombs, ancient architectural structures, cave temples, stone carvings, etc., shall be designated as sites to be protected for their historical and cultural value at different levels according to their historical, artistic or scientific value.   第七条 革命遗址、纪念建筑物、古文化遗址、古墓葬、古建筑、石窟寺、石刻等文物,应当根据它们的历史、艺术、科学价值,分别确定为不同级别的文物保护单位。
Sites to be protected for their historical and cultural value at the level of counties, autonomous counties and cities shall be approved and announced by the people's governments at the same level and reported to the people's governments of provinces, autonomous regions, or municipalities directly under the Central Government for the record. 县、自治县、市级文物保护单位,由县、自治县、市人民政府核定公布,并报省、自治区、直辖市人民政府备案。
Sites to be protected for their historical and cultural value at the level of provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities directly under the Central Government shall be approved and announced by the people's governments at the same level and reported to the State Council for the record. 省、自治区、直辖市级文物保护单位,由省、自治区、直辖市人民政府核定公布,并报国务院备案。
The state department for cultural administration shall select, from among the sites to be protected at different levels, those which have a significant historical, artistic or scientific value as major sites to be protected at the national level, or shall directly designate such sites and report them to the State Council for approval and announcement. 国家文化行政管理部门在各级文物保护单位中,选择具有重大历史、艺术、科学价值的作为全国重点文物保护单位,或者直接指定全国重点文物保护单位,报国务院核定公布。
Article 8. Cities with an unusual wealth of cultural relics of high historical value and major revolutionary significance shall be recommended to the State Council by the state department for cultural administration together with the department for urban and rural construction and environmental protection to be approved and announced as famous cities of historical and cultural value.   第八条 保存文物特别丰富、具有重大历史价值和革命意义的城市,由国家文化行政管理部门会同城乡建设环境保护部门报国务院核定公布为历史文化名城。
Article 9. The people's governments of provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities directly under the Central Government and of counties, autonomous counties and cities shall delimit the necessary scope of protection, put up signs and notices, and establish records and files for the historical and cultural sites to be protected at different levels and shall, in the light of different circumstances, establish special organs or assign full-time personnel to be responsible for the administration of these sites. The scope of protection and records and files for the major sites to be protected at the national level shall be reported by the departments for cultural administration of the provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities directly under the Central Government to the state department for cultural administration for the record.   第九条 各级文物保护单位,分别由省、自治区、直辖市人民政府和县、自治县、市人民政府划定必要的保护范围,作出标志说明,建立记录档案,并区别情况分别设置专门机构或者专人负责管理。全国重点文物保护单位的保护范围和记录档案,由省、自治区、直辖市文化行政管理部门报国家文化行政管理部门备案。
Article 10. When drawing up plans for urban and rural construction, the people's governments at various levels must see to it that protective measures for the historical and cultural sites to be protected at different levels are first worked out through consultation between the departments for urban and rural planning and the departments for cultural administration and that such measures are included in the plans.   第十条 各级人民政府制定城乡建设规划时,事先要由城乡规划部门会同文化行政管理部门商定对本行政区域内各级文物保护单位的保护措施,纳入规划。
Article 11. No additional construction project may be undertaken within the scope of protection for a historical and cultural site. In case of a special need, consent must be obtained from the people's government which made the original announcement on the designation of such a site and from the department for cultural administration at the next higher level. If an additional construction project is to be undertaken within the scope of protection for a major historical and cultural site to be protected at the national level, consent must be obtained from the people's government of the relevant province, autonomous region, or municipality directly under the Central Government and from the state department for cultural administration.   第十一条 文物保护单位的保护范围内不得进行其他建设工程。如有特殊需要,必须经原公布的人民政府和上一级文化行政管理部门同意。在全国重点文物保护单位范围内进行其他建设工程,必须经省、自治区、直辖市人民政府和国家文化行政管理部门同意。
