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China's Policy Paper on the European Union [Effective]
中国对欧盟政策文件 [现行有效]

China's Policy Paper on the European Union



(December 2018) (2018年12月)爱法律,有未来

Introduction 前言
The world is undergoing major development, changes and adjustments. The trend toward multi-polarity, economic globalization, IT application and cultural diversity is deepening. Countries are increasingly interconnected and interdependent. Meanwhile, the world is witnessing growing instabilities and uncertainties, with unilateralism, protectionism and de-globalization on the rise. 当今世界正处于大发展大变革大调整时期,世界多极化、经济全球化、社会信息化、文化多样化深入发展,各国相互联系和依存日益加深。同时,国际形势中不稳定不确定因素增多,单边主义、保护主义、逆全球化思潮抬头。
Remarkable socio-economic progress has been achieved since China launched reform and opening-up 40 years ago. Yet China's international status as the world's biggest developing country remains unchanged. Under the guidance of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, China will stay committed to pursuing peaceful development, comprehensively deepening reform and breaking new grounds in opening-up on all fronts, and building a new type of international relations and a community with a shared future for mankind in order to create new opportunities for and make fresh contributions to world peace and development. 改革开放40年来,中国经济社会发展成就巨大,但中国是世界最大发展中国家的国际地位没有变。中国将在习近平新时代中国特色社会主义思想指导下,坚定不移走和平发展道路,坚持全面深化改革,推动形成全面开放新格局,推动构建新型国际关系,推动构建人类命运共同体,为世界和平与发展创造新机遇、作出新贡献。
European integration has advanced as regional countries and their people endeavor to maintain peace and gain strength through unity. The European Union, a grouping of countries with the highest level of integration and strong overall strength, plays a strategically important role in the international arena. Despite events including Brexit, the EU has remained committed to the direction of integration, pressed ahead with reforms in response to challenges and played a major role in regional and international affairs. 欧洲一体化进程是欧洲国家和人民追求和平、联合自强的产物。作为当今世界一体化程度最高、综合实力雄厚的国家联合体,欧盟是国际格局中一支重要战略性力量。虽然近年欧盟发展受到英国脱欧等事件影响,但欧盟没有改变一体化方向,继续致力于推进改革、应对挑战,在地区和国际事务中发挥重要作用。
As major participants in and contributors to world multi-polarity and economic globalization, China and the EU share extensive common interests in upholding world peace and stability, promoting global prosperity and sustainable development and advancing human civilization, making the two sides indispensable partners to each other's reform and development. The EU has been China's largest trading partner for 14 years in a row and China the EU's second largest trading partner. Developing a sound relationship with the EU has long been a foreign policy priority for China. 中国和欧盟都是世界多极化、经济全球化进程的重要参与者和塑造者,在维护世界和平稳定、促进全球繁荣和可持续发展、推动人类文明进步等方面拥有广泛共同利益,也是各自改革与发展不可或缺的合作伙伴。欧盟已连续14年保持中国最大贸易伙伴地位,中国是欧盟第二大贸易伙伴。发展好同欧盟的关系一直是中国外交的优先方向之一。
The two policy papers on the EU issued by the Chinese government in 2003 and 2014 provided important guidance to the development of China-EU relations. The year 2018 marks the 15th anniversary of the China-EU Comprehensive Strategic Partnership and the 20th anniversary of the China-EU Summit. Based on past achievements and in keeping with the times, China's third policy paper on the EU aims at identifying the direction, principles and specific measures to deepen the China-EU Comprehensive Strategic Partnership in the new era and promote greater development of China-EU relations. 2003年和2014年,中国政府先后发表了两份对欧盟政策文件,为促进中欧关系发展提供了重要指导。2018年是中国欧盟全面战略伙伴关系建立15周年、中国-欧盟领导人会晤机制建立20周年。中国政府制订第三份对欧盟政策文件,旨在与时俱进、继往开来,进一步明确新时代深化中欧全面战略伙伴关系的方向、原则和具体举措,推动中欧关系取得更大发展。
Part One The Guiding Principles of China-EU Relations 第一部分 发展中欧关系的指导原则
Since the inception of the China-EU Comprehensive Strategic Partnership in 2003, the two sides have broadened and deepened their relations and fostered all-dimensional, multi-tiered and wide-ranging exchanges and cooperation. In his historic visit to the EU headquarters in 2014, President Xi Jinping reached important consensus with EU leaders on building China-EU partnership for peace, growth, reform and civilization, charting the course for deepening the win-win China-EU Comprehensive Strategic Partnership and setting out the overarching goals of China's policy on the EU in the long run. China proposes that the two sides view the China-EU relationship from a strategic and long-term perspective and adhere to the following principles in developing China-EU relations: 自2003年中国同欧盟建立全面战略伙伴关系以来,双方关系的广度和深度不断拓展,形成了全方位、多层次、宽领域交流合作的良好格局。2014年习近平主席对欧盟总部进行历史性访问,同欧盟领导人就打造中欧和平、增长、改革、文明四大伙伴关系达成重要共识,为进一步深化互利共赢的中欧全面战略伙伴关系指明了发展方向,明确了中国政府将长期坚持的对欧盟总体政策目标。中国主张从战略高度和长远角度看待和发展中欧关系,发展中欧关系应秉持以下原则:
-Uphold mutual respect, equality and the one China principle to cement the most important political foundation of China-EU relations. --坚持相互尊重,平等相待,坚持一个中国原则,巩固中欧关系最重要的政治基础。
-Uphold openness, inclusiveness and win-win cooperation, strengthen exchanges in development philosophy and coordination of development plans. --坚持开放包容,合作共赢,加强发展理念的交流和发展规划的对接。
-Uphold fairness and justice, stick together in trying times, and join hands to improve the global governance system. --坚持公平正义,同舟共济,共同推动完善全球治理体系。
-Uphold inter-civilization dialogue and harmony in diversity to facilitate mutual learning between the Chinese and European civilizations. --坚持文明对话,和而不同,促进中欧两大文明交流互鉴。
China welcomes a united, stable, open and prosperous Europe, supports the European integration process, and remains committed to developing ties with EU institutions, member states and other European countries in a comprehensive, balanced and mutually reinforcing manner. Based on common interests and needs, China and the Central and Eastern European countries have conducted win-win, open and transparent cross-regional cooperation. The support and constructive participation by the EU and other parties are welcomed. China hopes to see Brexit proceed in an orderly fashion and stands ready to advance China-EU and China-UK relations in parallel. 中国乐见一个团结、稳定、开放、繁荣的欧洲,一贯支持欧洲一体化进程,致力于全面均衡、相互促进地发展同欧盟机构、成员国及欧洲其他国家关系。中国-中东欧国家合作是基于中国和地区国家的共同利益和实际需要开展的互利多赢、开放透明的跨区域合作,欢迎欧盟等其他方面支持和建设性参与。中国希望英国脱离欧盟有序进行,愿推动中欧、中英关系并行发展。
China will continue to step up high-level exchanges with the EU and EU member states, fully leverage the role of the China-EU Summit in providing strategic guidance to China-EU relations, further implement the China-EU 2020 Strategic Agenda for Cooperation the two sides jointly formulated in 2013 and discuss follow-up plans, and reinforce inter-governmental exchanges and dialogues at various levels. Exchanges on an equal footing and mutual learning should be enhanced between our legislatures, political parties, localities and social groups. China and the EU should expand practical cooperation in various fields and engage in third party cooperation. These exchanges and cooperation will help the two sides draw on each other's strengths, embrace sound interactions and achieve common development. 中国将继续加强同欧盟及欧盟国家的高层交往,充分发挥中国-欧盟领导人会晤机制对中欧关系发展的战略引领作用,进一步落实好2013年双方共同制定的《中欧合作2020战略规划》并探讨后续规划,加强各层级政府间交流对话。加强立法机构、政党、地方、社会团体等各界平等交流和互学互鉴,深化和拓展各领域务实合作,开展第三方市场合作,在交流合作中取长补短、良性互动、共同发展。