Article 12. On the basis of the actual needs for the protection of cultural relics and with the approval of the people's government of a province, an autonomous region or a municipality directly under the Central Government, a certain area for the control of construction may be delimited around a site to be protected for its historical and cultural value. Construction of new buildings or other structures in such an area shall not deform the environmental features of the historical and cultural site. The design for construction must be agreed to by the department for cultural administration before it is submitted to the department for urban and rural planning for approval.   第十二条 根据保护文物的实际需要,经省、自治区、直辖市人民政府批准,可以在文物保护单位的周围划出一定的建设控制地带。在这个地带内修建新建筑和构筑物,不得破坏文物保护单位的环境风貌。其设计方案须征得文化行政管理部门同意后,报城乡规划部门批准。
Article 13. While choosing a construction site and designing a project, if the project involves a site to be protected for its historical and cultural value, the construction unit shall first work out the protective measures jointly with the department for cultural administration of a province, an autonomous region, or a municipality directly under the Central Government or of a county, an autonomous county or a city, and such measures shall be written into the planning project description.   第十三条 建设单位在进行选址和工程设计的时候,因建设工程涉及文物保护单位的,应当事先会同省、自治区、直辖市或者县、自治县、市文化行政管理部门确定保护措施,列入设计任务书。
Any removal or dismantling involving a site to be protected for its historical and cultural value, if considered specially necessary for a project, shall be agreed to by the people's government at the same level as the site itself and by the department for cultural administration at the next higher level. Any removal or dismantling involving a major site to be protected at the national level shall be referred to the State Council by the people's government of a province, an autonomous region or a municipality directly under the Central Government for decision. The expenses and workforce required for the removal or dismantling shall be included in the investment and labour plans of the construction unit. 因建设工程特别需要而必须对文物保护单位进行迁移或者拆除的,应根据文物保护单位的级别,经该级人民政府和上一级文化行政管理部门同意。全国重点文物保护单位的迁移或者拆除,由省、自治区、直辖市人民政府报国务院决定。迁移、拆除所需费用和劳动力由建设单位列入投资计划和劳动计划。
Article 14. The principle of keeping the cultural relics in their original state must be adhered to in the repairs and maintenance at the sites designated as the ones to be protected for their historical and cultural value and in any removal involving these sites, such as sites related to revolutionary history, memorial buildings, ancient tombs, ancient architectural structures, cave temples, stone carvings, etc. (including attachments to the structures).   第十四条 核定为文物保护单位的革命遗址、纪念建筑物、古墓葬、古建筑、石窟寺、石刻等(包括建筑物的附属物),在进行修缮、保养、迁移的时候,必须遵守不改变文物原状的原则。
Article 15. If it is necessary to use a memorial building or an ancient architectural structure owned by the state at a place designated as a site to be protected for its historical and cultural value for purposes other than the establishment of a museum, a cultural relics preservation institute or a tourist site, the local department for cultural administration shall submit a report for approval to the people's government which originally announced the designation of such a site. If it is necessary to use for other purposes a major site to be protected for its historical and cultural value at the national level, the matter shall be agreed to by the people's government of a province, an autonomous region, or a municipality directly under the Central Government and shall be reported to the State Council for approval. The units in charge of these sites as well as specially established organs, such as museums, must strictly abide by the principle of keeping the cultural relics in their original state, and must be responsible for the safety of the buildings and of the affiliated cultural relics, and may not damage, rebuild, extend or dismantle them. Units which use memorial buildings or ancient architectural structures shall be responsible for the maintenance and repair of these buildings or structures.   第十五条 核定为文物保护单位的属于国家所有的纪念建筑物或者古建筑,除可以建立博物馆、保管所或者辟为参观游览场所外,如果必须作其他用途,应当根据文物保护单位的级别,由当地文化行政管理部门报原公布的人民政府批准。全国重点文物保护单位如果必须作其他用途,应经省、自治区、直辖市人民政府同意,并报国务院批准。这些单位以及专设的博物馆等机构,都必须严格遵守不改变文物原状的原则,负责保护建筑物及附属文物的安全,不得损毁、改建、添建或者拆除。使用纪念建筑物、古建筑的单位,应当负责建筑物的保养和维修。
CHAPTER III ARCHAEOLOGICAL EXCAVATIONS 

第三章 考古发掘

 
Article 16. The procedure of submitting reports for approval must be performed for all archaeological excavations. No unit or individual may conduct excavations without permission. The cultural relics unearthed, except for those to be handed over, as may be necessary, to scientific research institutions for the purpose of research, shall be taken care of by units designated by local departments for cultural administration, and no unit or individual may take them into its or his own possession. With a view to ensuring the safety of the cultural relics, conducting scientific research and making full use of cultural relics, the departments for cultural administration of provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities directly under the Central Government may, when necessary, transfer and use the cultural relics within their respective administrative areas after reporting to and securing the approval of the people's governments of these administrative divisions; the state department for cultural administration may, upon approval by the State Council, transfer and use major cultural relics unearthed anywhere in the country.   第十六条 一切考古发掘工作,都必须履行报批手续。地下埋藏的文物,任何单位或者个人都不得私自发掘。出土的文物除根据需要交给科学研究部门研究的以外,由当地文化行政管理部门指定的单位保管,任何单位或者个人不得侵占。为了保证文物安全、进行科学研究和充分发挥文物的作用,省、自治区、直辖市文化行政管理部门,必要时可以报经省、自治区、直辖市人民政府批准,调用本行政区域内的出土文物;国家文化行政管理部门经国务院批准,可以调用全国的重要出土文物。
Article 17. To conduct archaeological excavations for the purpose of scientific research, institutions in charge of cultural relics, institutions for archaeological research and institutions of higher learning in the provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities directly under the Central Government shall submit their excavation programmes to the state department for cultural administration for joint examination with the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, and may not proceed with the excavations until they obtain the approval of the state department for cultural administration.   第十七条 各省、自治区、直辖市文物机构、考古研究机构和高等学校等,为了科学研究进行考古发掘,必须提出发掘计划,报国家文化行政管理部门会同中国社会科学院审查,经国家文化行政管理部门批准后,始得进行发掘。
Archaeological excavation programmes which have to be carried out at the major sites to be protected for their historical and cultural value at the national level shall be submitted to the state department for cultural administration for joint examination with the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences before they are forwarded to the State Council for approval. 需要对全国重点文物保护单位进行的考古发掘,由国家文化行政管理部门会同中国社会科学院审核后,报国务院批准。
Article 18. Before carrying out a large-scale capital construction project, the construction unit shall first conduct investigation or prospecting related to cultural relics, together with the department for cultural administration of a province, an autonomous region or a municipality directly under the Central Government, at places where such relics may be buried underground within the area designated for the project. If cultural relics are discovered in the course of investigation and prospecting, measures for handling them should be jointly decided upon by the two parties through consultation. In case of important discoveries, the department for cultural administration of a province, an autonomous region or a municipality directly under the Central Government shall submit timely reports for handling by the state department for cultural administration.   第十八条 在进行大型基本建设项目的时候,建设单位要事先会同省、自治区、直辖市文化行政管理部门在工程范围内有可能埋藏文物的地方进行文物的调查或者勘探工作。调查、勘探中发现文物,应当共同商定处理办法。遇有重要发现,由省、自治区、直辖市文化行政管理部门及时报国家文化行政管理部门处理。
While carrying out capital construction or agricultural production, any unit or individual that discovers cultural relics shall immediately report the discoveries to the local department for cultural administration. In case of important discoveries, the local department for cultural administration must submit timely reports for handling by the departments for cultural administration at higher levels. 在进行基本建设工程或者农业生产中,任何单位或者个人发现文物,应立即报告当地文化行政管理部门。遇有重要发现,当地文化行政管理部门必须及时报请上级文化行政管理部门处理。
Article 19. With regard to archaeological excavations which have to be carried out along with a construction project, the department for cultural administration of a province, an autonomous region or a municipality directly under the Central Government shall submit an excavation programme based on prospecting to the state department for cultural administration for joint examination with the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and for approval by the department. In cases where the pressing time limit for the completion of the project or the danger of natural damage makes it truly urgent to rescue the sites of ancient culture and ancient tombs, the department for cultural administration of a province, an autonomous region or a municipality directly under the Central Government may organize people to proceed with the excavations while going through the procedures to obtain approval.   第十九条 需要配合建设工程进行的考古发掘工作,应由省、自治区、直辖市文化行政管理部门在勘探工作的基础上提出发掘计划,报国家文化行政管理部门会同中国社会科学院审查,由国家文化行政管理部门批准。确因建设工期紧迫或有自然破坏的危险,对古文化遗址、古墓葬急需进行抢救的,可由省、自治区、直辖市文化行政管理部门组织力量进行发掘工作,并同时补办批准手续。
Article 20. The expenses and workforce needed for the prospecting for cultural relics and archaeological excavations which have to be carried out because of capital construction or construction for productive purposes shall be included in the investment and labour plans of the construction units or reported to planning departments at higher levels for proper arrangement.   第二十条 凡因进行基本建设和生产建设需要文物勘探、考古发掘的,所需费用和劳动力由建设单位列入投资计划和劳动计划,或者报上级计划部门解决。
Article 21. No foreign national or foreign organization may engage in archaeological investigations or excavations within the boundaries of the People's Republic of China without special permission granted by the State Council, on the basis of a report from the state department for cultural administration.   第二十一条 非经国家文化行政管理部门报国务院特别许可,任何外国人或者外国团体不得在中华人民共和国境内进行考古调查和发掘。
CHAPTER IV CULTURAL RELICS IN THE COLLECTION OF CULTURAL INSTITUTIONS 