As an important global public good from China, the Belt and Road Initiative follows the principle of consultation and cooperation for shared benefits, upholds openness, inclusiveness and transparency, observes international rules and market principles, and pursues high quality and high standards tailored to local conditions. China welcomes the active participation of the EU and other European countries in a joint effort to build a road that promotes peace, prosperity, openness and innovation, connects civilizations, facilitates green development, and upholds high ethical standards. 共建“一带一路”倡议是中国为国际社会提供的重要公共产品,坚持共商共建共享,主张开放包容透明,遵循国际规则和市场原则,在因地制宜的基础上追求高质量高标准。中方欢迎欧盟及欧洲国家积极参与合作,共同将“一带一路”建成和平、繁荣、开放、创新、文明、绿色、廉洁之路。
Honoring the commitment to respecting China's sovereignty and territorial integrity, upholding the one China principle with concrete actions, and respecting China's core interests and major concerns bear on the long-term stability and growth of China-EU relations. The EU should explicitly oppose “Taiwan independence” in any form, support China's peaceful reunification, and handle Taiwan-related issues with prudence. Exchanges between the EU and Taiwan should be strictly limited to nonofficial and people-to-people activities, and there should be no official contact or exchanges in any form. The EU should refrain from signing with Taiwan any agreement with sovereign implications or official in nature. No institutions of an official nature should be established. The EU should not endorse Taiwan's membership in any international organization where statehood is required, not sell Taiwan any weapons or any equipment, materials or technologies that can be used for military purposes, and not carry out military exchanges or cooperation in any form. 恪守尊重中国主权和领土完整的承诺,以实际行动恪守一个中国原则,尊重中国核心利益和重大关切,关系到中欧关系的长期稳定发展。欧方应明确反对任何形式的“台湾独立”,支持中国和平统一大业,慎重处理涉台问题。欧台交往应严格限制在非官方和民间范畴,不进行任何形式的官方接触和往来,不签署任何具有主权意涵或官方性质的协议,不设立任何具有官方性质的机构,不支持台加入仅限主权国家参加的国际组织,不售台武器和可用于军事目的的设备、物资及技术,不进行任何形式的军事交流与合作。
The central government of China supports and encourages the governments of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and the Macao Special Administrative Region in developing mutually beneficial and friendly cooperation in such areas as economy, trade, culture and tourism with the EU and its member states in accordance with the principle of “one country, two systems” and provisions of the two Basic Laws. Given that Hong Kong and Macao are China's special administrative regions, their affairs are part of China's internal affairs and should not be interfered in by the EU side. 中国中央政府支持和鼓励香港特别行政区和澳门特别行政区政府按照“一国两制”方针和两个基本法规定,与欧盟及成员国开展经贸、文化、旅游等领域互利友好合作。香港和澳门是中国的特别行政区,港澳事务属于中国内政,欧方不应干预。
China appreciates the position of the EU and its member states that recognizes Tibet as an integral part of China's territory and does not support “Tibet independence”. The EU should not allow leaders of the Dalai group to visit the EU or its member states in any capacity or under any name to carry out separatist activities, not arrange any form of contact with officials from the EU and its member states, and not support or facilitate any anti-China separatist activities for “Tibet independence”. It is also imperative that the EU side not support or facilitate the East Turkestan Islamic Movement and any other activity of anti-China separatism, violent terrorism and religious extremism. 中方赞赏欧盟及成员国承认西藏是中国领土不可分割的一部分、不支持“西藏独立”的立场。欧方不应允许达赖集团头目以任何身份和名义到欧盟及成员国从事分裂中国的活动,不安排官方人士同其进行任何形式的接触,不为“藏独”反华分裂活动提供任何支持和便利。欧方也不应为“东突”势力以及任何反华分裂、暴力恐怖、极端宗教活动提供任何支持和便利。
Despite differences in history, culture, social systems and development stages, China and the EU have no fundamental strategic conflicts but share much more common ground than differences. It is important that the two sides engage in dialogues instead of confrontation, enhance mutual understanding and trust through equal consultation, build as much consensus as possible, accommodate each other's legitimate concerns, and handle disputes and frictions in a constructive way. 中欧历史文化、社会制度、发展阶段各不相同,但双方没有根本战略冲突,共同点远大于分歧。应当坚持对话不对抗,通过平等对话不断增进相互了解、理解和信任,最大程度凝聚共识,照顾彼此合理关切,以建设性方式处理分歧、管控摩擦。