第四章 馆藏文物

 
Article 22. Museums, libraries and other institutions under ownership by the whole people must classify the cultural relics in their collection by different grades, compile files for the relics kept by them, establish a strict system of control and register the relics with the relevant department for cultural administration.   第二十二条 全民所有的博物馆、图书馆和其他单位对收藏的文物,必须区分文物等级,设置藏品档案,建立严格的管理制度,并向文化行政管理部门登记。
Local departments for cultural administration at various levels shall compile files for the cultural relics in the collection of cultural institutions in their respective administrative areas; the state department for cultural administration shall compile files for Grade One cultural relics of the state. 地方各级文化行政管理部门,应分别建立本行政区域内的馆藏文物档案;国家文化行政管理部门应建立国家一级文物藏品档案。
Article 23. Sales of cultural relics in the collection of museums, libraries and other institutions under ownership by the whole people shall be prohibited. Transfers and exchanges among these institutions of the cultural relics in their collection must be reported to the departments for cultural administration for the record; transfers and exchanges of Grade One cultural relics in their collection must be approved by the state department for cultural administration. No unit or individual may have cultural relics transferred without approval.   第二十三条 全民所有的博物馆、图书馆和其他单位的文物藏品禁止出卖。这些单位进行文物藏品的调拨、交换,必须报文化行政管理部门备案;一级文物藏品的调拨、交换,须经国家文化行政管理部门批准。未经批准,任何单位或者个人不得调取文物。
CHAPTER V CULTURAL RELICS IN PRIVATE COLLECTIONS 

第五章 私人收藏文物

 
Article 24. Cultural relics in private collections may be purchased by units designated by the departments for cultural administration; no other unit or individual may engage in the business of purchasing cultural relics.   第二十四条 私人收藏的文物可以由文化行政管理部门指定的单位收购,其他任何单位或者个人不得经营文物收购业务。
Article 25. The resale of cultural relics in private collections at a profit shall be strictly forbidden, and so shall be the private sale of such relics to foreigners.   第二十五条 私人收藏的文物,严禁倒卖牟利,严禁私自卖给外国人。
Article 26. Banks, smelteries, paper mills and departments for the recovery of old and waste materials shall assume responsibility, jointly with the departments for cultural administration, for sorting out cultural relics from among gold and silver articles and waste materials. The cultural relics thus obtained, except for coins and other kinds of currency of past ages which are needed by research institutes of the banks and which may be kept by the banks, shall be turned over to and placed at the disposal of the departments for cultural administration. The prices of the cultural relics turned over shall be reasonably assessed.   第二十六条 银行、冶炼厂、造纸厂以及废旧物资回收部门,应与文化行政管理部门共同负责拣选出掺杂在金银器和废旧物资中的文物,除供银行研究所必需的历史货币可以由银行留用外,其余移交给文化行政管理部门处理。移交的文物须合理作价。
Important cultural relics confiscated according to law by public security organs, the Customs and the departments for the administration of industry and commerce shall be turned over to the departments for cultural administration. 公安、海关、工商行政管理部门依法没收的重要文物,应当移交给文化行政管理部门。
CHAPTER VI TAKING CULTURAL RELICS OUT OF CHINA 

第六章 文物出境

 
Article 27. Cultural relics to be exported or to be taken out of the country by individuals must be declared to the Customs in advance and examined by the department for cultural administration of a province, an autonomous region or a municipality directly under the Central Government designated by the state department for cultural administration before export certificates are granted. Cultural relics leaving the country must be shipped out at designated ports. Cultural relics which, after examination, are not permitted to leave the country may be requisitioned by the state through purchase.   第二十七条 文物出口和个人携带文物出境,都必须事先向海关申报,经国家文化行政管理部门指定的省、自治区、直辖市文化行政管理部门进行鉴定,并发给许可出口凭证。文物出境必须从指定口岸运出。经鉴定不能出境的文物,国家可以征购。
Article 28. It shall be prohibited to take out of the country any cultural relics of significant historical, artistic or scientific value, with the exception of those to be shipped abroad for exhibition with the approval of the State Council.   第二十八条 具有重要历史、艺术、科学价值的文物,除经国务院批准运往国外展览的以外,一律禁止出境。
CHAPTER VII AWARDS AND PENALTIES 