China is ready to work with the EU to strengthen dialogue and coordination at bilateral, regional and global levels, promote and practise multilateralism, uphold the UN-centered international order and system, and tackle global challenges. China and the EU need to stand firmly against unilateralism and protectionism, push for a more open, inclusive and balanced economic globalization beneficial to all, and support the international community in formulating and improving fair, equitable and just international rules and standards to ensure that all parties engage in decision making as equals, enjoy their legitimate rights, and shoulder responsibilities and obligations commensurate with their levels of development. 中国愿继续同欧盟在双边、地区和全球层面加强对话协作,共同倡导和践行多边主义,维护以联合国为核心的国际秩序和国际体系,携手应对全球性挑战。旗帜鲜明反对单边主义和保护主义,推动经济全球化朝着更加开放、包容、普惠、平衡、共赢的方向发展,支持国际社会共同制定和完善公平公正公道的国际规则和标准,确保各方平等参与决策,享受应有权利,承担与发展水平相适应的责任和义务。
Part Two Cooperation in Political, Security and Defense Fields 第二部分 政治安全防务等领域合作
Fully leverage the China-EU High Level Strategic Dialogue as a major platform to deepen strategic communication and coordination, build strategic consensus and deepen mutual trust. 用好中欧高级别战略对话的重要平台,深化战略沟通和协调,不断积累扩大战略共识与互信。
Continue to hold the China-EU consultations on foreign policies and dialogues on regional affairs to facilitate political solutions to regional and international hotspot issues. 继续开展中欧外交政策磋商和地区事务对话,推动政治解决国际和地区热点问题。
Enhance exchange, coordination and cooperation under the UN framework to support the UN in playing an active role and explore joint initiatives and actions on issues of common interest and with common ground between China and the EU and its member states. Jointly support the reform of the UN to strengthen its role and improve its efficiency. Increase exchange and practical cooperation on UN peacekeeping. 在联合国框架内加强交流、协调与合作,支持联合国发挥积极作用,探讨就中国同欧盟及成员国共同关心和拥有共识的问题发出联合倡议与行动。共同支持联合国改革,增强联合国作用,提高联合国效率。在联合国维和领域加强交流与务实合作。
Intensify counter-terrorism communication and collaboration on the basis of mutual respect and equality, and firmly reject double standards for fresh progress in international counter-terrorism cooperation. 在相互尊重、平等相待基础上加强反恐交流与合作,在反恐问题上决不搞“双重标准”,推动国际反恐合作不断取得新进展。
Enhance cooperation between police forces. China stands ready to expand exchanges and cooperation with Europol and launch joint patrols with EU member states as appropriate. Strengthen communication and cooperation on public legal services, and extradition and criminal judicial assistance for more practical and effective joint combat against transnational crimes. 加强警务合作,中方愿扩大同欧洲警察署的交流合作,视情同欧盟成员国开展联合巡逻。加强在公共法律服务以及引渡、刑事司法协助等领域交流合作,更加务实高效携手打击跨国犯罪。
Increase communication and cooperation on non-proliferation and export control. Jointly advance international nuclear security cooperation. Prevent weaponization of and arms race in outer space and safeguard its peace and security. Uphold the authority and universality of the multilateral disarmament regime. Jointly preserve the authority of the Non-Proliferation Treaty快醒醒开学了 as the cornerstone of the international nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament regime, and support global efforts to ban nuclear tests. Support the Conference on Disarmament in adopting a comprehensive and balanced work program at an early date and carrying out substantive work.

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