第七章 奖励与惩罚

 
Article 29. The state shall give appropriate moral encouragement or material awards to units or persons for any of the following deeds:   第二十九条 有下列事迹的单位或者个人,由国家给予适当的精神鼓励或者物质奖励:
(1) serious implementation of the policies, laws and regulations concerning cultural relics and remarkable achievements in protecting cultural relics; (一)认真执行文物政策法令,保护文物成绩显著的;
(2) resolute struggle against criminal acts, in the interest of protecting cultural relics; (二)为保护文物与违法犯罪行为作坚决斗争的;
(3) donation of important cultural relics in one's own collection to the state; (三)将个人收藏的重要文物捐献给国家的;
(4) timely communication of information on, or delivery of, the cultural relics discovered, which facilitates their protection; (四)发现文物及时上报或者上交,使文物得到保护的;
(5) important inventions and innovations in, or other major contributions to, the science and techniques for the protection of cultural relics; (五)在文物保护科学技术上有重要发明创造或者其他重要贡献的;
(6) meritorious service in rescuing cultural relics in danger of being destroyed; and (六)在文物面临破坏危险的时候,抢救文物有功的;
(7) long-time service and outstanding achievements in the field of cultural relics. (七)长期从事文物工作有显著成绩的。
Article 30. Administrative sanctions shall be applied to those who have committed any of the following acts:   第三十条 有下列行为之一的,给予行政处罚:
(1)  scrawling upon, defiling or mutilating cultural relics under State protection in not serious manners, or damaging or destroying signs put up in accordance with the provisions of Article 9 of this Law for places to be protected as cultural relics, for which the persons involved shall be fined or instructed to compensate for the losses thus incurred by the public security department or by the units to which the cultural relics belong; (一)刻划、涂污或者损坏国家保护的文物尚不严重的,或者损毁依照本法第九条规定设立的文物保护单位标志的,由公安部门或者文物所在单位处以罚款或者责令赔偿损失;
(2) hiding cultural relics discovered underground, in inland waters, in territorial seas or in other places and failing to report and deliver them to the state, for which the persons involved shall be warned or fined by a public security department and the cultural relics illegally acquired by them shall be recovered; (二)在地下、内水、领海及其他场所中发现文物隐匿不报,不上交国家的,由公安部门给予警告或者罚款,并追缴其非法所得的文物;
(3) undertaking construction projects within the scope of protection for a historical and cultural site, in contravention of the provisions of Article 11 of this Law, or constructing buildings or other structures within the area delimited for the control of construction around a site to be protected for its historical and cultural value, in contravention of the provisions of Article 12 of this Law, for which the persons involved shall be instructed by the departments for urban and rural planning, or by the said departments as suggested by the departments for cultural administration, to stop the construction and dismantle the buildings or other structures illegally constructed, or, shall be fined; (三)违反本法第十一条的规定,在文物保护单位的保护范围内进行建设工程的,或者违反本法第十二条的规定,在文物保护单位周围的建设控制地带修建建筑物、构筑物的,由城乡规划部门或者由城乡规划部门根据文化行政管理部门的意见责令停工,责令拆除违法修建的建筑物、构筑物或者处以罚款;
(4) carrying out such activities as demolition or excavation in the vicinity of sites to be protected for their historical and cultural value, thus endangering the safety of the cultural relics, for which the persons involved shall be stopped from continuing such activities by the public security department or by the said department as suggested by the departments for cultural administration, and may concurrently be fined; (四)在文物保护单位附近进行爆破、挖掘等活动,危及文物安全的,由公安部门或者由公安部门根据文化行政管理部门的意见予以制止,可以处以罚款;
(5) buying or selling cultural relics without the approval of the departments for cultural administration, for which, the persons involved shall have their illegal earnings derived therefrom and the cultural relics illegally handled confiscated by the administrative departments for industry and commerce on their own or as suggested by the departments for cultural administration, and may concurrently be fined; or (五)未经文化行政管理部门批准,从事文物购销活动的,由工商行政管理部门或者由工商行政管理部门根据文化行政管理部门的意见,没收其非法所得和非法经营的文物,可以并处罚款;

 
(6) dealing, by agencies of cultural relics, in any cultural relics, the buying or selling of which is not permitted by the departments for cultural administration, for which the agencies involved shall, after examination and verification by the administrative departments for industry and commerce in conjunction with the departments for cultural administration, have their illegal earnings confiscated by the administrative departments for industry and commerce, and may concurrently be fined or shall have the cultural relics illegally handled confiscated; (六)文物经营单位经营未经文化行政管理部门许可经营的文物的,经工商行政管理部门会同文化行政管理部门检查认定,由工商行政管理部门没收其非法所得,可以并处罚款或者没收其非法经营的文物;

 
(7) selling cultural relics in private collections to foreigners without permission, for which the persons involved shall be fined by the departments for the administration of industry and commerce, and the cultural relics in question and the illegal earnings derived therefrom may be confiscated; (七)将私人收藏的文物私自卖给外国人的,由工商行政管理部门罚款,并可没收其文物和非法所得;

 
(8) selling or presenting as gifts without permission any cultural relics in their collection by museums, libraries or like institutions under public ownership to other museums, libraries and like institutions under public ownership, for which, the institutions involved shall be instructed by the departments for cultural administration to recover the cultural relics sold or presented as gifts and shall have the illegal earnings derived therefrom confiscated or shall be fined; and the persons in charge and the persons directly responsible shall be given administrative sanctions by the units to which they belong or their higher authorities. (八)全民所有制博物馆、图书馆等单位将文物藏品出售或者私自赠送给其他全民所有制博物馆、图书馆等单位的,由文化行政管理部门责令追回出售、赠送的文物,没收其非法所得或者处以罚款,对主管人员和直接责任人员由其所在单位或者上级机关给予行政处分。
Anyone who is not satisfied with the administrative sanctions made in accordance with the provisions of the preceding paragraph may apply for reconsideration or bring a lawsuit according to law. 对于依照前款规定作出的行政处罚决定不服的,可以依法申请复议或者提起诉讼。
Article 31. Persons who commit any of the following acts shall be investigated for criminal responsibility according to law:   第三十一条 有下列行为之一的,依法追究刑事责任:
(1) misappropriating or stealing cultural relics of the state; (一)贪污或者盗窃国家文物的;
(2) serious cases of "smuggling cultural relics, the export of which is prohibited by the State or speculating in cultural relics; (二)走私国家禁止出口的文物或者进行文物投机倒把活动情节严重的;
(3) wilful damage of valuable cultural relics or places of cultural and historical interest under state protection; (三)故意破坏国家保护的珍贵文物或者名胜古迹的;
(4) serious damage of, or serious losses to valuable cultural relics caused by the dereliction of duty on the part of state personnel; and (四)盗掘古文化遗址、古墓葬的;
(5) excavating and robbing sites of ancient culture or ancient tombs (五)国家工作人员玩忽职守,造成珍贵文物损毁或者流失的。
Selling or presenting as gifts without permission any cultural relics in their collection by museums, libraries or like institutions under public ownership to any institution not under public ownership or to any individual, for which the persons in charge and the persons directly responsible shall be investigated for criminal responsibility by applying mutatis mutandis the provisions of Article 187 of the Criminal Law; 全民所有制博物馆、图书馆等单位将文物藏品出售或者私自赠送给非全民所有制单位或者个人的,对主管人员和直接责任人员比照刑法八十七条的规定追究刑事责任。
Functionaries of the State who, by abusing their power, illegally appropriate any cultural relics under State protection shall be deemed as embezzlers and punished as such; those who have caused serious damage or losses to valuable cultural relics shall be investigated for criminal responsibility by applying mutatis mutandis the provisions of Article 187 of the Criminal Law. 国家工作人员滥用职权,非法占有国家保护的文物的,以贪污论处;造成珍贵文物损毁的,比照刑法八十七条的规定追究刑事责任。
Any organization or individual who, without permission, sells or presents as a gift to a foreigner any valuable cultural relics in its, his or her collection, the export of which is prohibited by the State, shall be deemed as smuggler and punished as such. 任何组织或者个人将收藏的国家禁止出口的珍贵文物私自出售或者私自赠送给外国人的,以走私论处。
Personnel working in the field of cultural relics who steal cultural relics placed under their care shall be punished severely according to law. 文物工作人员对所管理的文物监守自盗的,依法从重处罚。
CHAPTER VIII SUPPLEMENTARY PROVISIONS 

第八章 附则

 
Article 32. The state department for cultural administration shall, in accordance with this Law, formulate rules for its implementation, which shall come into force after being submitted to and approved by the State Council.   第三十二条 国家文化行政管理部门根据本法制定实施细则,报国务院批准施行。
Measures governing the production of replicas, rubbings and photographs of cultural relics shall be formulated by the state department for cultural administration. 文物的复制、拓印、拍摄等管理办法由国家文化行政管理部门制定。
Article 33. This Law shall come into force on the day of its promulgation. On that same day, the Provisional Regulations on the Protection and Control of Cultural Relics promulgated by the State Council in 1961 shall be invalidated. This Law shall prevail in case of conflict with other existing provisions for the protection and control of cultural relics.   第三十三条 本法自公布之日起施行。1961年国务院颁发的《文物保护管理暂行条例》即行废止。其他有关文物保护管理的规定,凡与本法相抵触的,以本法为准。
     
     
【法宝引证码】        北大法宝en.pkulaw.cn
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